Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Martin, Debbie H. (2012)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Inuit health, nutrition, food studies, qualitative research
Objectives. Culture, history and social circumstances shape how people understand their relationships to food, what foods are eaten, when, how much and how often. This ultimately shapes overall health. This study aims to connect research about food, culture and health by positioning south-eastern Labrador Inuit understandings of food at the forefront of how we begin to address chronic disease within southeastern Labrador Inuit communities. Study design. This study collected stories about food from 3 generations of men and women who live in the south-east Labrador Inuit community of St. Lewis, Newfoundland and Labrador. Methods. Qualitative interviews (n=24) and 1 focus group (n=8) were conducted with 3 generations of men and women who were asked to share stories about how they experience and understand their relationships to food. Results. Local plants and animals have historically been used for shelter, clothing and medicines, and their procurement provided opportunities for physical activity, sharing with others and passing along generational knowledge. The historical absence of government services has meant that stable food supplies were unavailable; local sources of food have, until the recent past, been essential for survival. The significant change over a short period, from having to ensure that one has enough to eat and avoiding nutritional deficiencies, to having both healthy and unhealthy food choices constantly available, has required a different “way” of understanding food. Conclusions. It is imperative that nutrition programs and resources directed towards improving the health of south-east Labrador Inuit take into account how cultural, historical and social circumstances have shaped south-east Labrador Inuit understandings of food.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2011; 70(4):384-395)Keywords: Inuit health, nutrition, food studies, qualitative research
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Hanrahan M. Tracing social change among the Labrador Inuit and Inuit-Metis: what does the nutrition literature tell us? Food Society Culture 2008;11(3):315- 333.
    • 2. Martin D. Food stories: a Labrador Inuit-Metis community speaks about global change [dissertation]. Halifax (Canada): Dalhousie University; 2009. 248 p.
    • 3. Jackson L. Bounty of a barren coast. Happy ValleyGoose Bay: Labrador Institute; 1982. 132 p.
    • 4. Hanrahan M. Industrialization and politicization of health in Labrador Metis society.The Canadian Journal of Native Studies 2000;2:231-250.
    • 5. Egeland G. Back to the future: using traditional foods and knowledge to promote a healthy future among the Inuit. In: Kuhnlein HV, Erasmus B, Spigelski D, editors. Indigenous people's food systems: the many dimensions of culture, diversity and environment for nutrition and health. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations & Centre for Indigenous Nutrition Education; 2009. p. 9-22.
    • 6. Counihan C.The anthropology of food and body: gender, meaning and power. New York: Routledge; 1999. 424 p.
    • 7. Meigs A. Food as a cultural construction. In: Counihan C, Van Esterik P, editors. Food and culture: a reader. New York: Routledge; 1997. p. 85-105.
    • 8. Lupton D. Food, the body and the self. London: Sage Publications; 1996. 175 p.
    • 9. Perez Pena O. A day in the life of Maria: women, food, ecology and the will to live. In: Barndt D, editor.Women working the food chain: women, food and globalization.Toronto, ON: Sumach Press; 1999. p. 237-248.
    • 10. Waugh LM. Nutrition and health of the Labrador Eskimo, with special reference to the mouth and teeth. J Dent Res 1928;8:428-429.
    • 11. Delormier T, Kuhnlein HV. Dietary characteristics of eastern James Bay Cree women.Arctic 1999;52(2):182- 187.
    • 12. Kuhnlein HV, Receveur O, Soueida R, Egeland GM. (2004). Arctic Indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity. J Nutr 2004;134(6):1447-1453.
    • 13. Kuhnlein HV, Chan HM. Environment and contaminants in traditional food systems of northern Indigenous peoples.Annu Rev Nutr 2000;20:595-626.
    • 14. Condon R, Collings P, Wenzel G. The best part of life: subsistence hunting, ethnicity and economic adaptation among young adult Inuit males.Arctic 1995;48(1): 31-48.
    • 15. Alton-Mackey A. An evaluation of country food use - St. Lewis, Labrador. St. John's: Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland; 1984. 117 p.
    • 16. Richmond C, Ross NA.The determinants of First Nation and Inuit health: a critical population health approach. Health Place 2009;15(2):403-411.
    • 17. Gracey M, King M. Indigenous health part 1: determinants and disease patterns. Lancet 2009;374(9683):64- 75.
    • 18. King M, Smith A, Gracey M. Indigenous health part 2: the underlying causes of the health gap. Lancet 2009; 374(9683):76-85.
    • 19. Martin D, Valcour J, Bull J, Paul M, Graham J, Wall D. NunatuKavut community health needs assessment: a community-based research report. Happy ValleyGoose Bay. Labrador: NunatuKavut Community Council; forthcoming.
    • 20. Loppie Reading C,Wien F. Health inequalities and social determinants of Aboriginal peoples' health. Vancouver: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health; 2009. 47 p.
    • 21. Power EM. Conceptualizing food security for Aboriginal people in Canada. Can J Public Health 2008;99(2): 95-97.
    • 22. CBC News. Food shipped to troubled Labrador community. CBC News 2010 Nov 5 [cited 2010 Dec 1]. Available from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2010/11/05/black-ticklefood-115.html.
    • 23. Majid K, Grier S. The Food Mail Program: “when figs lfy” - dispatching access and affordability to healthy food. Soc Marketing Quarterly 2010;16(3):78-95.
    • 24. Panelli R,Tipa G. Beyond foodscapes: considering geographies of Indigenous well-being. Health Place 2009;15 (2):455-465.
    • 25. Richmond CA, Ross NA, Egeland, GM. Societal resources and thriving health: a new approach for understanding the health of indigenous Canadians.Am J Pub Health 2007;97(10):1827-1833.
    • 26. Turner N. The earth's blanket. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre; 2005. 298 p.
    • 27. Cruickshank J. Life lived like a story. Kearney: University of Nebraska Press; 1990. 404 p.
    • 28. Community Accounts. Demographic accounts: population change 2001-2006. Community Accounts; 2006 [cited 2007 Oct 10]. Available from: http://www.communityaccounts.ca/communityaccounts/onlinedata.
    • 29. Clarke D, Mitchell G. Unveiling NunatuKavut: describing the lands and people of south/central Labrador: document in pursuit of reclaiming a homeland. Happy Valley-Goose Bay: NunatuKavut; 2010. 26 p.
    • 30. Hanrahan M. The lasting breach: the omission of Aboriginal people from the Terms of Union between Newfoundland and Canada and its ongoing impacts. Royal Commission on Renewing and Strengthening Our Place in Canada. St. John's: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador; 2003. 277 p.
    • 31. Alton-Mackey A, Murray Boles K.The birthing of nutrition education. Happy Valley-Goose Bay: Labrador Institute, Memorial University of Newfoundland; 1983. 395 p.
    • 32. Canadian Institutes for Health Research. CIHR guidelines for health research involving Aboriginal people. Ottawa, Canadian Institutes for Health Research; 2007 [cited 2007 Aug 2]. Available from: http://www.cihr.gc. ca/e/documents/ethics_aboriginal_guidelines_e.pdf.
    • 33. Borland K. Decolonizing approaches to feminist research: the case of feminist ethnography. In: Hesse-Biber SN, editor. Handbook of feminist research: theory and praxis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 2007. p. 621-628.
    • 34. Collins PH. Learning from the outsider within: the sociological significance of black feminist thought. In: Fonow MM, Cook JA, editors. Beyond methodology: feminist scholarship as lived research. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press; 1991. p. 35-59.
    • 35. Frank AW. The standpoint of the storyteller. Qual Health Res 2000;10(3):354-365.
    • 36. Coffey A, Atkinson P. Making sense of qualitative data: complementary research strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 1996. 206 p.
    • 37. Bernard HR. Research methods in anthropology: qualitative and quantitative methods. New York: Altamira Press; 2002. 803 p.
    • 38. Richmond CA.The social determinants of Inuit health: a focus on social support in the Canadian Arctic. Int J Circumpolar Health 2009;68(5):471-487.
    • 39. Dean WR, Sharkey JR, Cosgriff-Hernández KK, Martinez AR, Ribardo J, Diaz-Puentes C. “I can say that we were healthy and unhealthy”: food choice and the reinvention of tradition. Food Culture Society 2010;13(4): 574-594.
    • 40. Health Canada. Eating well with Canada's Food Guide - First Nations, Inuit and Metis. Ottawa: Government of Canada; 2007. Available from: http://www.hc-sc.gc. ca/fn-an/pubs/fnim-pnim/index-eng.php.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from