Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Johansson, Christer; Granat, Lennart (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
The flux of NO between arable land and atmosphere has been measured with a chamber technique. The net flux from the soil to the atmosphere varied from less than 0.1 up to 62 ng NO-N m-2 s-1 for a fertilized area (200 kg N ha-1 as calcium nitrate) and up to 17 ng NO-N m-2 s-1for an unfertilized area. The emission was high in the summer when the temperature was high and the soil was dry and decreased to low values when the soil surface was thoroughly wetted by rain. Previously reported findings of equilibrium concentrations of NO (compensation point) have been verified. These concentrations ranged from 2 to more than 75 ppbv. At the rural site where the measurements were made, the atmospheric NO concentration was always below this compensation point and there was consequently a net emission of NO from the soil. Nitrogen gases, measured as the difference between NO and NOx (including NO2 and possibly also HNO3 and PAN), were found to be absorbed on soil and vegetation. The absorption of NO2 was generally smaller than the emission of NO. The areal variability within an area of 100 m2 was found to be moderate with a standard deviation of 25%, somewhat higher on recently fertilized soil (between 50 and 80%). The temperature dependence of NO emission could be described with an activation energy of 65 to 83 kJ mol-1 (Q10 between 2.7 and 3.6). A more rapid increase of production than that predicted by the temperature increase was observed in morning hours. This is tentatively explained to be caused by nutrient dynamics in the soil. The yearly emission is estimated to be about 0.6 kg NO-N ha-1 and 0.2 kg NO-N ha-1 for the fertilized and unfertilized areas, respectively. During the vegetation period, NO emission from highly fertilized areas might be of some importance when compared with anthropogenic emission from combustion within Sweden.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.1984.tb00048.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bremner, J. M. and Blackmer, A. M. 1980. Natural and fertilizer-inducedemissions of nitrous oxide from soils. Paper No. 80-69.6, 73rd Annual Meeting of the Air Poll. Control Assoc., Montreal.
    • Delany, A. C., Dickerson, R. R., Melchior. Jr., F. L. and Wartburg, A. F. 1982. Modification of a commercial NO, detector for high sensitivity. Rw. Sci. Instrum. 53, 1899- 1902.
    • Denmead, 0. T. 1979. Chamber systems for measuring nitrous oxide emission from soils in the field. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43,89-95.
    • Denmead, 0.T., Freney, J. R. and Simpson, J. R. 1979. Studies of nitrous oxide emissions from a grass sward. SoilSci. Soc. Am. J.43, 126-728.
    • Ferm, M. 1979. Method for determination of atmospheric ammonia. Atmos. Environ. Z3, 1385-1393.
    • Firestone, M. K., Firestone, R. B. and Tiedje, J. M. 1979. Nitric oxide as an intermediate in denitrification: evidence from nitrogen-13 isotope exchange. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 91, 10-16.
    • Galbally, I. E. and Roy, C. R. 1978. Loss of fixed nitrogen from soils by nitric oxide exhalation. Nature 275,734-735.
    • Galbally, I. E. and Roy, C. R. 1981. Ozone and nitrogen oxides in the southern hemisphere troposphere. In: Proceedings of the Quadrennial Internutionul Ozone Symposium, Boulder, Colorado, August 1980, 43 1- 438.
    • Kim, C. M. 1973. Influence of vegetation types on the intensity of ammonia and nitrogen dioxide liberation from soil. Soil. Biol. Biochem. 5 , 163-166.
    • Kimball, B. A. and Lemon, E. R. 1971. Air turbulence effects upon soil gas exchange. Soil. Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 35, 16-2 1 .
    • Lipschultz, F., Zafiriou, 0. C., Wofsy, S. C., McElroy, M. B., Valois, F. W. and Watson, S. W. 1981. Production of NO and N,O by soil nitrifying bacteria. Nature 294,641-643.
    • McKenney, D. J., Shuttleworth, K. F. and Findlay, W. 1. 1980. Temperature dependence of nitrous oxide production from Brookston clay. Can.J . Soil Sci. 60, 665-674.
    • McKenney, D. J., Shuttleworth, K. F., Vriesacker, J. R. and Findlay, W. I. 1982. Production and loss of nitric oxide from denitrification in anaerobic Brookston clay. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 43, 534-541.
    • Rosswall, T. 1982. Ecology of arable land. The role of organisms in nitrogen cycling. Progress Report 1981. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,Uppsala.
    • Seiler, W. and Conrad, R. 1981. Field measurements of natural and fertilizer-induced N,O release rates from soils.J.Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 31, 761-712.
    • Steen, E., Jansson, P-E. and Persson, J. 1984. Experimental site of the “Ecology of Arable Land” project. Actu Agric. Scand., 34, in press.
    • Winer, A. M., Peters, J. W.. Smith, J. P. and Pitts, Jr., J. N. 1974. Response of commercial chemiluminescent NO-NO, analysers to other nitrogen-containing compounds. Environ. Sci. Technol. 8, 1 1 18-1 121.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from