LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Louchini, Rabiâ; Beaupré, Michéle (2008)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: cancer, incidence, mortality, Aboriginal
Objectives. Little information is available on the incidence and mortality of cancer among the Aboriginal population in the Province of Québec, Canada. Cancer was likely rare in this population historically, but recent life-style changes suggest that this may no longer be the case. The purpose of this study was to estimate incidence and mortality rates among Aboriginal people living on reserves and in northern villages in Québec during the period 1988–2004, and to compare these estimates with those of the general population. Study design. Incidence and mortality data were extracted respectively from the provincial tumour registry and death file. Methods. Aboriginal people were identified based on geographic residence codes. Population data were taken from the Canadian census of 1991, 1996 and 2001. Incidence and mortality rates were calculated and age-standardized according to the World Standard Population. Results. The Aboriginal incidence and mortality rates for cancer, all sites combined, was 321.8 per 100,000 (95% confidence interval 304.5–339.2) and 160.3 per 100,000 (95% CI 147.8–172.8), respectively. These rates are not significantly different from those of the general population of Québec. However, there are differences according to cancer site and sex. Aboriginal men had a higher risk for liver, lung and kidney cancers and a lower risk for prostate, bladder, leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancers, whereas Aboriginal women had a higher risk for colorectal, lung, cervix and kidney cancers, and a lower risk for breast, uterus, bladder, brain, leukemia, stomach and pancreas cancers. Conclusions. Aboriginal people in Québec now experience an overall cancer risk comparable to the general population. The observed differences in specific sites suggest exposure to unique environmental risk factors. Basic surveillance specific to this population is necessary for the planning and evaluation of cancer preventive and curative services.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2008; 67(5):445–451)Keywords: cancer, incidence, mortality, Aboriginal
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Dufour R. Cancer in the Inuit of northern Québec: results of a survey preliminary to the establishment of a cancer registry. Can J Public Health 1987;78:267-270.
    • 2. Gillis DC, Irvine J, Tan L, Chiu S, Liu L, Robson D. Cancer incidence and survival of Saskatchewan northerners and registered Indians, 1967-1986. Arctic Med Res 1991;Suppl:447-451.
    • 3. Irvine J, Gillis DC, Tan L, Chiu S, Liu L, Robson D. Lung, breast and cervical cancer incidence and survival in Saskatchewan northerners and registered Indians (1967-86). Arctic Med Res 1991;Suppl:452-456.
    • 4. Mahoney MC, Michalek AM. A meta-analysis of cancer incidence in United States and Canadian native populations. Int J Epidemiol 1991;20:323-327.
    • 5. Marrett LD, Chaudhry M. Cancer incidence and mortality in Ontario First Nations, 1968-1991 (Canada). Cancer Causes Control 2003;14:259-268.
    • 6. Morgan k , Laing LM. The incidence of cancer in Registered Indians of Alberta, 1974-1978. Chronic Dis Can 1981;2:33.
    • 7. Gallagher RP, Elwood JM. Cancer mortality among Chinese, Japanese, and Indians in British Columbia, 1964-73. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 1979;53:89-94.
    • 8. Young Tk , Frank JW. Cancer surveillance in a remote Indian population in northwestern Ontario. Am J Public Health 1983;73:515-520.
    • 9. Threlfall WJ, Gallagher JJ, Spinelli JJ, et al. Cancer patterns in British Columbia Native Indians. BC Medical Journal 1986;28:508-510.
    • 10. Young Tk , Choi NW. Cancer risks among residents of Manitoba Indian reserves, 1970-79. Can Med Assoc J 1985;132:1269-1272.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from