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McKeown, Iris; Reid, Sharon; Orr, Pamela (2004)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: HIV, women’s health, aboriginal health, sexual abuse, child abuse
Objectives. To investigate the role, if any, that violence and physical relocation may play in the acquisition of HIV infection in Canadian women. Study Design. The present study is qualitative. Methods. Using in-depth open-ended interviews conducted among HIV-positive women volunteers as a method. Results. Twenty women were interviewed. Eighteen of the 20 were of aboriginal (First Nations) ethnicity. All participants reported experiences of isolation and violence in childhood (sexual abuse, domestic violence, emotional abuse). Half of those who experienced childhood sexual abuse reported being afraid to disclose the events to adults at the time due to fear of reprisal and/or shame. The majority reported running away from home to escape violence, with subsequent involvement in the sex trade and drug abuse as economic and emotional survival coping strategies. Half reported previous incarceration in jail. The majority reported that they currently looked to community social programs for guidance and support. Conclusion. Early intervention programs must be implemented in partnership with communities to reduce family violence and create support networks for children, youth and adults at risk.Keywords: HIV, women’s health, aboriginal health, sexual abuse, child abuse
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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    • 2. Health Canada. HIV/AIDS Among Aboriginal Persons in Canada: A Continuing Concern. www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ pphb-dgspsp/hast-vsmt/. [Accessed April 2003]
    • 3. Craib KJP, Spittal PM,Wood E et al. Risk Factors for elevated HIV incidence among Aboriginal injection drug users in Vancouver. CMAJ 2003;168(1):19-24.
    • 4. Wyatt GE, Myers HF,Williams JK et al. Does a history of trauma contribute to HIV risk for women of color? Implications for prevention. Am J Public Health 2002;92(4):660-6.
    • 5. Tseng A. Anonymous testing in the Canadian Aboriginal population. Can Fam Physician 1996;41:1734-40.
    • 6. Miles MB, Huberman AM. Qualitative data analysis: an expanded source book. 2nd ed. London: Sage Publications Inc 1994;1.
    • 7. Finkelhor D, Browne A. The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse: a conceptualization. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1985;55:530-41.
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