LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Eberstein, I. J.; Theon, J. S. (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Three series of rocket soundings were conducted from high latitude sites during winter. In the first series, four pitot pressure soundings were launched during a 13-hour period from Ft. Churchill, Canada (59° N) on January 31, and February 1, 1967. The second series consisted of one pitot sounding and two grenade soundings carried out during a 3-hour period on January 13–14, 1970. Temperature and wind profiles and one density profile were observed independently to obtain the thermodynamic structure, the wind structure, and thus their interdependence in the mesosphere. The third series of soundings was conducted from Point Barrow, Alaska (71° N) on December 6, 1971. This series consisted of five soundings of which the first two and the last two were pitot-grenade pairs. Temperature profiles from all soundings in each series were averaged, and a smooth curve (or series of smooth curves) drawn through the points. A hydrostatic atmosphere based on the average, measured temperature profile was computed, and deviations from the mean atmosphere were analyzed in terms of gravity wave theory. The vertical wavelengths of the deviations were 10–20 km, and the wave amplitudes slowly increased with height. The experimental data were matched by calculated gravity waves having a period ranging between 15 and 80 minutes and horizontal wavelengths of 60 to 280 km. Our interpretation is generally consistent with the results of others who have studied gravity-acoustic waves in the atmosphere. The wind measurements are consistent with the thermodynamic measurements. The results also suggest that gravity waves travelled from East to West with a horizontal phase velocity of approximately 60 m/s.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1978.tb00849.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bendat. J. S. and Piersol, A. G. 1966. Measurement and analvsis of random data. Wiley, New York.
    • Blackman. R. B. and Tukey. J. W. 1958. The measurement ofpower spectra. Dover.
    • Burnside. W. 1889. On the small wave motion of a heterogeneous fluid under gravity. Proc. London Marh. SOC.392-397.
    • Eckart, C . 1960. Ifydrodsnamics of oceans and atmospheres. Pergamon. New York.
    • Gossard, E. E. 1962. Vertical flux of energy into the lower ionosphere from internal gravity waves generated in the troposphere. J. Geoph.vsica/ Research 67,745-757.
    • Gortler. H. 1943. Uber eine Schwingungserscheinung in Fliissigkeiten mit stabiler Dichteschichtung. Z . JCr Angew. Marh. und Mech. 23 (2). 65-71.
    • Greennow. J. S. and Neufeld. E. L. 1955. Phil. Mag. 46. 549-561.
    • Greenhow. J. S. and Neufeld. E. L. 1959. J . Geophvs. Res. 6 4 . 2 129-2 133.
    • Heisler. L. H. 1958. Aust. J . Phw. 11. 79-90.
    • Hines, C. 0. 1960. Internal atmospheric gravity waves at ionospheric heights. Can. J . Phys. 38, 1441- 1481.
    • Hodges. R. R. IY69. Eddy diffusion coefficients due to instabilities in internal gravity waves. J. Geophvs. Res. 24.4087-4090.
    • Horvath. J. J.. Simmons. R. W. and Brace, L. H. 1962. Theory and implementation of the pitot-static technique for upper atmospheric measurements. Space Physics Research Lab. Scientific Report N S - I University of Michigan.
    • Jones. W. L. 1969. Ray tracing for internal gravity waves. J . Geophys. Res. 74. 2028-2033.
    • Justus. C . G . and Edwards. H. D. I97 1. Winds observed from Julv 1968 through November 1970 in the 83 to 216 km altitude region. Final Report, AFCRL Contract F 19628-68-C-0081.
    • Lamb. H. 1909. On the theory of waves propagated verticallv in the atmosphere. Proc. London Math. SOC. 122-141.
    • Lindzen. R. S. 1968. The application of classical atmospheric tidal theory. Proc. R . SOC.A303, 299- 316.
    • Lindzen. R. S. 1971. Tides and gravity waves in the upper atmosphere. In Mesospheric models and related experiments (edited by G. Fiocco). D. Reidel. Dodrecht. Holland.
    • Love. E. H. 1891. Wave motion in a heterogeneous heavy liquid. Proc. London Math. Soc.. 307-3 16.
    • Midglev. J. E. and Liemohn. H. B. 1966. Gravity waves in a realistic atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 71. 3729- 3748.
    • Munro. G . H. 1958. Aust.J. Phvs. I ! . 91-112.
    • Nordberg. W. and Smith. W. 1964. The rocket grenade experiment. NASA Technical Note 0 - 2 1 0 7 .
    • Pitteway. M . L. V. and Hines, C. 0. 1963. The viscous damping of atmospheric gravity waves. Can. J. Phvs. 41. 1935-1948.
    • Smith. W. S.. Katchen. L. B. and Theon, J. S. 1968. Grenade experiments in a program of synoptic meterological measurements. Meteorol. Monogr. 8 , (31). 17&175.
    • Smith, W. S . . Theon, J. S., S w a m , P. C., Casey,J. F. and Horvath. J. J. 1969. Temperature, pressure, density arid wind measurements in the stratosphere and mesosphere. 1967. NASA TR-R-316.
    • Smith. W. S . . Theon. J. S.. Wright. D. U., Casey, J. F. and Horvath, J. J. 1972. Measurements of the structure and circulation of the stratosphere and mesosphere. 1970. NASA TR-R-391.
    • Smith. W. S., Theon, J. S., Wright, D. U., Ramsdale, D. J. and Horvath. J. J. 1974. Measurements of the structure and circulation of the stratosphere and mesosphere. 1971-72. NASA TR-R-416.
    • Tolstov. I. 1973. Waue propagation. McGraw-Hill.
    • Volland. H. 1969a. Full wave calculation of gravity wave propagation through the thermosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 74. 1786-1795.
    • Volland. H. 1969b. The upper atmosphere as a multiple refractive medium for neutral air motions. J. Atmos. Terr. Phvs. 31.491-514.
    • Witt. G . 1962. Height. structure and displacement of noctilucent clouds. Tellus 14. 1-18.
    • Yih C.-S. 1965. D.vnamics of non-homogeneous fluids. Macmillan. New York.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from