Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Hartley, David; Nelson, Noele; Walters, Ronald; Arthur, Ray; Yangarber, Roman; Madoff, Larry; Linge, Jens; Mawudeku, Abla; Collier, Nigel; Brownstein, John; Thinus, Germain; Lightfoot, Nigel (2010)
Publisher: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Journal: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: 1 Natural sciences
Event-based biosurveillance is a scientific discipline in which diverse sources of data, many of which are available from the Internet, are characterized prospectively to provide information on infectious disease events. Biosurveillance complements traditional public health surveillance to provide both early warning of infectious disease events and situational awareness. The Global Health Security Action Group of the Global Health Security Initiative is developing a biosurveillance capability that integrates and leverages component systems from member nations. This work discusses these biosurveillance systems and identifies needed future studies. (Published: 19 February 2010) Citation: Emerging Health Threats Journal 2010, 3:e3. doi: 10.3134/ehtj.10.003
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1 Oldstone MBA. Viruses, Plagues, and History. Oxford University Press: New York, 1998.
    • 2 Institute of Medicine. Microbial Threats to Health: Emergence, Detection and Response. National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 2003.
    • 3 Mathers C, Boerma T, Ma Fat D. Global Burden of Disease 2004 Update. World Health Organization Press: Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
    • 4 Institute of Medicine. Biological Threats and Terrorism: Assessing the Science and Response Capabilities. National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 2002.
    • 5 Calain P. Exploring the international arena of global public health surveillance. Health Policy Plan 2007;22:2-12.
    • 6 King NB. Security, disease, commerce: ideologies of postcolonial global health. Soc Stud Sci 2002;32:763-89.
    • 7 Rodier G, Greenspan AL, Hughes JM, Heymann DL. Global public health security. Emerg Infect Dis 2007;13:1447-52.
    • 8 Baker MG, Forsyth AM. The new International Health Regulations: a revolutionary change in global health security. N Z Med J 2007;120:U2872.
    • 9 Wilson K, McDougall C, Forster A. The responsibility of healthcare institutions to protect global health security. Healthc Q 2008;12:56-60.
    • 10 Amato-Gauci A, Ammon A. The surveillance of communicable diseases in the European UnionFa long-term strategy (2008- 2013). Euro Surveill 2008;13. pii: 18912.
    • 11 Walters R, Harlan P, Nelson N, Hartley D. Data sources for biosurveillance. In: Voeller J (ed). Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security. John Wiley: New York, forthcoming, 2009.
    • 12 Institute of Medicine. Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges. Workshop Summary. National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 2007.
    • 13 Wilson K, Brownstein JS. Early detection of disease outbreaks using the Internet. CMAJ 2009;180:829-31.
    • 14 Global Health Security Initiative. GHSI background [Internet]. [place unknown]: overview: Global Health Security Initiative (GHSI) [cited 4 July 2009]. Available from: [http://www.ghsi.ca/ english/background.asp].
    • 15 European Commission. GHSAG Working Group on risk management and communication, Meeting on Early warning for CBRN threats, LuxembourgF26 to 28 February 2008, short summary of the meeting. [Location unknown]: European Commission, Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General, Directorate CFPublic Health and Risk Assessment, C3FHealth Threats. [cited 4 July 2009]. Available from: [ http://www.episouth.org/ doc/r_documents/GHSAG_short_report_for_PHEA_web.pdf ].
    • 16 Reilly AR, Iarocci EA, Jung CM, Hartley DM, Nelson NP. Indications and warning of pandemic influenza compared to seasonal influenza. Advances in Disease Surveillance 2008;5:190.
    • 17 Collier N, Doan S, Kawazeo A, Goodwin R, Conway M, Tateno Y, et al. BioCaster: detecting public health rumors with a web-based text mining system. Bioinformatics, 2008. DOI: 10.1093/ bioinformatics/btn534.
    • 18 Collier N, Kawazoe A, Jin L, Shigematsu M, Dien D, Barrero R, et al. A multilingual ontology for infectious disease outbreak surveillance: rationale, design and challenges. J Lang Resources Eval 2007;40:405-13.
    • 19 Doan S, Hung-Ngo Q , Kawazoe A, Collier N. Global Health MonitorFA Web-based System for Detecting and Mapping Infectious Diseases. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (IJCNLP). Companion Volume, 2008; 951-6.
    • 20 Mykhalovskiy E, Weir L. The Global Public Health Intelligence Network and early warning outbreak detection: a Canadian contribution to global public health. Can J Public Health 2006;97:42-4.
    • 21 Freifeld CC, Mandl KD, Reis BY, Brownstein JS. HealthMap: global infectious disease monitoring through automated classification and visualization of Internet media reports. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2008;15:150-7.
    • 22 Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Reis BY, Mandl KD. Surveillance Sans Frontie`res: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence and the HealthMap project. PLoS Med 2008;5:e151.
    • 23 Steinberger R, Flavio F, van der Goot E, Best C, von Etter P, Yangarber R. Text mining from the web for medical intelligence. In: Franc-oise Fogelman-Soulie´, Domenico Perrotta, Jakub Piskorski, Ralf Steinberger (eds). Mining Massive Data Sets for Security. IOS Press: Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2008.
    • 24 Best C, van der Goot E, Blackler K, Garcia T, Hornby D. Europe Media MonitorFsystem description. EUR, Technical Report 22173 EN, European Commission, December 2005.
    • 25 Linge JP, Steinberger R, Weber TP, Yangarber R, van der Goot E, Al Khudhairy DH, et al. Internet surveillance systems for early alerting of health threats. Euro Surveill 2009;14.
    • 26 Cowen P, Garland T, Hugh-Jones ME, Shimshony A, Handysides S, Kaye D, et al. Evaluation of ProMED-mail as an electronic early warning system for emerging animal diseases: 1996-2004. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006;229:1090-9.
    • 27 Madoff LC. ProMED-mail: an early warning system for emerging diseases. Clin Infect Dis 2004;39:227-32.
    • 28 Grishman R, Huttunen S, Yangarber R. Information extraction for enhanced access to disease outbreak reports. J Biomed Inform 2002;35:236-46.
    • 29 Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Reis BY, Mandl KD. HealthMap: Internet-based emerging infectious disease intelligence. In: Institute of Medicine, editor Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the challengesFfinding solutions Available. 2007, http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php? record_id ¼ 11996 &page ¼ 122. Accessed 6 June 2008.
    • 30 Buehler JW, Hopkins RS, Overhage JM, Sosin DM, Tong V. Framework for evaluating public health surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks: recommendations from the CDC Working Group. MMWR Recomm Rep 2004;53 (RR-5): 1-1.
    • 31 European Centre for Prevention and Disease Control. Framework for a strategy for infectious disease surveillance in Europe, 2006. Online at http://ecdc.europa.eu/documents/pdf/Framework% 20surveillance%20strategy%20in%20Europe.pdf (accessed 14 March 2009).
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article