Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Rothe, J. Peter (2005)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Canada, community, drinking and driving, First Nations, normative behavior, youth
Objectives. First Nations young people are over-represented in fatal alcohol-related crashes, necessitating culturally sensitive data that sheds light on this major health issue. The objective of this study was to understand why young First Nations drivers, aged 18 to 29 years old, become involved in drinking and driving as normal behavior displayed through socio-cultural patterns. Study Design and Methods. Sixty-five First Nations respondents were individually interviewed in nine Alberta locations. Semi-structured interviews, focusing on socio-cultural patterns, norms and community ethos affecting alcohol consumption, drinking and driving, and drinking and driving interventions, were used. Results. Community norms play a significant role in the drinking and driving behaviors of First Nations people. First Nations communities experience reckless driving, neighbors with alcohol and drug abuse problems, violence, economic disparity, boredom and racism, all of which contribute to responses of alcohol abuse and drinking and driving. Both are considered to be normal, community-endorsed behaviors, reflecting situational needs and ready-at-hand usage. Furthermore, the grid of rural roadways is an important contributor to drinking and driving and a community sense of practical living. Also of importance was the finding that young people embraced their parents’ alcohol-related problem behaviors on the basis that “what is okay for the parents is okay for me.” Finally, First Nations young people believe in personally stopping a drunken person from driving, but the risk of community censure, social discomfort and risk of physical and verbal abuse mitigate against them taking action. Conclusions. Living in First Nations communities is socially complex, highly emotionally charged, and peer-pressured. Drinking and driving and alcohol abuse amongst First Nations people reflect the community social structure, daily pressures and norms of behavior. Hence, to reduce drinking and driving casualties amongst First Nations young people, intervention strategies must address systemic issues, namely local people’s social realities, norms, as well as local and peer relationships.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2005; 64(4):336-345)Keywords: Canada, community, drinking and driving, First Nations, normative behavior, youth
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. DeJong W, Hingson R. Strategies to Reduce Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol. Annu Rev Public Health 1998: 19: 359-378.
    • 2. Gfroerer JC, Greenblatt JC, Wright DA. Substance use in the US college-age population: differences according to educational status and living arrangement. Am J Public Health 1997; 87: 62-65.
    • 3. Alberta Transportation. Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics. Edmonton, Alberta: Author; 2003.
    • 4. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 2004. “Demographics”: http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca
    • 5. Alberta Transportation. Alberta Traffic Collision Statistics. Edmonton, AB: Author; 2002.
    • 6. Health Canada. Aboriginal Traffic Safety Coalition of Alberta 2003. Aboriginal Traffic Safety Summit Report. Edmonton, AB: Author; March 12-13, 2003.
    • 7. Booth A, Crouter A. (Eds.). Does it take a village: Community effects on children, adolescents and families. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1999.
    • 8. Aboriginal Peoples Collection. Mapping The Healing Journey: The final report of a First Nation Research Project on Healing in Canadian Aboriginal Communities 2002. http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/ JS42-105-2002E.doc
    • 9. Navarro J. Substance abuse and spirituality: A program for Native American students. Am J Health Behav 1997; 21: 3-11.
    • 10. Walmsley C. Talking about the Aboriginal community: Child protection practitioners' views. First People's Child and Family Review 2004; 1: 63-71.
    • 11. Glaser B, Strauss AL. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago, ILL: Aldine; 1967.
    • 12. Rothe JP. Undertaking Qualitative Research; Concepts and Cases in Injury, Health and Social Life. Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta Press; 2000.
    • 13. Becker H. Sociological Work: Method and Substance. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books; 1970.
    • 14. Lofland J, Lofland LH. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing; 1984.
    • 15. Schwartz H, Jacobs J. Qualitative Sociology, A Method to the Madness. New York: Free Press; 1979.
    • 16. Wolfsenberger W. Normalization: The Principle of Normalization in Human Services. Toronto, ON: National Institute on Mental Retardation; 1972.
    • 17. Rothe JP, Elgert L. (2004b). Merging traffic enforcement with rural life in Alberta. The Canadian Journal of Policing and Security Services 2004b; 2 Spring: 23- 31.
    • 18. Berger P, Berger B. Sociology: A Biographical Approach. New York: Basic Books; 1975.
    • 19. Ross L. Confronting Drunk Driving. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1992.
    • 20. Bierstedt R. The Social Order. New York: McGraw Hill; 1974.
    • 21. Roberts P, Moseley B. Father's Time. Psychology Today 1996; May-June: http://cms.psychologytoday. com/articles/pto-19960501-000041.html
    • 22. Wolk S, DuCette J. Intentional performance and incidental learning as a function of personality and task dimensions. J Pers Soc Psychol 1974; 29: 90-101.
    • 23. Rothe JP. Personal Drinking and Driving Interven tion: A Gritty Performance. In D.A. Hennessey and D.L. Wiesenthal, (Eds.), Contemporary Issues in Road User Behavior. New York: Nova Science Publishers; 2005.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from