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Lepercq, Pascale; Gérard, Philippe; Béguet, Fabienne; Grill, Jean-Pierre; Relano, Purification; Cayuela, Chantal; Juste, Catherine (2011)
Publisher: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Journal: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Languages: English
Types: Article
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)-producing bacteria are of clinical and industrial interest due to the multiple beneficial effects of this bile acid on human health. UDCA is the 7β-OH epimer of the primary (i.e. synthesized by the liver) bile acid chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). Epimerization proceeds in two subsequent and reversible steps, catalysed by a 7α- and a 7β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (7α- and 7β- HSDH), with 7oxo-lithocholic acid (7oxo-LCA) as the intermediate product. The aim of this study was to test the 7α- and 7β-HSDH activities of anaerobic whole cell cultures of a number of lactic acid bacteria and human intestinal isolates, using CDCA, UDCA and 7oxo- LCA as the substrates. Among 140 strains tested, 21 exhibited at least one of both 7-HSDH activities. 7α-HSDH activity was detected in six strains, 7β-HSDH in nine strains, and both activities in six other strains. All active strains were isolated from normal human and infant faeces. They belonged to the genera Clostridium , Eubacterium and Ruminococcus, whereas no strain of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium or Streptococcus was found to be active under our study conditions. The present study therefore revealed, for the first time, a number of normal human intestinal isolates supporting the epimerization of CDCA to UDCA, and further extended our knowledge of those intestinal bacteria which are responsible for 7α- or 7β-HSDH activity.Key words: screening, bile acids, epimerization, intestinal microflora, lactic acid bacteria, probiotics.
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