LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Rothe, J. Peter; Makokis, Patricia; Steinhauer, Lorna; Aguiar, William; Makokis, Lena; Brertton, George (2012)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: impaired driving, First Nations, Talking Circle, residential schools, family
Objectives. The study’s objective was to better understand alcohol abuse and impaired driving behaviors in a First Nations community as it reflects systemic issues linked to historical, family and community experiences. Study Design and Methods. Fifteen 18- to 29-year-old drivers participated in an exploratory eight-hour Talking Circle held according to traditional cultural practice. Four First Nations researchers, trained in Talking Circle protocol, and a Band Elder facilitated the data collection, data analysis according to emerging themes, and data verification. Results. Federal government residential schools contribute to intergenerational effects which impact impaired driving in a northern First Nations community. Traditional parental role modeling has changed dramatically. Rather than guide children through a communally shared development process, many parents now expect their children to assume adult roles by expecting them to take care of their guardians when they drink excessive amounts of alcohol. Because a wall of silence exists between the young and old, many young people seek refuge with friends and peers, who subsequently influence them to abuse alcohol and engage in impaired driving. Many older Band members no longer serve as leaders for young people. Instead, they behave like peers and engage in activities that facilitate alcohol abuse and impaired driving. Conclusions. Historical institutions like federal government residential schools have contributed to systemic socio cultural problems which influence alcohol abuse and impaired driving. Hence there is a need for community-based intervention strategies that promote cultural healing. The healing journey can start with First Nations communities providing their people opportunities to share their stresses and traumas in supporting and nurturing environments.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2006; 65(4): 347-356).Keywords: impaired driving, First Nations, Talking Circle, residential schools, family
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. McFarlane, P. 1997 “Accidents Waiting to be prevented.” Injury Prevention 7(3)
    • 2. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. (2004). “Demographics”, from http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca
    • 3. Alberta Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (2004). Saving Lives on Alberta's Roads. Edmonton, AB: Government of Alberta, June.
    • 4. Health Canada. (2003). Aboriginal traffic safety co - alition of Alberta 2003. Aboriginal traffic safety sum - mit report. Edmonton, AB: Author, March 12-13.
    • 5. Rothe, J.P. (2005). Towards a better understanding of First Nations communities and drinking and driving. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 64(4): 336-345
    • 6. Smith, L.T. (2000). “Kaupapa Maori research,” in M. Battiste (Ed). “Reclaiming Indigenous Voice and Vision.” Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.
    • 7. Aboriginal Healing Foundation. (2004). Historic trauma and Aboriginal healing. Ottawa: Anishinabe Printing.
    • 8. Ogbu, J.U. (1993). Differences in cultural frame of reference. International Journal of Behavioral Development 16: 483-506
    • 9. Rothe, J.P., Makokis, P. Makokis, L. Steinhauer, S. & W. Aguiar, “Return to the community: Using a sharing circle to clarify influences in First Nations drink - ing and driving.” A report submitted to the Director of Health Protection First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada, Edmonton, Alberta, August 31, 2005.
    • 10. Struthers, R., Hodge, S.H., Geishirt-Cantrell, B., & De Cora, L. (2003). Participant experiences of talking circles on type 2 diabetes in two northern plains American Indian tribes. Qualitative Health Research, 13(8), 1094-1115.
    • 11. Hodge, F.S., Fredericks, L., & Rodriguez, B. (1996). American Indian women's talking circle: A cervical cancer screening and prevention project. Cancer, 78 (Suppl.7), 1592-1597.
    • 12. McGill, D. & Pearce, J. (1996). American families with English ancestors from the colonial era: Anglo Americans. In M. McGoldrick M. Giordano and J.K. Pearce (Eds.) Ethnicity and family therapy. NY: The Guilford Press, P. 451- 456.
    • 13. Navarro, J. (1997). Substance abuse and spirituality: A program for Native American students. American Journal of Health Behavior, 21, 3-11.
    • 14. Pramis, K. (1997). Peacemaking circles: Restorative justice in practice. Corrections Today 59(December), 72-82.
    • 15. Rothe, J.P. (2000). Undertaking qualitative research, concepts and cases in injury, health and social Life. Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta Press.
    • 16. Cresswell, J.W. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among the Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    • 17. Clandinin DJ & Connelly FM (1998) Personal experience methods. In: Denzin NK &Lincoln YS (eds) Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials. Thousand Oaks, Sage, p 150-178.
    • 18. Brant-Castellano, M. (2003). Aboriginal family trends. Healing Words, 4, 20-24
    • 19. Makokis, L. (2001). Teachings from Cree Elders: A grounded theory study of indigenous leadership. Unpublished Dissertation, University of San Diego, San Diego
    • 20. Aboriginal Healing Foundation. (2004). Historic trauma and Aboriginal healing. Ottawa: Anishinabe Printing.
    • 21. Ten Fingers, K. (2005). Rejecting, revitalizing, and reclaiming: First Nations work to set the direction of research and policy development. Canadian Journal of Public Health Jan/Feb (96).
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from