Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Young Kim, Ki; Lee, Joohan; Ho Hong, Myung; Kuk Hong, Jong; Keun Jin, Young; Shon, Howong (2010)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Polar Research
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Physics::Geophysics
To determine P- and S-wave velocities, elastic properties and subglacial topography of the polythermal Fourcade Glacier, surface seismic and radar surveys were conducted along a 470-m profile in November 2006. P- and S-wave velocity structures were determined by travel-time tomography and inversion of Rayleigh wave dispersion curves, respectively. The average P- and S-wave velocities of ice are 3466 and 1839 m s-1, respectively. Radar velocities were obtained by migration velocity analysis of 112 diffraction events. An estimate of 920 kg m-3 for the bulk density of wet ice corresponds to water contents of 5.1 and 3.2%, which were derived from the average P-wave and radar velocities, respectively. Using this density and the average P- and S-wave velocities, we estimate that the corresponding incompressibility and rigidity of the ice are 6.925 and 3.119 GPa, respectively. Synergistic interpretation of the radar profile and P- and S-wave velocities indicates the presence of a fracture zone above a subglacial high. Here, the P- and S-wave velocities are approximately 5 and 3% less than in the ice above a subglacial valley, respectively. The S-wave velocities indicate that warmer and less rigid ice underlies 10–15 m of colder ice near the surface of the glacier. Such layering is characteristic of polythermal glaciers. As a relatively simple non-invasive approach, integration of P-wave tomography, Rayleigh wave inversion and ground-towed radar is effective for various glaciological studies, including the elastic properties of englacial and subglacial materials, cold/warm ice interfaces, topography of a glacier bed and location of fracture zones.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aki K. & Richard P.G. 1980. Quantitative seismology. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman & Co.
    • Benjumea B. & Teixidó T. 2001. Seismic reflection constants on the glacial dynamics of Johnsons Glacier, Antarctica. Journal of Applied Geophysics 44, 31-44.
    • Bintanja R. 1995. Local surface energy balance of the Ecology Glacier, King George Island, Antarctica: measurements and modeling. Antarctic Science 7, 315-325.
    • Bradford J.H. & Harper J.T. 2005. Wave field migration as a tool for estimating spatially continuous radar velocity and water content in glaciers. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L08502, doi:10.1029/2004GL021770.
    • Bradford J.H., Nichols J., Mikesell T.D. & Harper J.T. 2009. Continuous profiles of electromagnetic wave theory and water content in glaciers: an example from Bench Glacier, Alaska, USA. Annals of Glaciology 50, 1-9.
    • Braun M. & Rau F. 2000. Using a multi-year data archive of ERS SAR imagery for the monitoring of firn line positions and ablation patterns on the King George Island ice cap (Antarctica). EARSeL eProceedings 1, 281-291.
    • Braun M., Simões J.C., Vogt S., Bremer U.F., Saurer H., Aquino F.E. & Ferron F.A. 2004. A new satellite image map for King George Island, Antarctica. Pesquisa Antártica Brasileira 4, 199-203.
    • Chen J. & Schuster G.T. 1999. Resolution limits of migration images. Geophysics 64, 1046-1053.
    • Claerbout J.F. 1985. Imaging the Earth's interior. Palo Alto: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
    • Curl J.E. 1980. A glacial history of the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Institute of Polar Studies Report 63. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.
    • Danbom S.H. & Domenico S.N. 1986. Shear-wave exploration. Tulsa: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    • Deutsch C.V. & Journel A.G. 1992. GSLIB: Geostatistical Software Library and user's guide. Cambridge: Oxford University Press.
    • Dix C.H. 1955. Seismic velocities from surface measurements. Geophysics 34, 180-195.
    • Dorman J. & Ewing M. 1962. Numerical inversion of seismic surface wave dispersion data and crust-mantle structure in the New York-Pennsylvania area. Journal of Geophysical Research 67, 5227-5241.
    • Duval P. 1977. The role of water content on the creep rate of polycrystalline ice. IAHS Publication Series 118, 29-33.
    • Ferron F.A., Simões J.C., Aquino F.E. & Setzer A.W. 2004. Air temperature time series for King George Island, Antarctica. Pesquisa Antártica Brasileira 4, 155-169.
    • Fountain A.G. & Walder J.S. 1998. Water flow through temperate glaciers. Reviews of Geophysics 36, 299-329.
    • Furbish D.J. & Andrews J.T. 1984. The use of hypsometry to indicated long-term stability and response of valley glaciers to changes in mass transfer. Journal of Glaciology 30, 199-211.
    • Gardner G.H.F., Gardner L.W. & Gregory A.R. 1974. Formation velocity and density-the diagnostic basics for stratigraphic traps. Geophysics 39, 770-780.
    • Glen J.W. & Paren J.G. 1975. The electrical properties of snow and ice. Journal of Glaciology 15, 15-38.
    • Gold L.W. 1958. Some observations on the dependence strain on stress for ice. Canadian Journal of Physics 36, 1265-1275.
    • Haskell N.A. 1953. The dispersion of surface waves in multilayered media. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 43, 17-34.
    • Hausmann H., Krainer K., Brückl E. & Mostler W. 2007. Internal structure and ice content of Reichenkar rock glacier (Stubai Alps, Austria) accessed by geophysical investigations. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 18, 351-367.
    • Hayashi K. & Suzuki H. 2004. CMP cross-correlation analysis of multi-channel surface-wave data. Exploration Geophysics 35, 7-13.
    • Jeon S.H. & Suh G.T. 2006. Atmospheric science. In S.M. Hong (ed.): Overwintering report of the 18th Korea Antarctic Research Program at King Sejong Station (Dec. 2004-Feb. 2006). Ansan: Korea Polar Research Institute.
    • King J.C. 1994. Recent climate variability in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology 14, 357-369.
    • Lee J.I., Hur S.D., Yoo C.M., Yeo J.P., Kim H., Hwang J., Choe M.Y., Nam S.H., Kim Y., Park B.-K., Zheng X. & López-Martínez J. 2002. Geologic map of Barton and Weaver peninsulas, King George Island, Antarctica (1 : 10,000). Ansan: Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute.
    • Lo T. & Inderwiesen P. 1994. Fundamentals of seismic tomography. Tulsa: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    • Looyenga H. 1965. Dielectric constants of heterogeneous mixture. Physika 31, 401-406.
    • Macheret Y.Y. & Glazovsky A.F. 2000. Estimation of absolute water content in Spitsbergen glaciers from radar sounding data. Polar Research 19, 205-216.
    • Mätzler C. & Wegmüller U. 1987. Dielectric properties of fresh-water ice at microwave frequencies. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 20, 1623-1630.
    • Moll A., Braun M. & Lluberas A. 2006. Determination of glacier velocities on King George Island (Antarctica) by DInSAR. In H. Lacoste & L. Ouwehand (eds.): Fringe 2005 Workshop, proceedings of the conference held 28 November-2 December, 2005 in Frascati, Italy. ESA SP-610. On CD-ROM. European Space Agency.
    • Murray T., Booth A. & Rippin D.M. 2007. Water-content of glacier-ice: limitations on estimates from velocity analysis of surface ground-penetrating radar surveys. Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics 12, 87-99.
    • Murray T., Stuart G.W., Fry M., Gamble N.H. & Crabtree M.D. 2000. Englacial water distribution in a temperate glacier from surface and borehole radar velocity analysis. Journal of Glaciology 46, 389-398.
    • Ødegård B.S., Hamran S.-E., Bø P.H., Etzelmüller B.E., Vatne G. & Sollid J.L. 1992. Thermal regime of a valley glacier, Erikbreen, northern Spitsbergen. Polar Research 11, 69-79.
    • Park C.B., Miller R.D. & Xia J. 1999. Multichannel analysis of surface waves. Geophysics 64, 800-808.
    • Poisson S.-D. 1828. Mémoire sur l'équilibre et le mouvement des corps élastiques. (The equilibrium and movement of elastic bodies.) Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences de l'Institut de France 8, 357-570.
    • Reynolds J.M. 1997. An introduction to applied and environmental geophysics. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
    • Prensky S.E. 1995. A review of gas hydrates and formation evaluation of hydrate-bearing reservoirs (paper GGG). Paper presented at the Society of Petrophysicists & Well Log Analysts Annual Logging Symposium, New Orleans, LA, USA, 1995 meeting of the Society of Professional Well Log Analysts, 16-19 June, Paris, France.
    • Rix G.J. & Leipski E.A. 1991. Accuracy and resolution of surface wave inversion. In S.K. Bhatia & G.W. Blaney (eds.): Recent advances in instrumentation, data acquisition and testing in soil dynamics. Pp. 17-32. Orlando, FL: American Society of Civil Engineers.
    • Saito H. 1989. Traveltimes and raypaths of first arrival seismic waves: computation method based on Huygens' principle. In: Expanded abstracts, 59th Annual International SEG Meeting. Pp. 244-247. Tulsa: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    • Sheriff R.E. 2002. Encyclopedic dictionary of applied geophysics. Tulsa: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    • Simões J.C., Bremer U.F., Aquino F.E. & Ferron F.A. 1999. Morphology and variations of glacial drainage basins in the King George Island ice field, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 29, 220-224.
    • Simões J.C., Ferron F.A., Bernardo R.T., Aristarain A.J., Stievenard M., Pouchet M. & Delmas R.J. 2004. Ice core study from King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. Pesquisa Antártica Brasileira 4, 9-23.
    • Smith B. & Evans S. 1972. Radio echo sounding absorption and scattering by water inclusion and ice lenses. Journal of Glaciology 11, 133-146.
    • Smith R.C., Stammerjohn S.E. & Baker K.S. 1996. Surface air temperature variations in the western Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Research Series 70, 105-121.
    • Stephenson W.J., Louie J.N., Pullammanappallil S., Williams R.A. & Odum J.K. 2005. Blind shear-wave velocity comparison of ReMi and MASW results with boreholes to 200 m in Santa Clara Valley: implications for earthquake ground-motion assessment. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 95, 2506-2516.
    • Stolt R.H. 1978. Migration by Fourier transform. Geophysics 4, 23-48.
    • Thomson W.T. 1950. Transmission of elastic waves through a stratified solid. Journal of Applied Physics 21, 89-93.
    • West L.J., Rippin D.M., Murray T., Mader H.M. & Hubbard B. 2007. Dielectric permittivity measurements on ice cores: implementations for interpretation of radar to yield glacial unfrozen water content. Journal of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics 12, 37-45.
    • Wyllie M.R.J., Gregory A.R. & Gardner L.W. 1956. Elastic wave velocities in heterogeneous and porous media. Geophysics 21, 41-70.
    • Xia J., Miller R.D. & Park C.B. 1999. Estimation of near-surface shear-wave velocity by inversion of Rayleigh waves. Geophysics 64, 691-700.
    • Xia J., Miller R.D., Park C.B., Hunter J.A., Harris J.B. & Ivanov J. 2002. Comparing shear-wave velocity profiles inverted from multichannel surface wave with borehole measurements. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 22, 181-190.
    • Yilmaz Ö. 2001. Seismic data analysis: processing, inversion and interpretation of seismic data. Tulsa: Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
    • Zwally H.J., Abdalati W., Herring T., Larson K., Saba J. & Steffen K. 2002. Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science 297, 218-222.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from