Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Qu, Wen J.; Zhang, Xiao Y.; Arimoto, Richard; Wang, Dan; Wang, Ya Q.; Yan, Li W.; Li, Yang (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
Concentrations of organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), selected trace elements and water-soluble (WS) ions were determined for samples collected from August 2004 to February 2005 to assess the aerosol background at two remote sites in China. The OC and EC concentrations in PM10 from near the Tibetan Plateau at Zhuzhang (ZUZ) were comparable with other background sites, averaging 3.1 and 0.34 μg m-3, respectively, with no pronounced seasonality. At Akdala (AKD) on northern margin of the Zhungaer Basin, the average concentrations were similar (mean OC = 2.9 μg m-3 and EC = 0.35 μg m-3), but the concentrations were higher in winter. The aerosol mass at both sites was dominated by OC and SO42-, but a stronger contribution from soil dust was observed at AKD. At ZUZ, NO3- showed a unique weather-related fluctuation in PM10 with a periodicity of ∼1 week. Anthropogenic sources in the Sichuan Basin and southeastern Yunnan Province evidently influence ZUZ in summer and autumn while pollutants from Russia and the China–Mongolia border affect AKD nearly all year. The identification of these upwind sources demonstrates that transboundary transport needs to be taken into account when assessing air quality in remote parts of China.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00342.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Arimoto, R., Snow, J. A., Graustein, W. C., Moody, J. L., Ray, B. J. and co-authors. 1999. Influences of atmospheric transport pathways on radionuclide activities in aerosol particles from over the North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 104, 21301-21316.
    • Arimoto, R., Hogan, A., Grube, P., Davis, D., Webb, J. and coauthors. 2004a. Major ions and radionuclides in aerosol particles from the South Pole during ISCAT-2000. Atmos. Environ. 38, 5473- 5484.
    • Arimoto, R., Zhang, X. Y., Huebert, B. J., Kang, C. H., Savoie, D. L. and co-authors. 2004b. Chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols from Zhenbeitai, China, and Gosan, South Korea, during ACE-Asia. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 109, D19S04, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004323.
    • Cao, G. L., Zhang, X. Y. and Zheng, F. C. 2006. Inventory of black carbon and organic carbon emissions from China. Atmos. Environ. 40, 6516-26527.
    • Chow, J. C. and Watson, J. G. 2002. PM2.5 carbonate concentrations at regionally representative Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environment sites. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 107(D21), 8344, doi: 10.1029/2001JD000574.
    • Dai, S. G. 1997. Environmental Chemistry. Higher Education Press, Beijing, pp. 64-75. (in Chinese)
    • Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D. 1998. An overview of the HYSPLIT 4 modelling system for trajectories, dispersion, and deposition. Aust. Meteorol. Mag. 47, 295-308.
    • Dusek, U. 2000. Secondary organic aerosol − Formation mechanisms and source contributions in Europe. (www.iiasa.ac.at) Interim Report IR-00-066. pp. 6.
    • Hidy, G. M. and Blanchard, C. L. 2005. The midlatitude North American background aerosol and global aerosol variation. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 55, 1585-1599.
    • Hitzenberger, R. and Tohno, S. 2001. Comparison of black carbon (BC) aerosols in two urban areas-concentrations and size distributions. Atmos. Environ. 35, 2153-2167.
    • Jain, M., Kulshrestha, U. C., Sarkar, A. K. and Parashar, D. C. 2000. Influence of crustal aerosols on wet deposition at urban and rural sites in India. Atmos. Environ. 34, 5129-5137.
    • Kaufman, Y. J., Tanre, D. and Boucher, O. 2002. A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature 419, 215-223.
    • Kim, Y. P., Moon, K. C., Shim, S. G., Lee, J. H., Kim, J. Y., and co-authors. 2000. Carbonaceous species in fine particles at the background sites in Korea between 1994 and 1999. Atmos. Environ. 34, 5053-5060.
    • Kriva´csy, Z. and Molna´r, A´ . 1998. Size distribution of ions in atmospheric aerosols. Atmos. Res. 46, 271-291.
    • Ma, J. Z., Tang, J., Li, S. M. and Jacobson, M. Z. 2003. Size distributions of ionic aerosols measured at Waliguan Observatory: Implication for nitrate gas-to-particle transfer processes in the free troposphere. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 108(D17), 4541, doi: 10.1029/2002JD003356.
    • Moody, J. L. and Galloway, J. N. 1988. Quantifying the relationship between atmospheric transport and the chemical composition of precipitation on Bermuda. Tellus 40B, 463-479.
    • Noguchi, I. and Hara, H. 2004. Ionic imbalance due to hydrogen carbonate from Asian dust. Atmos. Environ. 38, 6969-6976.
    • Song, Y. L., Zheng, S. H., Liu, Y. J. and Zhang, Y. S. 2005. Research on characteristics of air pollution in Beijing during 2000-2002. J. Appl. Meteorol. Sci. 16(suppl.), 116-122. (in Chinese)
    • Stohl, A. 1998. Computation, accuracy and applications of trajectoriesa review and bibliography. Atmos. Environ. 32, 947-966.
    • Taylor, S. R. and McLennan, S. M. 1995. The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Rev. Geophys. 33, 241-265.
    • Tang, J., Yu, X. L. and Xue, H. S. 2005. Observation of the water-soluble species in aerosols in summer in Lhasa area: Contribution of biomass burning emission. In: The eighth symposium on aerosol research and aerosol technology in China and cross the Taiwan Strait. pp. 355. (in Chinese)
    • Wang, T., Wong, C. H., Cheung, T. F., Blake, D. R., Arimoto R. and co-authors. 2004. Relationships of trace gases and aerosols and the emission characteristics at Lin'an, a rural site in eastern China, during spring 2001. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 109, D19S05, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004119.
    • Xu, J., Bergin, M. H., Yu, X., Liu, G., Zhao, J. and co-authors. 2002. Measurement of aerosol chemical, physical and radiative properties in the Yangtze delta region of China. Atmos. Environ. 36, 161- 173.
    • Xu, J., Bergin, M. H., Greenwald, R. and Russell, P. B. 2003. Direct aerosol radiative forcing in the Yangtze delta region of China: Observation and model estimation. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 108(D2), 4060, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002550.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Arimoto, R., An, Z. S., Chen, T., Zhang, G. Y. and coauthors. 1993. Atmospheric trace elements over source regions for Chinese dust: Concentrations, sources and atmospheric deposition on the Loess Plateau. Atmos. Environ. 27A, 2051-2067.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Cao, J. J., Li, L. M., Arimoto, R., Cheng, Y. and co-authors. 2002. Characterization of atmospheric aerosol over XiAn in the South Margin of the Loess Plateau, China. Atmos. Environ. 36, 4189- 4199.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Gong, S. L., Zhao, T. L., Arimoto, R., Wang, Y. Q. and coauthors. 2003a. Sources of Asian dust and role of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 2272, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018206.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Gong, S. L., Arimoto, R., Shen, Z. X., Mei, F. M. and coauthors. 2003b. Characterization and temporal variation of Asian dust aerosol from a site in the northern Chinese deserts. J. Atmos. Chem. 44, 241-257.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Wang, Y. Q., Wang, D., Gong, S. L., Arimoto, R. and coauthors. 2005. Characterization and sources of regional-scale transported carbonaceous and dust aerosols from different pathways in coastal and sandy land areas of China. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos. 110, D15301, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005457.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Zhuang, G. S. and Yuan, H. 2004. The dried salt-lakes saline soils sources of the dust storm in Beijing: The individual particles analysis and XPS surface structure analysis. China Environ. Sci. 24, 533-537. (in Chinese)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from