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Stempniewicz, Lech (1993)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Polar Research
Languages: English
Types: Article
During the second half of August 1992 polar bears were observed feeding intensively in the little auk Alle alle colony on Rubini Rock, Hooker Island, Frans Josef Land. They dug out nests eating eggs, chicks and adult birds. Their activity results in both worsening the breeding conditions and decreasing the breeding success of the little auks. The polar bear has not earlier been known as a little auk predator.
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    • Birkhead, T. R. & Hams, M.P. 1985: Ecological adaptations for breeding in the Atlantic Alcidae. Pp. 205-231 in Nettleship D. N. & Birkhead T. R. (eds.): The Atlantic Alcidae. Academic Press, London-Toronto. 574 pp.
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