Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bojariu, Roxana; Giorgi, Filippo (2005)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is a dominant pattern of large-scale variability in the Northern Hemisphere, with important regional effects on the winter climate of Europe. Nested regional climate models (RCMs) can be useful tools for studying the regional signal of the NAO. Therefore, it is important to assess whether they can reproduce the observed NAO signal over Europe when driven by lateral boundary conditions from global climate models. In this paper we investigate the NAO-related winter variability over Europe in a RCM simulation driven by large-scale fields from an atmospheric global model simulation forced with historic sea surface temperature and sea ice distribution for the period 1961–1990. We show that (1) the NAO-related winter variability signal over the European region shows substantial topographically induced fine-scale features, both for temperature and precipitation, and (2) the model is capable of reproducing many aspects of this fine-scale regional signal and, in particular, the topographically forced regional response of precipitation to NAO-type circulations. We conclude that nested regional climate models can be used to study the fine-scale regional signature of the NAO under different climatic conditions.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bojariu, R. and Gimeno, L. 2003. Predictability and numerical modelling of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Earth Sci. Rev. 63(1-2), 145-168.
    • Bojariu, R. and Paliu, D. 2001. North Atlantic Oscillation projection on Romanian climate fluctuations in the cold season. In: Detecting and Modelling Regional Climate Change and Associated Impacts (eds M. Brunet and D. Lopez). Springer, Berlin, 345-356.
    • Bojariu, R. and Reverdin, G. 2002. Large-scale variability modes of freshwater flux and precipitation over the Atlantic. Clim. Dynam. 18, 369-381.
    • Bretherton, C. S., Smith, C. and Wallace, J. M. 1992. An intercomparison methods for finding coupled patterns in climate data. J. Climate 5, 541-560.
    • Cayan, D. R. 1992. Latent and sensible heat flux anomalies over the northern oceans: the connection to monthly atmospheric circulation. J. Climate 5, 354-369.
    • Christensen, J. H., Carter, T. R. and Giorgi, F. 2002. PRUDENCE employs new methods to assess European climate change. EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Un. 83(13), 26.
    • Christensen, O. B., Christensen, J. H., Machenhauer, B. and Bozet, M. 1998. Very high resolution regional climate simulations over Scandinavia: present climate. J. Climate 11, 3204-3229.
    • Christensen, J. H., Machenhauer, B., Jones, R. G., Scha¨r, C., Ruti, P. M. and co-authors 1997. Validation of present-day regional climate simulations over Europe: LAM simulations with observed boundary conditions. Clim. Dynam. 13, 489-506.
    • Esteban-Parra, M. J., Rodrigo, F. S. and Castro-Diez, Y. 1998. Spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation in Spain for the period 1880-1992. Int. J. Climatol. 18, 1557-1574.
    • Giorgi, F., Bi, X. and Pal, J. S. 2004. Mean, interannual variability and trends in a regional climate change experiment over Europe. I: Present day climate (1961-1990). Clim. Dynam. 22, 733-756.
    • Giorgi, F., Bi, X. and Qian, Y. 2002. Direct radiative forcing and regional climatic effects of anthropogenic aerosols over East Asia: a regional coupled climate-chemistry/aerosol model study. J. Geophys. Res. 107, doi:101029/2001JD001066.
    • Giorgi, F., Bi, X. and Qian, Y. 2003. Indirect vs. direct effects of anthropogenic sulfate on the climate of East Asia as simulated with a regional coupled climate-chemistry/aerosol model. Climatic Change 58, 345-376.
    • Giorgi, F., Hurrell, J. W., Marinucci, M. R. and Beniston, M. 1997. Elevation signal in surface climate change: a model study. J. Climate 10, 288-296.
    • Giorgi, F. and Marinucci, M. R. 1996. Improvements in the simulation of the surface climatology of the European region with a nested modeling system. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 273-276.
    • Giorgi, F., Marinucci, M. R. and Bates, G. T. 1993a. Development of a second generation regional climate model (REGCM2). Part I: Boundary layer and radiative transfer processes. Mon. Weather Rev. 121, 2794-2813.
    • Giorgi, F., Marinucci, M. R., Bates, G. T. and DeCanio, G. 1993b. Development of a second generation regional climate model (REGCM2). Part II: Cumulus cloud and assimilation of lateral boundary conditions. Mon. Weather Rev. 121, 2814-2832.
    • Giorgi, F. and Mearns, L. O. 1991. Approaches to regional climate change simulation: a review. Rev. Geophys. 29, 191-216.
    • Giorgi, F. and Mearns, L. O. 1999. Introduction to special section: regional climate modeling revisited. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 6335-6352.
    • Goodess, C. M. and Jones, P. D. 2002. Links between circulation and changes in the characteristics of Iberian rainfall. Int. J. Climatol. 22, 1593-1615.
    • Hanssen-Bauer, I. and Førland, E. 2000. Temperature and precipitation variations in Norway 1900-1994 and their links to atmospheric circulation. Int. J. Climatol. 20, 1693-1708.
    • Hurrell, J. W. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: regional temperature and precipitation. Science 269, 676-679.
    • Ion-Bordei, N. 1988. Meteoclimatic Phenomena Induced by the Carpathian Configuration in the Romanian Plain. Academiei, Bucharest (in Romanian with abstract in English).
    • Jacob, D., Andrae, U., Elgered, G., Fortelius, C., Graham, L. P. and co-authors 2001. A comprehensive model intercomparison study investigating the water budget during the BALTEX-PIDCAP period. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 77(1-4), 19-43.
    • Jones, R. G., Murphy, J. M. and Noguer, M. 1995. Simulation of climate change over Europe using a nested regional climate model. I: Assessment of control climate, including sensitivity to location of lateral boundary conditions. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 121, 1414-1449.
    • Jones, R. G., Murphy, J. M., Noguer, M. and Keen, M. 1997. Simulation of climate change over Europe using a nested regional climate model. Comparison of driving and regional model responses to a doubling of carbon dioxide. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 123, 265-292.
    • Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D. and coauthors 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 77, 437-470.
    • Lamb, P. J. and Pepler, R. A. 1987. North Atlantic Oscillation and an application, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 68, 1218-1225.
    • Machenhauer, B., Wildenband, M., Bozet, M., Christensen, J. H., Deque, M. and co-authors 1998. Validation and Analysis of Regional Present Day Climate and Climate Change Simulations Over Europe, MPI Report No 275. Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg.
    • Martin-Vide, J. and Gomez, L. 1999. Regionalization of peninsular Spain based on the length of dry spells. Int. J. Climatol. 19, 537-555.
    • McGregor, J. J. 1997. Regional climate modeling. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 63, 105-117.
    • Mun˜ oz-D´ıaz, D. and Rodrigo, F. S. 2003. Effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the probability for climatic categories of local monthly rainfall in southern Spain. Int. J. Climatol. 23, 381-397.
    • New, M. G., Hulme, M. and Jones, P. D. 2000. Representing twentiethcentury space-time climate variability. Part II: Development of 1901- 1996 monthly grids of terrestrial surface climate. J. Climate 13, 2217- 2238.
    • Pal, J. S., Small, E. E. and Eltahir, E. A. B. 2000. Simulation of regionalscale water and energy budgets: representation of subgrid cloud and precipitation processes within RegCM. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 29 579- 29 594.
    • Pope, V. D., Gallani, M. L., Rowntree, P. R. and Stratton, R. A. 2000. The impact of new physical parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model-HadAM3. Clim. Dynam. 16, 123-146
    • Pozo-Va´zquez, D., Esteban-Parra, M. J., Rodrigo, F. S. and Castro-Diez, Y. 2001. A study of NAO variability and its possible non-linear influences on European surface temperature. Clim. Dynam. 17, 701-715.
    • Preisendorfer, R. W. 1988. Principal Component Analysis in Meteorology and Oceanography. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
    • Ra¨isa¨nen, J., Hansson, U., Ullerstig, A., Doscher, R., Graham, L. P. and co-authors 2004. European climate in the late twenty-first century: regional simulations with two driving global models and two forcing scenarios. Clim. Dynam. 22, 13-31.
    • Ra¨isa¨nen, J. and Joelsson, R. 2001. Changes in averages and extreme precipitation in two regional climate model experiments. Tellus 53A, 547-566.
    • Ra¨isa¨nen, J., Rummukainen, M. and Ullerstig, A. 2001. Downscaling of greenhouse gas induced climate change in two GCMs with the Rossby Centre regional climate model for northern Europe. Tellus 53A, 168- 191.
    • Rodo, X., Baert, E. and Comin, F. A. 1997. Variations in seasonal rainfall in Southern Europe during the present century: relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Nin n˜o-Southern Oscillation. Clim. Dynam. 13, 275-284.
    • Rodr´ıguez-Puebla, C., Encinas, A.H., Nieto, S. and Garmenia, J. 1998. Spatial and temporal patterns of annual precipitation variability over the Iberian Peninsula. Int. J. Climatol. 18, 299-316.
    • Rodr´ıguez-Puebla, C., Encinas, A. H. and Sa´enz, J. 2001. Winter precipitation over the Iberian peninsula and its relationship to circulation indices. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 5, 233-244.
    • Rodwell, M. J., Rowell, D. P. and Folland, C. K. 1999. Oceanic forcing of the wintertime North Atlantic oscillation and European climate. Nature, 398, 320-323.
    • Rogers, J. C. 1997. North Atlantic storm track variability and its association to the North Atlantic Oscillation and climate variability of northern Europe. J. Climate 10, 1635-1647.
    • Rotach, M. W., Marinucci, M. R., Wild, M., Tschuck, P., Ohmura, A. and co-author 1997. Nested regional simulation of climate change over the Alps for the scenario of a doubled greenhouse forcing. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 57 209-227.
    • Sa´enz, J., Zubillaga, J. and Rodr´ıguez-Puebla, C. 2001. Interannual variability of winter precipitation in the northern Iberian Peninsula. Int. J. Climatol. 21, 1503-1513.
    • Schmidli, J., Schmutz, C., Frei, c., Wanner, H. and Schaer, C. 2002. Mesoscale precipitation variability in the region of the European Alps during the 20th century. Int. J. Climatol. 22, 1049-1074.
    • Sneyers, R. 1990. On the Statistical Analysis of Series of Observations. WMO Technical Note 143. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 6-15.
    • Solonosky, V. C., Jones, P. D. and Davies, T. D. 2001. Atmospheric circulation and surface temperature in Europe from the 18th century to 1995. Int. J. Climatol. 21, 63-75.
    • Tomozeiu, R., Lazzeri, M. and Cacciamani, C. 2002. Precipitation fluctuations during the winter season from 1960 to 1995 over EmiliaRomagna, Italy. Theor. Appl. Climatol 72, 221-229.
    • Ulbrich, U., Christoph, M., Pinto, J. G. and Corte-Real, J. 1999. Dependence of winter precipitation over Portugal on NAO and baroclinic wave activity. Int. J. Climatol. 19, 379-392.
    • Uvo, C. B. 2003. Analysis and regionalization of northern European winter precipitation based on its relationship with the North Atlantic oscillation. Int. J. Climatol. 23, 1185-1194.
    • Van Loon, H. and Rogers, J. C. 1978. The see-saw in winter temperatures between Greenland and Northern Europe. Part I: General description. Mon. Weather Rev. 106, 293-310.
    • Von Storch, H. 1995. Spatial patterns: EOFs and CCA. In: Analysis of Climate Variability: Applications of Statistical Techniques (eds H. von Storch and A. Navarra). Springer, Berlin, 227-258.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from