Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Huang, Mei; Ji, Jinjun; Li, Kerang; Liu, Yunfeng; Yang, Fengting; Tao, Bo (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
Since 1980s, afforestation in China has led to the establishment of over 0.53 × 108 ha of new plantation forests. While this leads to rapid accumulation of carbon (C) in vegetation, the effects of afforestation on soil C are poorly understood. In this study, a new version of the Atmosphere-Vegetation Interaction Model (AVIM2) was used to examine how changes in plant C inputs following afforestation might lead to changes in soil C at one of the Chinaflux sites and to estimate the effect of afforestation on ex-grassland. The potential total C accumulation of tree plantation was also predicted. The model was calibrated by net ecosystem exchange (NEE), ecosystem respiration (RE) and gross primary production (GPP) based on eddy-covariance measurements. The simulated vegetation C and soil C stocks were compared with the filed observations. The simulates indicate that after 22 yr of conversion of grassland to needle leaf forests (Pinus massoniana and Pinus elliottii), the net carbon accumulation in tree ecosystem was 1.96 times more than that in grassland. The soil C in the initial 7 yr of planting decreased at a rate of 0.1871 kg C m-2 yr-1, and after that it increased at a rate of 0.090 kg C m-2 yr-1. The C accumulation in the studied plantation ecosystem is estimated to be 76–81% of that value in equilibrium state (the net ecosystem productivity approaches to zero). Sensitivity analyses show that conversion from grassland to plantation caused an initial (7 or 8 yr) periods of decrease in soil C stocks in wider red soil area of southern China. The soil C stocks were reduced between 19.2 and 20.4% in the initial decreasing period. After 7 or 8 yr C loss, the increased in soil C stocks was predicted to be between 0.073 and 0.074 kg C m-2 yr-1.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00280.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Baldocchi, D. D. 1994. An analytical solution for coupled leaf photosynthesis and stomatal conductance models. Tree Physiol. 14, 1069- 1079.
    • Bolin, B. and Sukumar, R. 2000. Global perspective. In: Land Use, LandUse Change, and Forestry. A Special Report of the IPCC (eds.R. T. Watson, I. R. Noble, B. Bolin, N. H. Ravindranath, D. J. Verardo, and D. J. Dokken). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 23-51.
    • Cao, M. and Woodward, F. I., 1998. Net primary and ecosystem production and carbon stocks of terrestrial ecosystems and their responses to climate change. Global Change Biol. 4, 185-198.
    • Cuevas, E., Brown, S. and Lugo, A. E., 1991. Above and belowground organic matter storage and production in a tropical pine plantation and a paired broadleaf secondary forest. Plant Soil 135, 257-68.
    • Farquhar, G. D., Caemmerer, S. and Berry, J. A., 1980. A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 plants. Planta 149, 78-90.
    • Farley, K. A., Kelly, E. F. and Hofstede, R. G. M., 2004. Soil organic carbon and water retention after conversion of grasslands to pine plantations in the Ecuadorian Andes. Ecosystems 7, 729-739.
    • Foley, J. A., Prentice, I. C., Ramankutty, N., Levis, S., Pollard, D. and co-authors. 1996. An integrated biosphere model of land surface process, terrestrial carbon balance and vegetation dynamics. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 10, 603-628.
    • Grigal, D. F. and Berguson, W. E., 1998. Soil carbon changes associated with short-rotation systems. Biol. Bioeng. 14(4), 371-377.
    • Gu, F. X., Cao, M. K., Wen, X. F., Liu, Y. F. and Tao, B. 2006. A comparison between simulated and measured CO2 and water flux in a sub-tropical coniferous forest. Sci. China Ser. D 49(Suppl. II), 241- 251.
    • Guo, L. B. and Gifford, R. M. 2002. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: a meta analysis. Global Change Biol. 8, 345-360.
    • Harmon, M. E., Ferrell, W. K. and Franklin, J. F. 1990. Effects on carbon storage of conversion of old-growth forests to young forests. Science 247, 699-702.
    • Haxeltine, A. and Prentice, I. C. 1996. BIOME3: An equilibrium terrestrial biosphere model based on ecophysiological constraints, resource availability, and competition among plant functional types. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10(4), 693-709.
    • He, Y. Q., Shen, Q. R. and Wang, X. X., 2003. Dynamic of nutrients in artificial forest soil in low hill red soil region (In Chinese). Soils 35(3), 222-226.
    • Jackson, R. B., Banner, J. L., Jobba´gy, E. G., Pockman, W. T. and Walls, D. H. 2002. Ecosystem carbon loss with woody plant invasion of grasslands. Nature 418, 623-626.
    • Ji, J. J. and Hu, Y. 1989. A simple land surface process model for use in climate study. Acta Meteorol. Sin. 3, 344-353.
    • Ji, J. J. and Yu, L. 1999. A simulation study of coupled feedback mechanism between physical and biogeochemical processes at the surface (In Chinese). Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 23(4), 439-448.
    • Ji, J. J., 1995. A climate-vegetation interaction model: simulating physical and biological processes at the surface. J. Biogeogr. 22, 2063- 2069.
    • Kaye, J. P., Resh, S. C., Kaye, M. W. and Chimner, R. A. 2000. Nutrient and carbon dynamics in a replacement series of Eucalyptus and Albizia trees. Ecology 81(12), 3267-273.
    • Li, X. R., Liu, Q. J., Cai, Z. and Ma, Z. Q. 2006. Leaf area index measurement of Pinus elliotii plantation (In Chinese). Acta Ecol. Sin. 26(12), 4099-4105.
    • Li, L. H., 1998. Effects of land-use change on soil carbon storage in grassland ecosystems (In Chinese). Acta Phytoecol. Sin. 22(4), 300- 302.
    • Li, X. R., Liu, Q. J., Chen, Y. R., Hu, L. L. and Yang, F. T. 2006. Above-ground biomass of three conifers in Qianyanzhou plantation (In Chinese). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 17(8), 1382-1388.
    • Li, Z. P. and Wang, X. J., 2000. Analysis and devaluation of soil organic matter dynamics at a little region scale (In Chinese). Sci. Geograph. Sin. 20(2), 45-50.
    • Li, Z., Sun, B. and Zhao, Q. G., 2001. Density and storage of soil organic carbon in East China (In Chinese). Agro-Environ. Protection 20(6), 385-389.
    • Liu, Y. F., Li, J. Y., Chen, Y. R. and Lin, Y. M., 2001. The effect of afforestation on vegetation and soil moisture (In Chinese). J. Nat. Resour. 16(5), 457-460.
    • Liu, Y. F., Yu, G. R., Wen, X. F. and co-authors, 2006. Seasonal dynamics of CO2 fluxes from sub-tropical plantation coniferous ecosystem. Sci. China Ser. D 49(Suppl. II), 99-109.
    • Lu, J. and Ji, J. 2002. A simulation study of atmosphere-vegetation interactions over the Tibetan Plateau. Part I Physical fluxes and parameters (In Chinese). Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 26(1), 111-126.
    • Lu, J. and Ji, J. 2006. A simulation and mechanism analysis of long-term variations at land surface over arid/semi-arid area in north China. J. Geophys. Res. 111(d9): D09306, 1-19.
    • Ni, J. 1996. Estimate of the net primary productivity for subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest in China (In Chinese). Chin. J. Ecol. 15(6), 1-8.
    • Parton, W. J., Schimel, D. S., Cole, C. V. and Ojima, D. S., 1987. Division S-3-soil microbiology and biochemistry, Analysis of factors controlling soil organic matter levels in great plains grasslands. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 51, 1173-1179.
    • Parton, W. J., Scurlock, J. M. O., Ojima, D. S. and co-authors, 1993. Observations and modelling of biomassand soil organic matter dynamics for the grassland biome worldwide. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 7, 785-809.
    • Paul, K. I., Polglase, P. J. and Richards, G. P., 2003. Sensitivity analysis of predicted change in soil carbon following afforestation. Ecol. Model. 164, 137-152.
    • Paul, K. I., Polglase, P. J., Nyakuengama, J. G. and Khanna, P. K., 2002. Change in soil carbon following afforestation. Forest Ecol. Manag. 168, 241-257.
    • Ren, H., Peng, S. L. and Xiang, Y. C., 2000. Biomass and net primary productivity in an acacia mangium plantation in Heshan, Guangdong, China. Acta Phytoecol. Sin. 24(1), 18-21.
    • Schulze, E., Wirth, C. and Heimann, M. 2000. Managing forests after Kyoto. Science 289, 2058-2059.
    • Sellers, P. J., Randall, D. A., Collatz, G. J. and co-authors, 1996. A revised land surface parameterization (SIB2) for atmospheric GCMs. Part 1. Model formulation. J. Climate 9, 676-705.
    • Song, X., Liu, Y. F., Xu, X. F., Yu, G. R. and Wen, X. F. 2004. Comparison study on carbon dioxide, water and heat fluxes of the forest ecosystem in red earth hilly zone over winter and spring (In Chinese). Resour. Sci. 26(3), 96-104.
    • Turner, J. and Lambert, M. 2000. Change in organic carbon in forest plantation soils in eastern Australia. For. Ecol. Mgmt. 133, 231-247.
    • Wang, X. J. and Gong, Z. 1998. Assessment and prediction of soil changes under different land use patterns at a small area level in red soil hilly region (In Chinese). Acta Pedologica Sinica 35(1), 135- 139.
    • Wang, Y.-P. and Leuning, R. 1998. A two-leaf model for canopy conductance, photosynthesis and partitioning of available energy I: model description and comparison with a multi-layered model.Agric. For. Meteorol. 91, 89-111.
    • Woodward, F. I., Smith, T. M. and Emanuel, W. R. 1995. A global land primary productivity and phytogeography. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 9(4), 471-490.
    • Wu, J. G., Zhang, X. Q. and Xu, D. Y., 2004. Impact of land use change on soil carbon storage (In Chinese). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 15(4), 593- 599.
    • Xiao, X. W. (ed.), 2005. Atlas of Forest Resources of China. China Forestry Press, Beijing.
    • Xie, X. L., Sun, B., Zhou, H., Li, Z. P. and Li, A. 2004. Organic carbon density and storage in soils of China and spatial analysis (In Chinese). Acta Pedologica Sinca. 41(1), 35-43.
    • Yang, F. T., 2005. The effect of land-use change on the terrestrial carbon cycle: an example of Qian Yanzhou red earth hilly area. PhD Dissertation. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, CN.
    • Yang, J. C., Han, X. G., Huang, J. H. and Pan, Q. M., 2003. Effects of land use change on carbon storage in terrestrial ecosystem. Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 14(8), 1385-1390.
    • Yu, G., Wen, X., Li, Q., Zhang, L., Ren, C. and co-authors. 2005. Seasonal patterns and environmental control of ecosystem respiration in subtropical and temperate forests in China. Sci. China, Ser. D 48(Suppl.), 93-105.
    • Yu, Z. Y., Yang, Y. S. and Chen, G. H., 2004. Changes of carbon storage and carbon sequestration in plantation ecosystems on purple soil (In Chinese). Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 15(10), 1837-1841.
    • Zhao, M. and Zhou, G. S., 2005. Estimation of biomass and net primary productivity of major planted forests in China based on forest inventory data. Forest Ecol. Manage. 207, 295-313.
    • Zhou, G. S., Zheng, Y. R., Chen, S. Q. and Luo, T. X., 1998. NPP model of natural vegetation and its application in China (In Chinese). Scientia Silvae Sinicae 34(5), 1-11.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from