Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ha, Kyung-Ja; Mahrt, Larry (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
This study examines the relative contributions of turbulent and radiative flux divergences to nocturnalcooling by analyzing data from the 60-m flux tower in CASES99 and using an offline model of theradiative flux. The sensitivity of radiative cooling to structure of the atmosphere near the surface is firstexamined in terms of artificial profiles. In general, the radiative cooling is proportional to the negativecurvature of the temperature profile, magnitude of the specific humidity and the deficit of the groundsurface temperature. For the days examined, the radiative flux divergence appears to control the initialformation of the surface inversion at the beginning of the night when the turbulence collapses.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.2003.00031.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Acevedo, O. C. and Fitzjarrald, D. R. 2001. The early evening surface-layer transition: Temporal and spatial variability. J. Atmos. Sci. 58, 2650-2667.
    • Andre´, J.-C. and Mahrt, L. 1982. The nocturnal surface inversion and influence of clear-air radiative cooling. J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 864-878.
    • Blumen, W. 1999. CASES99 Field Catalog, http://www. joss.ucar.edu/cases99/catalog.
    • Burns, S., Sun, J., Delay, A. C., Horst, T. W. and Oncley, S. P. 2003. A field intercomparison technique to improve the relative accuracy of longwave radiation measurements and an evaluation of CASES-99 pyrgeometer data quality. J. Atm. Ocean. Technol. 20, 348- 361.
    • Delage, Y., Bartlett, P. A. and McCaughey, J. H. 2002. Study of “soft” night-time surface-layer decoupling over forest canopies in a land surface model. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 103, 253-276.
    • Duynkerke, P. 1999. Turbulence, radiation and fog in Dutch stable boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 90, 447- 477.
    • Estournel, C. and Guedalia, D. 1985. Influence of geostrophic wind on atmospheric nocturnal cooling. J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2695-2698.
    • Garratt, J. R. and Brost, R. A. 1981. Radiative cooling effects within and above the nocturnal boundary layer. J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 2730-2746.
    • Kiehl, J. T. and Briegleb, B. P. 1991. A new parameterization of the absorptance due to the 15 µ m band system of carbon dioxide. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9013-9019.
    • Kondo, J., Kanechika, O. and Yasuda, N. 1978. Heat and momentum transfers under strong stability in the atmospheric surface layer. J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 1012-1021.
    • Mahrt, L. 1999. Stratified atmospheric boundary layers. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 90, 375-396.
    • Mahrt, L., Vickers, D., Nakamura, R., Sun, J., Burns, S., Lenschow, D. and Soler, M. 2001. Shallow drainage and gully flows. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 101, 243-260.
    • Mahrt, L. and Vickers, D. 2002. Contrasting vertical structures of nocturnal boundary layers. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 105, 351-363.
    • Maki, M., Harimaya, T. and Kikuchi, K. 1986. Heat budget studies on nocturnal cooling in a basin. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 64, 727-741.
    • Ohya, Y., Neff, D. E. and Meroney, R. N. 1997. Turbulence structure in a stratified boundary layer under stable conditions. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 83, 139-161.
    • Poulos, G. S., Blumen, W., Fritts, D., Lundquist, J., Sun, J., Burns, S., Nappo, C., Banta, R., Newsome, R., Cuxart, J., Terradellas, E., Balsley, B. and Jensen, M. 2002. CAESE99: A comprehensive investigation of the stable nocturnal boundary layer. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 83, 555-581.
    • Ramanathan, V. and Downey, P. 1986. A nonisothermal emissivity and absorptivity formulation for water vapor. J. Geophys. Res. 91, 8649-8666.
    • Ra¨isa¨nen, P. 1996. The effect of vertical resolution on clearsky radiation calculations: tests with two schemes. Tellus 48, 403-423.
    • Savija¨rvi, H. 1990. Fast radiation parameterization schemes for mesoscale and short-range forecast models. J. Appl. Meteorol. 20, 437-447.
    • Smedman, A. S. 1988. Observation of a multi-level turbulence structure in a very stable atmospheric boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 44, 231-253.
    • Soler, M. R., Infante, C., Buenestado, P. and Mahrt L. 2002. Observations of Nocturnal Drainage Flow. BoundaryLayer Meteorol. 105, 253-273.
    • Stull, R. B. 1988. An introduction to boundary layer meteorology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 666 pp.
    • Sun, J., Burns, S., Delany, A., Horst, T., Oncley, S. and Lenschow, D. 2003. Heat balance in nocturnal boundary layers. J. Appl. Meteorol., in press.
    • Sun, J., Burns, S., Lenschow, D., Banta, R., Newsom, R., Coulter, R., Frasier, S., Ince, T., Nappo, C., Cuxart, J., Blumen, W., Lee, X. and Hu, X.-Z. 2002. Intermittent Turbulence Associated with a density current passage in the stable boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 105, 199-219.
    • Tjemkes, S. and Duynkerke, P. 1989. The nocturnal boundary layer: Model calculations compared with observation. J. Appl. Meteorol. 28, 161-175.
    • Vickers, D. and Mahrt, L. 1997. Quality control and flux sampling problems for tower and aircraft data. J. Atm. Ocean. Technol. 14, 512-526.
    • Vickers, D. and Mahrt, L. 2003. The cospectral gap and turbulent flux calculations J. Atm. Ocean. Technol. 20, 660- 670.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok