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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Collis, P. N.; Rietveld, M. T. (1998)
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Geophysics. Cosmic physics, Q, [SDU.OCEAN] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Ocean, Atmosphere, [SDU.STU] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences, Science, Physics, QC1-999, QC801-809

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Physics::Space Physics, Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
Mesospheric observations were obtained by the EISCAT UHF and VHF radars during the solar proton event of March 1990. We present the first comparison of incoherent-scatter spectral measurements from the middle mesosphere using simultaneous, co-located observations by the two radars. VHF spectra observed with a vertical antenna were found to be significantly narrower than model predictions, in agreement with earlier UHF results. For antenna pointing directions that were significantly away from the vertical, the wider VHF radar beam gave rise to broadening of the observed spectra due to vertical shears in the horizontal wind. In this configuration, UHF spectral measurements were found to be more suitable for aeronomical applications. Both radar systems provide consistent and reliable estimates of the neutral wind. Spectral results using both the multipulse and pulse-to-pulse schemes were intercompared and their suitability for application to combined mesosphere – lower thermosphere studies investigated.

Key words. Mesophere · Lower thermosphere · EISCAT UHF radar · EISCAT VHF radar
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