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S. S. Vlasenko; H. Su; U. Pöschl; M. O. Andreae; E. F. Mikhailov (2017)
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: TA170-171, Earthwork. Foundations, Environmental engineering, TA715-787
A tandem arrangement of Differential Mobility Analyzer and Humidified Centrifugal Particle Mass Analyzer (DMA-HCPMA) was developed to measure the deliquescence and efflorescence thresholds and the water uptake of submicron particles over the relative humidity (RH) range from 10 % to 95 %. The hygroscopic growth curves obtained for Ammonium sulfate and sodium chloride test aerosols are consistent with thermodynamic model predictions and literature data. The DMA-HCPMA system was applied to measure the hygroscopic properties of urban aerosol particles, and the kappa mass interaction model (KIM) was used to characterize and parameterize the concentration-dependent water uptake observed in the 50–95 % RH range. For DMA-selected 160 nm dry particles (mass of 3.5 fg), we obtained a volume-based hygroscopicity parameter κv ≈ 0.2, which is consistent with literature data for freshly emitted urban aerosols.

Overall, our results show that the DMA-HCPMA system can be used to measure size-resolved mass growth factors of atmospheric aerosol particles upon hydration and dehydration up to 95 % RH. The direct measurements of humidified particle mass allow avoiding complications that occur in the commonly used mobility-diameter-based HTDMA technique due to poorly defined particle morphology and density.
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