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Castro, L.; Dommergue, A.; Larose, C.; Ferrari, C.; Maron, L. (2010)
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Geophysics. Cosmic physics, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences, GE1-350, G, DOAJ:Environmental Sciences, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, Environmental sciences, QC801-809
Methylation reactions of gaseous elementary mercury by halogen containing molecules such as halogenomethane species CH<sub>3</sub>X (with X=Cl, Br and I) and the dimethylchlorinium ion CH<sub>3</sub>ClCH<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup> were investigated at the DFT level. With CH<sub>3</sub>X, the reaction is predicted to be almost athermic and kinetically demanding for a thermal reaction. The reaction can proceed photochemically in the visible range; therefore sunlight may increase the reaction rate. These results compare well with the experimental data. Consecutive methylation of the CH<sub>3</sub>HgX products (with X=Cl, Br and I) and subsequent formation of CH<sub>3</sub>HgCH<sub>3</sub> were also studied. These reactions are predicted to be kinetically inaccessible and thermodynamically unfavorable. With CH<sub>3</sub>ClCH<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup>, the reaction is predicted to be athermic but kinetically easy. This is due to the suitability of the methyl transfer reagent. Geometrical and electronic data were systematically analyzed in order to rationalize the results.
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