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Hoogakker, Babette A. A.; Smith, Robin S.; Singarayer, Joy; Marchant, Robert; Prentice, I. Colin; Allen, Judy R. M.; Anderson, R. Scott; Bhagwat, Shonil A.; Behling, Hermann; Borisova, Olga; Bush, Mark B.; Correa-Metrio, Alexander; De Vernal, Anne; Finch, Jemma M.; Fréchette, Bianca; Lozano-García, Socorro; Gosling, William D.; Granoszewski, Wojciech; Grimm, Eric C.; Grüger, Eberhard; Hanselman, Jennifer; Harrison, Sandy P.; Hill, Trevor R.; Huntley, Brian; Jimenez-Moreno, Gonzalo; Kershaw, Arnold Peter; Ledru, Marie-Pierre; Magri, Donatella; McKenzie, Merna; Müller, Ulrich ... view all 41 authors View less authors (2016)
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: PRETORIA SALTPAN, POLLEN-BASED RECONSTRUCTIONS, Geology, MILLENNIAL-SCALE VARIABILITY, TD169-171.8, VEGETATION RECORDS, Terrestrial biosphere changes, Physical Sciences, PLANT MACROFOSSIL DATA, Paleontology, GE1-350, GLACIAL-MAXIMUM, C-14 YR BP, LATE-PLEISTOCENE, 0406 Physical Geography And Environmental Geoscience, Environmental protection, RAPID CLIMATE-CHANGE, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, ATMOSPHERIC CARBON-DIOXIDE, Science & Technology, Environmental pollution, TD172-193.5, Environmental sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
ddc: ddc:550
© 2016 Author(s). A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.
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    Terrestrial biosphere change over the last 120 kyr