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S. R. Wilson (2014)
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Journal: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Chemistry, Geophysics. Cosmic physics, QD1-999, Physics, GE1-350, G, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, Environmental sciences, QC1-999, QC801-809
Estimates of the rate of production of excited oxygen atoms due to the photolysis of ozone J(O1D) have been derived from radiation measurements carried out at Cape Grim, Tasmania (40.6° S, 144.7° E). These estimates agree well with measurements made during SOAPEX-II and with model estimates of clear sky photolysis rates. Observations spanning 2000–2005 have been used to quantify the impact of season, cloud and ozone column amount. The annual cycle of J(O1D) has been investigated via monthly means. These means show an inter-annual variation (monthly standard deviation) of 9%, but in midsummer and midwinter this reduces to 3–4%. Factors dependent upon solar zenith angle and satellite derived total ozone column explain 87% of the observed signal variation of the individual measurements. The impact of total column ozone, expressed as a Radiation Amplification Factor (RAF), is found to be ~1.45, in agreement with model estimates. This ozone dependence explains 20% of the variation observed at medium solar zenith angles (30–50°). The impact of clouds results in a median reduction of 14% in J(O1D) for the same solar zenith angle range. At all solar zenith angles less than 50° approximately 10% of measurements show enhanced J(O1D) due to cloud scattering and this fraction climbs to 25% at higher solar angles. Including estimates of cloudiness derived from Long Wave Radiation measurements resulted in a statistically significant fit to observations but the quality of the fit did not increase significantly as measured by the reduced R2.