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Sharma , D.; Das Gupta , A.; Babel , M. S. (2007)
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences, [ SDU.ENVI ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Continental interfaces, environment, [ SDU.OCEAN ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Ocean, Atmosphere, G, Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, Technology, Physical geography, TD1-1066, [ SDU.STU ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth Sciences, DOAJ:Geography, T, GE1-350, DOAJ:Environmental Sciences, GB3-5030, Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering, Environmental sciences
Global Climate Models (GCMs) precipitation scenarios are often characterized by biases and coarse resolution that limit their direct application for basin level hydrological modeling. Bias-correction and spatial disaggregation methods are employed to improve the quality of ECHAM4/OPYC SRES A2 and B2 precipitation for the Ping River Basin in Thailand. Bias-correction method, based on gamma-gamma transformation, is applied to improve the frequency and amount of raw GCM precipitation at the grid nodes. Spatial disaggregation model parameters (&beta;,&sigma;<sup>2</sup>), based on multiplicative random cascade theory, are estimated using Mandelbrot-Kahane-Peyriere (MKP) function at q=1 for each month. Bias-correction method exhibits ability of reducing biases from the frequency and amount when compared with the computed frequency and amount at grid nodes based on spatially interpolated observed rainfall data. Spatial disaggregation model satisfactorily reproduces the observed trend and variation of average rainfall amount except during heavy rainfall events with certain degree of spatial and temporal variations. Finally, the hydrologic model, HEC-HMS, is applied to simulate the observed runoff for upper Ping River Basin based on the modified GCM precipitation scenarios and the raw GCM precipitation. Precipitation scenario developed with bias-correction and disaggregation provides an improved reproduction of basin level runoff observations.
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