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Drosoglou, Theano; Bais, Alkiviadis F.; Zyrichidou, Irene; Kouremeti, Natalia; Poupkou, Anastasia; Liora, Natalia; Giannaros, Christos; Koukouli, Maria Elissavet; Balis, Dimitris; Melas, Dimitrios (2016)
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
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The main issue arising from the comparison of ground-based and satellite measurements is the difference in spatial representativeness, which for locations with inhomogeneous spatial distribution of pollutants may lead to significant differences between the two datasets. In order to investigate the spatial variability of tropospheric NO2 within a sub-satellite pixel, a campaign which was lasted for about six months was held at the greater area of Thessaloniki, Greece. Three DOAS/MAX-DOAS systems performed measurements of tropospheric NO2 columns at different sites representative of urban, sub-urban and rural conditions. The direct comparison of these ground-based measurements with corresponding OMI/Aura and GOME-2/MetOp-A and GOME2/MetOp-B products showed good agreement only over the rural area. GOME2A and GOME2B sensors show an average underestimation of tropospheric NO2 over the urban area of about 9.12 ± 7.33 × 1015 and 9.58 ± 8.21 × 1015 molecules cm−2, respectively. The mean difference between ground-based and OMI observations is significantly lower (6.03 ± 6.04 × 1015 molecules cm−2), mainly due to the higher spatial resolution of OMI. OMI data were adjusted using factors calculated by an air quality modelling tool, consisting of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale meteorological model and the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with Extensions (CAMx) multi-scale photochemical transport model. This approach resulted to significant improvement of the comparisons over the urban monitoring site. The average negative difference of OMI observations from Phaethon measurements was reduced to 1.15 ± 6.32 × 1015 molecules cm−2.
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