Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
K. E. Mickle (2017)
Publisher: Copernicus Publications
Journal: Fossil Record
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Paleontology, QE701-760
The Lower Carboniferous Albert shale formation of New Brunswick, Canada, is well-known for the preservation of countless articulated lower actinopterygian palaeoniscoid fishes. This site is at the boundary between the Devonian and the Lower Carboniferous, making the lower actinopterygians preserved at this site important. The taxonomic history of previously described Albert shale formation actinopterygians is reviewed here. Many of the earliest described actinopterygian taxa from the Albert Formation are represented by poorly preserved type specimens and have the distinction of being moved from one paraphyletic genus to another paraphyletic genus. While these taxa are in need of major redescriptions, such work is premature until the large paraphyletic or polyphyletic genera they have been placed in, Palaeonicus[m], Rhadinichthys, and Elonichthys, are redescribed. But there is new diversity within the Albert shale formation. Here, a new lower actinopterygian species, Lambeia pectinatus, is described from one well-preserved specimen. This new species is characterized by dorsal ridge scales with pectinated posterior margins, body scales inserted between adjacent dorsal ridge scales, body scales with pectinated posterior and ventral margins, the presence of a ventral rostro-premaxilla and a median rostral bone, a separate and distinct antorbital bone, and a single supraorbital bone. This newly described species is distinct from previously described fishes from the Albert Formation, and the morphology of this newly described species is more similar to later Carboniferous fishes rather than Devonian fishes. This suggests that morphological features commonly seen in Carboniferous fishes and rarely seen in Devonian fishes were present early in the Carboniferous.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Agassiz, J. L. R.: Recherches sur les Poissons Fossiles, Neuchâtel et Soleure, Petitpierre, 2, part 1:XII C 306 pp., 1833-43.
    • Arratia, G.: Actinopterygian postcranial skeleton with special reference to the diversity of fin ray elements, and the problem of identifying homologies, in: Mesozoic Fishes 4 - Homology and Phylogeny, vol. 4, edited by: Arratia, G., Schultze, H.-P., and Wilson, M. V. H., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 49-101, 2008.
    • Arratia, G. and Cloutier, R.: Reassessment of the morphology of Cheirolepis canadensis (Actinopterygii), in: Devonian Fishes and Plants of Miguasha, Quebec, Canada, edited by: Schultze, H.-P. and Cloutier, R., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 165- 197, 1996.
    • Bailey, L. W. and Ells, R. W.: Report on the Lower Carboniferous belt of Albert and Westmorland counties, N. B., including the Albert Shales, Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Progress for 1876-77, 1878.
    • Bailey, L. W., Matthew, G. F., and Ells, R. W.: Report on the geology of southern New Brunswick, etc., Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Progress for 1878-1879, 1880.
    • Choo, B., Long, J. A., and Trinajstic, K.: A new genus and species of basal actinopterygian fish from the Upper Devonian Gogo Formation of Western Australia, Acta Zool.-Stockholm, 90, 194- 210, 2009.
    • Coates, M. I.: New actinopterygian fish from the Namurian Manse Burn Formation of Bearsden, Scotland, Palaeontology, 36, 123- 146, 1993.
    • Coates, M. I.: Endocranial preservation of a Carboniferous actinopterygian from Lancashire, UK, and the interrelationships of primitive actinopterygians, Philos. T. R. Soc. Lon B, 354, 435- 462, 1999.
    • Cope, E. D.: Contribution to the ichthyology of the Lesser Antilles, T. Am. Philos. Soc., 14, 445-483, 1871.
    • Daeschler, E. B.: An early actinopterygian fish from the Catskill Formation (Late Devonian, Famennian) in Pennsylvania, P. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 150, 181-192, 2000.
    • Dawson, J. W.: Carboniferous fishes of New Brunswick, Canadian Naturalist, 2nd series, 8, 337-340, 1877.
    • Dawson, J. W.: Supplement to the Second Edition of Acadian Geology, containing additional facts as to the geological structure, fossil remains, and mineral resources of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, MacMillan and Co., London, 1-103, 1878.
    • Ducrotay de Blainville, H. M.: Poissons Fossils Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Historie Naturelle, Paris, XXVII, 1818.
    • Dunkle, D. H:. Preliminary description of a palaeoniscoid fish from the Upper Devonian of Ohio, Scientific Publications of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 3, 1-24, 1964.
    • Dunkle, D. H. and Schaeffer, B.: Tegeolepis clarki (Newberry), a palaeonisciform from the Upper Devonian Ohio Shale, Palaeontogr. Abt. A, 143, 151-158, 1973.
    • Eastman, C. R.: Devonian Fishes of Iowa, Iowa Geological Survey 18, 29-386. 1908.
    • Ells, R. W.: The Albert Shale deposits of Albert and Westmorland Counties, N. B. Summary Report of the Geological Survey Department for 1902, Geological Survey of Canada, 1903.
    • Gardiner, B. G.: Namaichthys schroederi Gürich and other Palaeozoic fishes from South Africa, Palaeontology 5, 9-21, 1962.
    • Gardiner, B. G.: Certain palaeoniscoid fishes and the evolution of the actinopterygian snout, B. Brit. Mus. (Natur. Hist.) Geol., 8, 237-325, 1963.
    • Gardiner, B. G.: Catalogue of Canadian fossil fishes, Royal Ontario Museum, Life Sciences Contribution no. 68, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 154 pp., 1966.
    • Gardiner, B. G.: The relationships of the palaeoniscoid fishes, a review based on new specimens of Mimia and Moythomasia from the Upper Devonian of Western Australia, B. Brit. Mus. (Natur. Hist.) Geol., 37, 173-428, 1984.
    • Gardiner, B. G. and Schaeffer, B.: Interrelationships of lower actinopterygian fishes, Zool. J. Linn. Soc.-Lond., 97, 135-187, 1989.
    • Gardiner, B. G., Schaeffer, B., and Masserie, J. A.: A review of the lower actinopterygian phylogeny, Zool. J. Linn. Soc.-Lond., 144, 511-525, 2005.
    • Giebel, C. G.: Fauna der Vorwelt, mit steter Berücksichtigung der lebenden Tiere, Vol. 1: Wirbeltiere, Dritte Abteilung: Fische, Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1-467, 1848.
    • Greiner, H.: Facies and sedimentary environments of Albert Shale, New Brunswick, B. Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, 45, 219-234, 1962.
    • Greiner, H.: The Albert Formation of New Brunswick: a Paleozoic lacustrine model, Geol. Rundsch., 63, 1102-1113, 1974.
    • Greiner, H.: Crossopterygian fauna from the Albert Formation, New Brunswick, Canada, and its stratigraphic-paleoecologic significance, J. Paleontol., 51, 44-56, 1977.
    • Gross, W.: Devonische Palaeonisciden-Reste in Mittel und Osteuropa, Palaeont. Z., 27, 85-112, 1953.
    • Gussow, W. C.: Carboniferous stratigraphy and structural geology of New Brunswick, Canada, Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. B, 37, 1713- 1816, 1953.
    • Hay, O. P.: Bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America, Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey, 179, 1-868, 1902.
    • Hay, O. P.: Second bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America, Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 390, Vol. 1, vii C 916 pp. 1929.
    • Huxley, T. H.: On the applications of the laws of evolution to the arrangement of the Vertebrata and more particularly of the Mammalia, P. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1880, 649-662, 1880.
    • Jackson, C. T.: Report on the Albert Coal Mine, in: Reports on the geological relations, chemical analysis and microscopic examination of the Albert Coal Mining Company situated in Albert County, New Brunswick, New York, C. Vinten, 48 pp., 1851a.
    • Jackson, C. T.: Description of five new species of fossil fishes, Boston Society of Natural History, 4, 138-142, 1851b.
    • Jessen, H.: Moythomasia nitida GROSS und M. cf. striata GROSS, devonische Palaeonisciden aus dem Oberen Plattenkalk der Bergisch-Gladbach-Paffrather Mulde, Palaeontogr. Abt. A, 128, 87-114, 1968.
    • Jollie, M.: Chordate Morphology, Reinhold Publishing Company, New York, XIV C 498 pp., 1962.
    • Jordan, D. S.: The Genera of Fishes: From Linnaeus to Cuvier, 1758-1833, Seventy-five years, with the accepted type of each: a contribution to the stability of scientific nomenclature, Leland Stanford University Publications, University Series, 161 pp., 1917.
    • Lambe, L. M.: The fish fauna of the Albert Shales of New Brunswick, Am. J. Sci., 28, 165-174, 1909.
    • Lambe, L. M.: Palaeoniscid fishes from the Albert Shales of New Brunswick, Contributions to Canadian Palaeontology, Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 3, Vol. III, Part V, 1910.
    • Long, J. A.: New palaeoniscoid fishes from the Late Devonian and Early Carboniferous of Victoria, in Devonian and Carboniferous Fish Studies, edited by: Jell, P. A., Association of Australian Palaeontologists Memoir, 7, 1-64, 1988.
    • Lund R. and Poplin, C.: The Rhadinichthyids (palaeoniscoid Actinopterygians) from the Bear Gulch Limestone of Montana (USA, Lower Carboniferous), J. Vertebr. Paleontol., 17, 466- 486, 1997.
    • Malabarba, M. C. L.: A new genus and species of stem group actinopteran fish from the Lower Permian of Santa Catarina State, Brazil, Zool. J. Linn. Soc-Lond., 94, 287-299, 1988.
    • Mickle, K. E.: Identification of the Bones of the Snout in Fossil Lower Actinopterygians - A New Nomenclature Scheme Based on Characters, Copeia, 103, 838-857, 2015.
    • Mickle, K. E., Lund, R., and Grogan. E. D.: Three new palaeoniscoid fishes from the Bear Gulch Limestone (Serpukhovian, Mississippian) of Montana (USA) and the relationships of lower actinopterygians, Geodiversitas, 31, 623-668, 2009.
    • Miller, R. F. and Brazeau, M. D.: A Late Devonian Porolepiform fish (Holoptychius) and the age of the Kennebecasis Formation, southern New Brunswick, Canada, Atlantic Geol., 43, 187-196, 2007.
    • Miller, R. F. and McGovern, J. H.: Preliminary report of fossil fish (Actinopterygii: Palaeonisciformes) from the Lower Carboniferous Albert Formation at Norton, New Brunswick (NTS 21/H/12), in: Current Research, edited by: Carroll, B. M. W., New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources and Energy, Minerals and Energy Division, Mineral Resource Report 97-4, 191-200, 1996.
    • Moy-Thomas, J. A.: A revision of the fishes referred to the genus Canobius from the Lower Carboniferous localities other than Glencartholm, Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, 2, 291-299, 1938.
    • Moy-Thomas, J. A. and Bradley Dyne, M.: The actinopterygian fishes from the Lower Carboniferous of Glencartholm, Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, T. Roy. Soc. Edin., 59, 437-480, 1938.
    • Newberry, J. S.: The Palaeozoic fishes of North America, United States Geological Survey Monograph 16, 1-340, 1889.
    • Pearson, D. M.: Primitive bony fishes, with especial reference to Cheirolepis and palaeonisciform actinopterygians, Zool. J. Linn. Soc-Lond., 74, 35-67, 1982.
    • Pearson, D. M. and Westoll, T. S.: The Devonian actinopterygian Cheirolepis Agassiz, T. Roy. Soc. Edin., 70, 337-399, 1979.
    • Poplin, C.: The dermosphenotic in early actinopterygians, a nomenclatural problem, in: Mesozoic Fishes 3 - Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity, edited by: Arratia, G. and Tintori, A., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 165-178, 2004.
    • Poplin, C. and Lund, R.: Two Carboniferous fine-eyed palaeoniscoids (Pisces, Actinopterygii) from Bear Gulch (USA), J. Paleontol., 76, 1014-1028, 2002.
    • Poschmann, M. and Schindler, T.: Sitters and Grügelborn, two important Fossil-Lagerstaetten in the Rotliegend (Late Carboniferous-Early Permian) of the Saar-Nahe Basin (SWGermany), with the description of a new palaeoniscoid (Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii), Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 232, 283-314, 2004.
    • Rayner, D. H.: On the cranial structure of an early palaeoniscoid, Kentuckia gen. nov., T. Roy. Soc. Edin.-Earth, 62, 53-83, 1951.
    • Romer, A. S.: Vertebrate Paleontology, 2nd Edition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 687 pp., 1945.
    • Schindler, T.: “Elonichthys” palatinus n. sp., a new species of actinopterygians from the Lower Permian of the Saar-Nahe Basin (SW-Germany), in: New Research on Permo-Carboniferous Faunas, 29, edited by: Heidtke, U., Pollichia-Buch, Bad Durkheim, 67-88, 1993.
    • Schindler, T.: Tierisches aus dem Oberkarbon: Wettin ist auch für Fische gut, Fossilien, 6, 363-366, 2009.
    • Schultze, H.-P.: Nomenclature and homologization of cranial bones in actinopterygians, in: Mesozoic Fishes 4 - Homology and Phylogeny, edited by: Arratia, G., Schultze, H.-P., and Wilson, M. V. H., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 23-48, 2008.
    • Schultze, H.-P. and Bardack, D.: Diversity and size changes in palaeonisiform fishes (Actinopterygii, Pisces) from the Pennsylvanian Mazon Creek Fauna, Illinois, USA, J. Vertebra. Paleontol., 7, 1-23, 1987.
    • St. Peter, C.: Maritimes Basin evolution: key geologic and seismic evidence from the Moncton Subbasin of New Brunswick, Atlantic Geol., 29, 233-270, 1993.
    • Sternberg, R. M.: Fossil fishes from the Albert Shales of New Brunswick, T. Roy. Soc. Can., 33, 111-117, 1939.
    • Swartz, B.: Devonian actinopterygian phylogeny and evolution based on a redescription of Stegotrachelus finlayi, Zool. J. Linn. Soc-Lond., 156, 750-784, 2009.
    • Taverne, L.: Osorioichthys marginis, “Paléonisciforme” du Famennien de Belgique, et la phylogénie des Actinoptérygiens dévoniens (Pisces), Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 67, 57-78, 1997.
    • Traquair, R. H.: On the Agassizian genera Amblypterus, Palaeoniscum, Gyrolepis, and Pygopterus, Q. J. Geological Society, 33, 548-578, 1877.
    • Traquair, R. H.: The ganoid fishes of the British Carboniferous Formations, Part I - Palaeoniscidae, Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society, 123-158, 1911.
    • Troschel, F. H.: Beobachtungen über die Fische in den Eisennieren des Saarbrücker Steinkohlengebirges, Verhandelungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins preussischen Rheinland und Westphalen, 14, 1-19, 1857.
    • Utting, J.: Palynostratigraphic investigation of the Albert Formation (Lower Carboniferous) of New Brunswick, Canada, Palynology, 11, 73-96, 1987.
    • Wiley, E. O.: Phylogenetics: The Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, Wiley-Intersciences, New York, 439 pp., 1981.
    • Wiley, E. O.: Homology, identity and transformation, in Mesozoic Fishes 4 - Homology and Phylogeny, edited by: Arratia, G., Schultze, H.-P., and Wilson, M. V. H., Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 9-21, 2008.
    • Woodward, A. S.: Catalogue of Fossil Fishes, Part 2, British Museum (Natural History), London, 567 pp., 1891.
    • Woodward, A. S.: On a Carboniferous fish fauna from the Mansfield District, Victoria, Memoirs of the National Museum, Melbourne, 1, 1-32, 1906.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects


Cite this article