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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Tajbakhsh, S
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: built_and_human_env
The research is divided into two parts. In the first\ud part the structural behaviour of sandwich beams using\ud timber-based facings and foamed plastic cores was\ud studied. Various available theories were examined and\ud the most appropriate theory for this type of panel was\ud identified. In an extensive test programme the relevant\ud properties of the constituent materials were measured\ud and the data used in the proposed theory of structural\ud behaviour to predict beam deflections and core and\ud facing stresses. Corresponding sandwich beam tests were\ud carried out on the range of skin/core combinations and\ud the theoretical and experimental behaviours were\ud compared. Good agreement was confirmed within the range\ud of span/depth ratios investigated, confirming the\ud applicability of the theory for semi-thick timber-based\ud facings. A variety of timber based facings were\ud investigated and those most suitable for sandwich\ud construction were identified.\ud This type of panel construction has many advantages but\ud lacks the benefit of good fire resistance. The recF.iired\ud fire resistance could be provided by a suitable core\ud material.\ud Part two of the research concentrated on the development\ud of a new core material which was intended to have good\ud structural properties at reasonable density, and to have\ud adequate fire resistance free from the production of smoke and toxic fumes. Coated paper honeycombs were\ud chosen for the study. The properties of the constituent\ud materials were investigated in detail and then the\ud structural properties of the developed cores were\ud measured using methods drawn from national and\ud international standards. One particular coating\ud combination proved to be effective in terms of\ud stiffness, fire resistance, freedom from micro cracking\ud and strength retention at high temperature. This was\ud based on a mixture of sodium silicate and ball clay.\ud Cores were tested both with cells empty (to be blocked\ud by intumescence) and with cells filled (e.g. with\ud lightweight filler). In the best of the developed cores,\ud shear stiffness and transverse stiffness were much\ud higher than in normal core materials. On the basis of\ud the test programme, panels can be designed to give a\ud fire resistance defined by insulation of up to two hours.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 3.4.2 Compression Test According to ISO 844, DIN 53421 and BSI 4370.
    • 3.5 Standard Tensile Test.
    • 3.5.1 Tensile Test According to ISO 1926 and DIN 5430.
    • 3.5.2 Tensile Test According to BSI 4370.
    • 3.5.3 Tensile Test According To ASTM C297.
    • 3.6 Discussion on Described test Methods.
    • 3.6.1 Discussion on Shear Test Methods.
    • 3.6.2 Discussion on Compression Test Methods.
    • 3.6.3 Discussion on Tensile Test Methods.
    • 3.7 Authors Experiments to Determine Core properties.
    • 3.7.1 Joined Square Shear Test.
    • 3.7.2 Compression Test.
    • 7.8 Discussion and Conclusion.
    • 8.1 Introduction.
    • 8.2 Authors Experiments to Determine Developed Honeycomb Core Properties.
    • 8.2.1 Shear Test.
    • 8.2.2 Compression Test.
    • 8.3 Test Results.
    • 8.4 Discussion of the Test Results.
    • 8.5 Shear Modulus of the Cell wall Material.
    • 8.6 Conclusions.
    • 5. S.P. Thimoshenko S.P. and Goodier J.N. "Theory of Elasticity" Mccrrew Hilibook Com p any , N.Y. 3rd Edition, 1970. (First Edition by Timoshenko 1934).
    • 6. H.W. March and C.B. Smith "Flexura]. Rigidity of Rectangular strip of a Sandwich Construction" United States Forest products Laboratory Re port No. 1505, February 1944 (revised 1955).
    • 7. C.B. Norris, W.S. Ericksen and W.J. Kominers, "Supplement to Flexural Rigidity of a Rectangular Strip of sandwich Construction" Comparison between Mathematical Analysis and Results of Tests, United States Forest Protests Laborator y Re p orts No. 1505A, 1944 (Revised May 1952).
    • 8. E.W. Kuenzi,"Flexure of Structural Sandwich Construction" United States Forest Products Laboratory Report No. 1829, December 1951.
    • 9. E.W. Kuenzi, "Edgewise Compression Strength of panels and Flatwise Flexural Strength of Sandwich Construction", United States Forest products Laboratory Report No. 1827, November 1951.
    • 10. H.B. Howard,"The Five-Point Loading Shear Stiffness Test", Journal of the Ro yal Aeronautical Society, Vol 66. No. 62]., September 1962, P. 591.
    • 11. D.J. Doherty, G.W. Ball and M.G. Walker "The Physical Properties of Rigid Urethane Foam Sandwich Panels", Plastics in Buildin g Structures, Proceeding of Conference Held in London, June 1965, pp. 257-266.
    • 12. H.G. Allen. "Measurement of Shear Stiffness of
    • 27. R.G. Drysdale, F.B. Angel and G.B. Haddad "Thick Skin Sandwich Beam Columns with Weak Core", Journal of the Structural Division, proceeding of the American Society of Civil Engineering's, Vol. 105, No. ST12, December, 1979, pp. 2601-2619.
    • 28. D.J. O'Conner, "Point Concentration in Thick Face Sandwich Beams", Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, Proceeding of the American Society of Civil Engineering, Vol. 114, No. EM5, may 1988, pp. 733-752.
    • of the Fire Resistance of Elements of Construction (general principles), British Standard Institute, 1987.
    • 119. Eurotherm Limited, unit 485, Chetham Court Wainwick Quay, Calvers Road Warrington Cheshire WA2 8RF.
    • 120. Furnace Control Program. Operation Manual, Dr. M.R. hakmi, Fire Research Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT.
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