Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Orfitelli, R.; Grüter, T. (2013)
Publisher: Cascadilla Proceedings Project
Languages: English
Types: Other
Evidence for null subject transfer in early L2 acquisition has come almost exclusively from grammaticality judgment (GJ) tasks, in which early learners show about 30-40% acceptance of ungrammatical English sentences with null subjects. This contrasts curiously with early production data, in which the proportion of null subjects is generally low. The current study reexamines null-subject transfer in L2 English acquisition by adult speakers of Spanish. Three tasks are used: a production task, a GJ task, and a novel comprehension task designed to assess learners' interpretations of null-subject sentences. The same learners who accept null-subject sentences in the GJ task are nonetheless shown to be native-like in the comprehension task, even at the earliest stages of learning. This finding suggests that they do not have referential pro at their disposal to interpret sentences without overt subjects as declaratives, and raises the theoretical question of whether referential pro is subject to transfer, or whether it constitutes a principled limitation to transfer in L2 acquisition.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Baayen, R. Harald, Doug J. Davidson, & D. M. Bates. 2008. Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language, 59, 390-412.
    • Blackwell, Arshavir, & Bates, Elizabeth. (1995). Inducing agrammatic profiles in normals: Evidence for the selective vulnerability of morphology under cognitive resource limitation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 228-257.
    • Casasanto, Laura Staum, Hofmeister, Philip, & Sag, Ivan A. (2010). Understanding acceptability judgments: Additivity and working memory effects. In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Cognitive Science Society, Austin, TX.
    • Chomsky, Noam. 1981. Lectures on government and binding. Dordrecht: Foris.
    • Davies, William. D. (1996). Morphological Uniformity and the Null Subject Parameter in Adult SLA. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 18, 475-493.
    • Grüter, Theres, & Crago, Martha. (2012). Object clitics and their omission in child L2 French: The contributions of processing limitations and L1 transfer. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15, 531-549.
    • Hopp, Holger. (2010). Ultimate attainment in L2 inflection: Performance similarities between non-native and native speakers. Lingua, 120, 901-931.
    • Hulk, Aafke. (1991). Parameter setting and the acquisition of word order in L2 French. Second Language Research, 7, 1-34.
    • Hyams, Nina. (1986). Language acquisition and the theory of parameters. Dordrecht: Reidel.
    • Jaeggli, Osvaldo. (1982). Topics in Romance Syntax. Dordrecht: Reidel.
    • Judy, Tiffany. (2011). L1/L2 parametric directionality matters: More on the null subject parameter in L2 acquisition. EUROSLA Yearbook, 11, 165-190.
    • Judy, Tiffany, & Rothman, Jason. (2010). From a superset to a subset grammar and the Semantic Compensation Hypothesis: Subject pronoun anaphora resolution evidence in L2 English. In K. Franich, K.M. Iserman & L.L. Keil (Eds.) BUCLD 34: Proceedings of the 34th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp. 197-208). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    • Lakshmanan, Usha. (1994). Universal grammar in child second language acquisition. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
    • McDonald, Janet L. (2000). Grammaticality judgments in a second language: Influences of age of acquisition and native language. Applied Psycholinguistics, 21, 395-423.
    • McDonald, Janet L. (2006). Beyond the critical period: Processing-based explanations for poor grammaticality judgment performance by late second language learners. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 381-401.
    • Orfitelli, Robyn, & Hyams, Nina. (2012). Children's grammar of null subjects: Evidence from comprehension. Linguistic Inquiry, 43, 563-590.
    • Pearson (2011). Versant English Test: test description and validation summary. Palo Alto, CA: Pearson Knowledge Technologies. (http://www.versanttest.com).
    • Phinney, Marianne. (1987). The Pro-drop Parameter in Second Language Acquisition. In T. Roeper & E. Williams (Eds.), Parameter Setting (pp.221-238). Dordrecht: Reidel.
    • Rizzi, Luigi. (1982). Issues in Italian Syntax. Dordrecht: Reidel.
    • Ruiz de Zarobe, Yolanda. (1998). El parámetro pro-drop y la adquisición del inglés como segunda lengua. ITL - Review of Applied Linguistics, 119/120, 49-63.
    • Schwartz, Bonnie. D., & Sprouse, Rex. A. (1996). L2 cognitive states and the full transfer/full access model. Second Language Research, 12, 40-72.
    • Wexler, Kenneth. (1998). Very early parameter setting and the unique checking constraint: A new explanation of the optional infinitive stage. Lingua, 106(1), 23-79.
    • White, Lydia. (1985). The “pro-drop” parameter in adult second language acquisition. Language Learning, 35, 47-62.
    • White, Lydia. (1986). Implications of parametric variation for adult second language acquisition: an investigation of the pro-drop parameter. In V.J. Cook (Ed.), Experimental approaches to second language acquisition (pp.55-72). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article