LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Haughton, Ann
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: NB, ND
The concerns of this thesis are aligned with approaches to the historical study of sexuality, gender and identity in art, society and culture which are increasingly articulate and questioning at present. However, it is distinct from these recent studies because it redirects attention toward a stimulating encounter with the past through new theoretical proposals and interpretive perspectives on the manner in which mythology asserts itself as the vehicle for expressing male same-sex erotic behaviour, gender performance and masculine identity in the visual culture of the Italian Renaissance. By following a methodological, historiographical and interdisciplinary mode of enquiry, this thesis formulates and expresses new perspectives which engage with the representation of masculine concerns relating to these historically specific matters in the visual domain of the period. Conventional historical definitions of traditional art historical models of masculinity are also called into question through reassessment of how the function of the ideal male nude body in Renaissance art was shaped by particular social and historical contexts in different regions of Italy during the sixteenth century. These interrelated themes are approached in three stages.\ud \ud Firstly, there is interpretation of the complex and convoluted meanings within the narrative of the mythic sources, as well as decoding and contextualising of the symbolic messages of the images in question. Secondly, I assemble and examine the textual evidence that exists about erotic and social relationships between males in the Renaissance so that their historical significance can be tracked and placed in the context of the tension which existed between Renaissance Italian judicial and religious proscription and commonplace behaviour. And thirdly, I offer comprehensive analyses and interpretive frameworks which are informed by and based upon a wide range of written as well as visual sources together with evaluation of competing theoretical perceptions. The main arguments are presented in three chapters:\ud \ud The central theme of Chapter One is gender performance with specific focus upon the integral and didactic role of pederasty in visual representations of myths which conflate erotic desire between males and philosophical allegory. The historical phenomenon of pederastic relationships between males is addressed through interrogation of the pictorial vocabulary of Benvenuto Cellini’s marble Apollo and Hyacinth (1545), and Giulio Romano’s drawing of Apollo and Cyparissus (1524).The arguments and theories discussed and analysed in Chapter Two deal with Michelangelo’s depiction of Ovidian mythic narratives. Here, close attention is paid to the intricate nuances and sophisticated iconography used by Michelangelo for three highly finished presentation drawings - The Rape of Ganymede (1532), The Punishment of Tityus (1532) and The Fall of Phaeton (1533) - which Michelangelo presented to Tommaso De’ Cavalieri. The chapter aims to encourage a re-evaluation of these three drawings as a meaningful and connected narrative endowed with significant cultural and personal significance relating to their creator’s anguish about physical desire and its relationship to what modernity terms as ‘sexuality’. In Chapter Three, I consider how several works featuring the theme of Apollo flaying Marsyas can be read as articulations of the imaginative and ideological structures of the formation and preservation of masculine identities. The chapter addresses the iconographic visibility of the theme of flaying and explores the philosophical and literary metaphoric significance of this myth. Primacy is given to destabilising dominant conceptualizations of the heroic male nude as a subject in art throughout all these selected case studies. Centred as they are on sexual attraction or destruction rather than idealisation of the male figure, these chapters offer a revaluation of ways of seeing the archetypal heroic nude in a myriad of ways.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Condivi, A., The Life of Michelangelo, trans. C.B. Holroyd, London, 2006.
    • Conti, N., On Mythology or on the Explanation of Fables, Venice (1551), trans. J.
    • Mulryan and S. Brown, Virginia, 2006.
    • Dante, A., Divine Comedy: Inferno, trans. Robin Kirkpatrick, London, 2006.
    • De Voragine, J., The Golden Legend, translated from the Latin by G. Ryan and H.Ripperger, New York, 1969.
    • Ficino, M., Commentarium dei Convivo Platonis, 1484, trans. J. Sears, 2nd edition, Columbia, 2002.
    • Gesta Romanorum, trans. C. Swan (1905), revised W. Hooper, London, 2012.
    • Ghiberti, L., Commentarii, ed. Lorenzo Bartoli, Florence, 1998.
    • Giraldi, L.G., On the History of Pagan Gods, Basel, (1548), trans. Michael Hattaway, Chichester, 2010.
    • Goethe, J.W., Scientific Studies (1792), trans. D. Miller, New York, 1988.
    • Hesiod and Theognis, trans. D.Wender, Harmondsworth, 1973 .
    • Homer, The Iliad, Books 1-12, trans. A.T. Murray, The Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, Mass., 1924.
    • Homer, Odyssey, Books 1-2, trans. A.T. Murray, revised G. E. Dimmock, Cambridge, Mass., 1995.
    • Homer, Hymn to Demeter, ed. and trans. R. D. Woodard, Cambridge, 2007.
    • Landino, C., Commento, Vol.2, trans. M. Chatfield, Cambridge, Mass., 2008.
    • Machiavelli, N., The Prince, trans. George Bull, London, 1999.
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, Books 1-15, trans. Frank Justus Miller, Cambridge, Mass., 1977.
    • Philo of Alexandria, De Abrahamo, XXVI, trans. F.H. Colson, Cambridge, Mass., 1954.
    • Plato, The Collected Dialogues of Plato, trans. A. E. Taylor, ed. E. Hamilton, New York, 1961.
    • Plato, Phaedrus, trans. R. Hackforth, Cambridge, 1972.
    • Plutarch, Lives, J and W Langhorne, eds. and trans., Cincinnati, 1874.
    • Poliziano, A., Epigrammi Greci (Venice, 1498), ed. and trans. A. Ardizzoni, Florence, 1951.
    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 24., trans. J. G. Frazer, Vols.121 and 122, Harvard, 1921.
    • Savonarola, G., Prediche sopra Ruth e Michea, 1:28 (May 6 1496), ed. and trans. V.
    • Romano, 2 Vols, 1956, Rome.
    • Segre, A., 'I dispacci di Cristofo da Piacenza, procuratore mantovano alla corte pontificale', Archivia Storico Italiano, 5th ser., 43:85.
    • Theognis, Pseudo Pythagorus, Elegy 2, lines 1345-50, ed. and trans, D.C.C. Young, Leipzig,1961.
    • Vasari, G., The Life of Michelangelo, 2nd ed. 1568, trans. A. Hinds, London, 2006.
    • Vasari, G., Le Vita de' piu eccellenti pittori, scultori e architettori nelle redazioni dell 1550 e1568, trans. Gaston du C. de Vere, New York, 1999.
    • Vasari, G., Le vite de' piu eccellenti pintori, scultori, ed architettori, 9 vols., 1550- 1568, ed. Gaetono Milanesi, Florence, 1865-769.
    • Carman, 5 vols., San Francisco and Novato, 1998.
    • Virgil, Aeneid, Books 1-6, trans. H.R. Fairclough and E.Goold, Cambridge, Mass., 1999.
    • Voragine, J. de Golden Legend, translated from the Latin by G. Ryan and H. Ripperger, New York, 1969.
    • Brownson and O. J. Todd, London, 1953.
    • Xenophon, Symposium, trans. K.J. Dover, London, 1978.
    • Barkan, L., Transuming Passion: Ganymede and the Erotics of Humanism, Stanford, 1991.
    • Bristow, J., Sexuality, London and New York, 1997.
    • Brotton, J., The Renaissance, Oxford, 2006.
    • Brown, A., Bartolomeo Scala 1430-1497: The Humanist as Bureaucrat, Princeton, 1979.
    • Brown, J. C. and R. Davis, Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy, London and New York, 1998.
    • Brown, P., The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity, Chicago, 1981.
    • Bruhm, S., Reflecting Narcissus: A Queer Aesthetic, Minneapolis and London, 2001.
    • Bryson, N., Vision and Painting: The Logic of the Gaze, London and Basingstoke,1983.
    • Buck, S., (ed.), Michelangelo's Dream, London, 2010.
    • Bull, M., The Mirror of the Gods, London, 2005.
    • Bullough, V.L., Sexual Variance in Society and History, Chicago and London, 1976.
    • Bullough, V.L., Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church, New York, 1994.
    • Bullough, V. L. and J. A. Brundage., (eds.), Handbook of Medieval Sexuality, New York, 1996.
    • Burger, G. and S. Kruger., (eds.), Queering the Middle Ages, Minneapolis, 2001.
    • Burke, J., Changing Patrons: social identity and the visual arts in Renaissance, Florence, Pennsylvania, 2004.
    • Burke, P., The Italian Renaissance: Culture and Society in Italy, Cambridge, 1986 Butler, J., Gender Trouble, New York and London, 1990.
    • Campbell, E., and R. Mills, (eds.) Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality and Sight in Medieval Text and Image, Basingstoke and New York, 2004.
    • Campbell, J., The Power of Myth, New York, 1988.
    • Cantarella, E., Bisexuality in the Ancient World, New Haven and London, 1992.
    • Cardarelli, S. et al., Art and Identity: Visual Culture, Politics and Religion in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Newcastle, 2012.
    • Carlino, A., Books of the Body, trans. J. and A. Tedeschi, Chicago and London, 1999.
    • Carr, E.H., What is History?, London, 1990.
    • Carrette, J., (ed.), Religion and Culture: Michel Foucault, New York, 1999.
    • Ferraro, G., (ed.), Opere di Benvenito Cellini, Turin, 1980.
    • Hammill, G. L., Sexuality and Form, Chicago and London, 2000.
    • Piel, F. and J. Traeger, (eds.), Festschrift Wolfgang Braunfels, Tubingen, 1977.
    • Pietrangeli, C., (ed.), The Sistine Chapel, New York, 1986.
    • Plaisance, M., Culture et politique à Florence de 1542 à 1551, Paris, 1973.
    • Plummer, K., (ed.), The Making of the Modern Homosexual, London, 1981.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article