LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Mierczak, Lukasz
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: TJ
Magnetic non-destructive methods utilising the Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) and Magnetic Barkhausen Noise (MBN) phenomena are widely used in the evaluation of the structural integrity of steel components. The MFL method is effectively applied for in-service flaw monitoring of oil and gas pipelines, fuel storage tank floors and rails; whereas the MBN method, due to high sensitivity of Barkhausen emission to residual and applied stress, has become one of the most popular NDE tools for investigating this condition of steels. Despite the affirming research and successful applications, which helped these methods to gain acceptance as a viable non-destructive tools, there is still a requirement for establishing a quantitative links between magnetic and mechanical properties of steel which would enable their further understanding and optimisation.\ud In this thesis the applications of MFL and MBN methods for flaw and stress detection are analysed via analytical and numerical modelling.\ud A new model relating the MBN amplitude and stress for materials having different magnetostrictive behaviour under load is proposed and validated in the quantitative stress evaluation of different grades of steel. Moreover, a new method for determining depth dependence of stress from measured magnetic Barkhausen signals is presented. A complete set of newly derived equations describing the detected Barkhausen signals in terms of the actual emissions that are generated inside the material and how these appear when they propagate to the surface is given.\ud The results from finite element modelling of magnetic flux leakage signals above unflawed and flawed rails energised in various directions are presented. These results enabled to identify the most effective current injection procedure and optimise the probability of transverse flaw detection in the rail inspection. The agreement between modelled and measured electromagnetic signals indicating presence of transverse rail defects has been justified.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [48] B. Raj, T. Jayakumar and M. Thavasimuthu, “Practical non-destructive testing”, Second Edition, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, 2002.
    • J. G. Martin, J. Gomez-Gil and E. Vazquez-Sanchez, “Non-destructive techniques based on eddy current testing”, Sensors, vol. 11, pp. 2525-2565, 2011.
    • [47] S. Qaimi, “The railway track manual”, Second Edition, ThyssenKrupp Gft GleisTechnik, 2010.
    • W. Ricken, H. C. Schoenekess and W. J. Becker, “Improved multi-sensor for force measurement of pre-stressed steel cables by means of the eddy current technique”, Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 129, pp. 80-85, 2006.
    • [49] I. C. Noyan and J. B. Cohen, “Residual Stress Measurement by Diffraction and Interpretation”, Springer-Verlag, 1987.
    • [50] P. S. Prevey, "Metals Handbook", Ninth Edition, vol. 10, pp. 380-392, ASM International, 1986.
    • [51] P. S. Prevey, “Current applications of x-ray diffraction residual stress measurement”, Developments in Materials Characterization Technologies, pp. 103-110, ASM International, 1996.
    • [52] T.M. Morton, R.M. Harrington and J.G. Bjeletich, “Acoustic Emission of fatigue crack growth”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 5, pp. 691-697, 1973.
    • [53] A. E. Wehrmeister, “Weld Monitoring with Acoustic Emission”, The Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, vol. 30, issue 12, pp. 28-30, 1978.
    • [54] S. Hewerdine, “Plant Integrity Assessment by Acoustic Emission Testing”, Second Edition, Rugby, UK, 1993.
    • [55] [56] V. Leelalerkiet, T. Shimizu, Y. Tomoda and M. Ohtsu, “Estimation of corrosion in reinforced concrete by electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission”, Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, vol. 3, pp. 137-147, 2005.
    • N. N. Zatsepin and V. E. Shcherbinin, “Calculation of the magnetostatic field of surface defects”, Defectoskopiya, vol. 5, pp. 50-65, 1966.
    • [57] C. R. Edwards and S. B. Palmer, “The magnetic leakage field of surface-breaking cracks”, Journal of Physics D, Applied Physics vol. 19, pp. 657-673, 1986.
    • [59] K. Mandal and D. L. Atherton, “A study of magnetic flux-leakage signals”, Journal of Physics D, Applied Physics, vol. 31, pp. 3211-3217, 1998.
    • [60] H. Zuoying, Q. Peiwen and C. Liang, “3D FEM analysis in magnetic flux leakage method”, NDT&E International, vol. 39, pp. 61-66, 2006.
    • [61] D. Zhiye, R. Jiangjun, P. Ying, Y. Shifeng, Z. Yu, G. Yan and L. Tianwei, “3-D FEM simulation of velocity effects on magnetic flux leakage testing signals”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 44, pp. 1642-1645, 2008.
    • [62] A. G. Antipova and A. A. Markovb, “Evaluation of Transverse Cracks Detection Depth in MFL Rail NDT”, Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, Vol. 50, pp. 481- 490, 2014.
    • [63] J. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Kang and Y. Yang, “Theoretical Analyses of MFL Signal Affected by Discontinuity Orientation and Sensor-Scanning Direction”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 51, article no 6200207, 2015.
    • [64] D. C. Jiles and D. L. Atherton, “Theory of the magnetisation process in ferromagnets and its application to the magnetomechanical effect”, Journal of Physics D, Applied Physics, vol. 17, pp. 1265-1281, 1984.
    • [65] M. J. Sablik and B. Augustyniak, “The effect of mechanical stress on Barkhausen Noise signal integrated across a cycle of ramped magnetic field”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 79, pp. 963-972, 1996.
    • [67] [71] [72] M. J. Sablik, H. Kwun, G. L. Burkhardt, D. C. Jiles, “Model for the effect of tensile and compressive stress on ferromagnetic hysteresis”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 61, pp. 3799-3801, 1987.
    • R. Langman, “Magnetic properties of mild steel under conditions of biaxial stress”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 26, pp. 1246-1251, 1990.
    • [68] J. M. Makar and B. K. Tanner, “The effect of stresses approaching and exceeding the yield point on the magnetic properties of high strength pearlitic steels”, NDT&E International, vol. 31, pp. 117-127, 1998.
    • [69] J. M. Makar and B. K. Tanner, “The in situ measurement of the effect of plastic deformation on the magnetic properties of steel, Part I - Hysteresis loops and magnetostriction”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 184, pp. 193-208, 1998
    • [70] L. Vandenbossche, “Magnetic hysteretic characterization of ferromagnetic materials with objectives towards non-destructive evaluation of material degradation”, PhD Dissertation, Ghent University, 2009.
    • D. C. Jiles, “The effect of stress on magnetic Barkhausen activity in ferromagnetic steels”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 25, pp. 3455-3457, 1989.
    • D. C. Jiles, T. T. Chang, D. R. Hougen, and R. Ranjan, “Stress induced changes in the magnetic properties of some nickel-copper and nickel-cobalt alloys”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 64, pp. 3620.-3628, 1988.
    • [73] C. C. H. Lo, S. J. Lee, L. Li, L. C. Kerdus, and D. C. Jiles, “Modeling stress effects on magnetic hysteresis and Barkhausen emission using a hysteretic-stochastic model”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 38, pp. 2418-2420, 2002.
    • [74] C. C. H. Lo, E. Kinser and D. C. Jiles, “Modelling the interrelating effects of plastic deformation and stress on magnetic properties of materials”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 93, pp. 6626-6628, 2003.
    • [77] [76] Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, I. Tomás, C. C. H. Lo, O. Perevertov and J. Kadlecová, “Investigation of sensitivity of Preisach analysis for nondestructive testing”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 37, pp. 3907-3912, 2001.
    • 48, pp. 1433-1436, 2012.
    • [78] E. S. Gorkunov, Y. N. Dragoshanskii and V. A. Khamitov, “Magnetoelastic acoustic emission in ferromagnetic materials II. Effect of elastic and plastic strains on parameters of magnetoelastic acoustic emission”, Russian Journal of Nondestructive testing, vol. 37, pp. 835-858, 2001.
    • [79] C. H. Kim, C. G. Kim, “Effect of magnetising frequency and stress on magnetoacoustic emission from 3% Si-Fe crystals”, Journal of Physics D, Applied Physics, vol. 22, pp. 192-198, 1989.
    • [80] R. Ranjan, D. C. Jiles, P. K. Rastogi, “Magnetic properties of decarburized steels: An investigation of the effects of grain size and carbon content”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, MAG23 (3), pp. 1869-1876, 1987.
    • [81] C. Edwards and S.B. Palmer, "The Effect of Stress and Sample Shape on the Magnitude and Frequency of Magnetomechanical Acoustic Emission", Journal of the Acoustic Society of America, vol. 82, pp. 534-544, 1987.
    • [82] W.A. Theiner and H.H. Willems, "Determination of Microstructural Parameters by Magnetic and Ultrasonic Quantitative NDE", Nondestructive Methods for Materials Property Determination, pp. 249-258, Plenum Press, 1984.
    • [83] J. W. Wilson, G. Y. Tian, V. Moorthy, B. A. Shaw, “Magneto-acoustic emission and Magnetic Barkhausen emission for case depth measurement in En36 gear steel”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 45 , pp. 177-183, 2009.
    • [84] D. J. Griffiths, “Introduction to Electrodynamics”, Third Edition, Addison Wesley, 1998.
    • [96] R. L. Pasley, “Barkhausen effect: An indication of stress”, Materials Evaluation, vol.28, pp. 157-161, 1970.
    • [97] S. Titto, "On the Mechanism of Magnetism Transitions in Steel", IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 14, pp. 527-529, 1978.
    • [98] V. Moorthy , B. A. Shaw , P. Mountford and P. Hopkins, “Magnetic Barkhausen emission technique for evaluation of residual stress alteration by grinding in case-carburised En36 steel”, Acta Materialia, vol. 53, pp. 4997-5006, 2005.
    • [99] I. Altpeter, G. Dobmann, M. Kroning, M. Rabung and S. Szielasko, “Micromagnetic evaluation of micro-residual stresses of the IInd and IIIrd order”, NDT&E International, vol. 42, pp. 283-290, 2009.
    • [100] G. Dobmann, “Physical basics and industrial applications of 3MA - micromagnetic multiparameter microstructure and stress analysis”, Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Non-Destructive Testing, 2010.
    • [101] X. Kleber and A. Vincent, “On the role of residual internal stresses and dislocations on Barkhausen noise in plastically deformed steel”, NDT&E International, vol. 37, pp. 439-445, 2004.
    • [102] S. F. Silva Jr. and T. R. Mansur, “Determining residual stresses in ferromagnetic materials by Barkhausen noise measurement”, Proceedings of 15th World Conference on Nondestructive Testing, 2000.
    • [103] H. I. Yelbay, I. Cam and C. H. Gür, “Non-destructive determination of residual stress state in steel weldments by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise technique”, NDT&E International, vol. 43, pp. 29-33, 2010.
    • [104] A. Mitra and D. C. Jiles, “Effects of tensile stress on the Magnetic Barkhausen Effect in 2605 CO amorphous alloy”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 31, pp. 4020-4022, 1995.
    • [105] K. Mandal, A. Corey, M. E. Loukas, P. Weyman, J. Eichenberger and D. L. Atherton, “The effects of defect depth and bending stress on magnetic Barkhausen noise and flux-leakage signals”, Journal of Physics D, Applied Physics, vol. 30, pp. 1976-1983, 1997.
    • [106] J. Gauthier, T. W. Krause and D. L. Atherton, “Measurement of residual stress in steel using the magnetic Barkhausen noise technique”, NDT&E International, vol. 31, pp. 23-31, 1998.
    • [107] P. Wang, Y. Gao , Y. Yang , G. Tian , E. Yao and H. Wang, “Experimental studies and new feature extractions of MBN for stress measurement on rail tracks”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 49 , pp. 4858-4864, 2013
    • [108] J. Thomas, J. Mohan, S. Kendrish and R. Fix, "Advanced techniques for the measure of microstructure and residual stress in components subject to rolling fatigue", SAE International Journal of Materials Manufacturing, vol. 2, pp. 206- 210, 2009.
    • [109] H. Nishihara, S. Taniguchi, H. Maeda, I. Oguro, M. Harada, T. Ogino, S. Matsumoto, Y. Shindo and N. Ohtsuka, “The effect of mechanical stress on Barkhausen noises from heat-treated nickel plates”, Proceedings of the 12th Asia-Pacific Conference on NDT, 2006.
    • [110] D. C. Jiles, "Magnetic properties and microstructure of AISI 1000 series carbon steels", Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 21, pp. 1186-1195, 1988.
    • [111] T. Yamasaki, S. Yamamoto and M. Hirao, “Effect of applied stresses on magnetostriction of low carbon steel”, NDT&E International, vol. 29, pp. 263- 268, 1996.
    • [112] American Standard, SAE AMS 6260R, 2012.
    • [113] American Standard, SAE AMS 6481C, 2012.
    • [116] http://www.stresstechgroup.com/content/en/1034/1154/Rollscan%20300%20 with%20MicroScan%20600%20software.html#
    • [117] http://www.analog.com/en/all-operational-amplifiers-op-amps/operationalamplifiers-op-amps/ad797/products/product.html
    • [118] http://www.instron.co.uk/wa/product/8801-Floor-Model-Fatigue-Systems.aspx
    • [119] L. Mierczak, D. C. Jiles and G. Fantoni, “A New Method for Evaluation of Mechanical Stress Using the Reciprocal Amplitude of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise“, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 47, pp. 459-465, 2011.
    • [120] L. Mierczak, D. C. Jiles, G. Fantoni and L. Merletti, “System and Method for Determining Stress of a Component Made of Magnetizable Material”, World Intellectual Property Organization Patent WO/2011/144998, 2011.
    • [121] C. Jagadish, L. Clapham and D. L. Atherton, “The Influence of Stress on Surface Barkhausen Noise Generation in Pipeline Steels”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 25, pp. 3452-3454, 1989.
    • [122] V. Moorthy, B. A. Shaw, P. Mountford and P. Hopkins, “Magnetic Barkhausen emission technique for evaluation of residual stress alteration by grinding in case-carburised En36 steel”, Acta Materialia, vol. 53, pp. 4997-5006, 2005.
    • [124] S. Santa-aho, M. Vippola, T. Saarinen, M. Isakov, A. Sorsa, M. Lindgren, K. Leiviskä and T. Lepistö, “Barkhausen noise characterisation during elastic bending and tensile-compression loading of case-hardened and tempered samples”, Journal of Materials Science, vol. 47, pp. 6420-6428, 2012.
    • in ASTM A36 Steel”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 49, pp. 4148-4151, 2013.
    • [126] O. Kypris, I. C. Nlebedim and D. C. Jiles, “Mapping Stress as a Function of Depth at the Surface of Steel Structures Using a Frequency Dependent Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 48, pp. 4428-4431, 2012.
    • [127] O. Kypris, I. C. Nlebedim and D. C. Jiles, “A model for the Barkhausen frequency spectrum as a function of applied stress”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 115, issue 8, 2014.
    • [1] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, “Detection of Damage in Ground Steel Components using Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique”, conference digest presented at 11th International Magnetics Conference, Washington DC, US, 2010.
    • [2] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, “A new way of determining residual stress in steels using the magnetic Barkhausen effect”, conference digest presented at Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Conference, San Diego, US,2010.
    • [3] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, “Reconstructing Residual Stress Depth Profiles using the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Effect”, conference digest presented at 55th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Atlanta, US, 2010.
    • [4] L. Mierczak, D. C. Jiles and G. Fantoni, “A New Method for Evaluation of Mechanical Stress Using the Reciprocal Amplitude of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise“, publication in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 47, pp. 459-465, 2011.
    • [5] L. Mierczak, D. C. Jiles, G. Fantoni and L. Merletti, “System and Method for Determining Stress of a Component Made of Magnetizable Material”, World Intellectual Property Organization Patent WO/2011/144998, 2011.
    • [6] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles and O. Kypris, “Determining depth dependence of mechanical properties from micromagnetic emissions”, conference digest presented at 56th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Scottsdale, US, 2011.
    • [7] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, “Residual stress depth profiling using Magnetic Barkhausen Noise method”, conference digest presented at British Institute of Non-Destructive Testing Conference on Materials Testing, Telford, UK, 2011.
    • [8] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, “MBN Techniques for Quantitative Determination of Stress”, conference digest presented at Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Conference, Baltimore, US,2013.
    • [9] L. Mierczak, Y. Melikhov, D. C. Jiles, “Determining Residual Stress Depth Profiles using the Magnetic Barkhausen Effect “, publication in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 50, issue 10, 2014.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article