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Danao, L.A.; Eboibi, O.; Howell, R.J. (2013)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Physics::Space Physics, Physics::Fluid Dynamics, Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Astrophysics::Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
An experimental investigation was carried out on a wind tunnel scale vertical axis wind turbine with unsteady wind conditions. The wind speed at which testing was conducted was 7m/s (giving a Reynolds number of around 50,000) with both 7% and 12% fluctuations in wind velocity at a frequency of 0.5Hz. Rotational speed fluctuations in the VAWT were induced by the unsteady wind and these were used to derive instantaneous turbine rotor power. The results show the unsteady power coefficient (CP) fluctuates following the changes in wind speed. The time average of the unsteady CP with a 7% fluctuation in wind velocity was very close to that with steady wind conditions while 12% fluctuations in wind speed resulted in a drop in the mean CP, meaning unsteady winds of such amplitudes are detrimental to the energy yields from these wind turbines. At mean rotational speeds corresponding to tip speed ratios (λ) beyond peak CP, no significant hysteresis was observed for both 7% and 12% fluctuations. However, substantial hysteresis is seen for conditions where mean λ is below peak CP.
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    • [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Bertenyi, T., Wickins, C., and Mcintosh, S. C., 2010, "Enhanced Energy Capture through GustTracking in the Urban Wind Environment," 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Orlando, Florida.
    • Dixon, K., Simao Ferreira, C. J., Hofemann, C., Van Brussel, G. J. W., and Van Kuik, G., 2008, "A 3d Unsteady Panel Method for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines," European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition (EWEC) 2008, eds. Brussels, pp. 1-10.
    • Edwards, J. M., Danao, L. A., and Howell, R. J., 2012, "Novel Experimental Power Curve Determination and Computational Methods for the Performance Analysis of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines," Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 134(3), pp. 11.
    • Simão Ferreira, C. J., Van Brussel, G. J. W., and Van Kuik, G., 2007, "2d Cfd Simulation of Dynamic Stall on a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine: Verification and Validation with Piv Measurements," 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada.
    • Mertens, S., Van Kuik, G., and Van Bussel, G., 2003, "Performance of an H-Darrieus in the Skewed Flow on a Roof," Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 125(4), pp. 433-440.
    • Simão Ferreira, C. J., Van Kuik, G., and Van Brussel, G. J. W., 2006, "Wind Tunnel Hotwire Measurements, Flow Visualisation and Thrust Measurements of a Vawt in Skew," 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada.
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