LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Leifeld, Philip; Schneider, Volker (2012)
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: JA
Information exchange in policy networks is usually attributed to preference similarity, influence reputation, social trust, and institutional actor roles. We suggest that political opportunity structures and transaction costs play another crucial role and estimate a rich statistical network model on tie formation in the German toxic chemicals policy domain. The results indicate that the effect of preference similarity is absorbed by institutional, relational, and social opportunity structures. Political actors choose contacts who minimize transaction costs while maximizing outreach and information. We also find that different types of information exchange operate in complementary, but not necessarily congruent, ways.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Adam, Silke, and Hanspeter Kriesi. 2007. \The Network Approach." In Theories of the Policy Process, ed. Paul A. Sabatier. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 129{154.
    • Ansell, Chris, and Alison Gash. 2008. \Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 18: 543{571.
    • Austen-Smith, David, and John R. Wright. 1992. \Competitive Lobbying for a Legislator's Vote." Social Choice and Welfare 9: 229{257.
    • Austen-Smith, David, and John R. Wright. 1996. \Theory and Evidence for Counteractive Lobbying." American Journal of Political Science 40: 543{564.
    • Bala, Venkatesh, and Sanjeev Goyal. 2000. \A Noncooperative Model of Network Formation." Econometrica 68: 1181{1229.
    • Baumgartner, Frank R., and Bryan D. Jones. 1991. \Agenda Dynamics and Policy Subsystems." The Journal of Politics 53: 1044{1074.
    • Baumgartner, Frank R., and Beth L. Leech. 1996. \The Multiple Ambiguities of `Counteractive Lobbying'." American Journal of Political Science 40: 521{542.
    • Berardo, Ramiro, and John T. Scholz. 2010. \Self-Organizing Policy Networks: Risk, Partner Selection, and Cooperation in Estuaries." American Journal of Political Science 54: 632{649.
    • Carpenter, Daniel P. 2002. \Groups, the Media, Agency Waiting Costs, and FDA Drug Approval." American Journal of Political Science 46: 490{505.
    • Carpenter, Daniel P., Kevin M. Esterling, and David M.J. Lazer. 2004. \Friends, Brokers, and Transitivity: Who Informs whom in Washington Politics?" The Journal of Politics 66: 224{246.
    • Freeman, Linton C. 1979. \Centrality in Social Networks: Conceptual Clari cation." Social Networks 1: 215{239.
    • Gehring, Thomas, and Michael Kerler. 2008. \Institutional Stimulation of Deliberative Decision-Making: Division of Labour, Deliberative Legitimacy and Technical Regulation in the European Single Market." Journal of Common Market Studies 46: 1001{ 1023.
    • Goodreau, Steven M., James A. Kitts, and Martina Morris. 2009. \Birds of a Feather, or Friend of a Friend? Using Exponential Random Graph Models to Investigate Adolescent Social Networks." Demography 46: 103{125.
    • Handcock, Mark S., David R. Hunter, Carter T. Butts, Steven M. Goodreau, and Martina Morris. 2003. statnet: Software Tools for the Statistical Modeling of Network Data. Seattle, WA. http://statnetproject.org (accessed February 16, 2011).
    • Heclo, Hugh. 1978. \Issue Networks and the Executive Establishment." In The New American Political System, ed. Anthony King. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 87{124.
    • Hojnacki, Marie. 1997. \Interest Groups' Decisions to Join Alliances or Work Alone." American Journal of Political Science 41: 61{87.
    • Huckfeldt, Robert, and John Sprague. 1987. \Networks in Context: The Social Flow of Political Information." The American Political Science Review 81: 1197{1216.
    • Hunter, David R. 2007. \Curved Exponential Family Models for Social Networks." Social Networks 29: 216{230.
    • Hunter, David R., Steven M. Goodreau, and Mark S. Handcock. 2008. \Goodness of Fit of Social Network Models." Journal of the American Statistical Association 103: 248{258.
    • Jasano , Sheila. 2005. Designs on Nature: Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    • Kitschelt, Herbert P. 1986. \Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: AntiNuclear Movements in Four Democracies." British Journal of Political Science 16: 57{85.
    • Knill, Christoph. 2001. The Europeanisation of National Administrations: Patterns of Institutional Change and Persistence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Kollman, Ken. 1997. \Inviting Friends to Lobby: Interest Groups, Ideological Bias, and Congressional Committees." American Journal of Political Science 41: 519{544.
    • Konig, Thomas, and Thomas Brauninger. 1998. \The Formation of Policy Networks: Preferences, Institutions and Actors' Choice of Information and Exchange Relations." Journal of Theoretical Politics 10: 445{471.
    • Laumann, Edward O., and David Knoke. 1987. The Organizational State: Social Choice in National Policy Domains. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
    • Laumann, Edward O., Peter V. Marsden, and David Prensky. 1983. \The Boundary Speci cation Problem in Network Analysis." In Applied Network Analysis: A Methodological Introduction, eds. Ronald S. Burt and Michael J. Minor. London: Sage Publications, 18{34.
    • Laumann, Edward O., and Franz Urban Pappi. 1973. \New Directions in the Study of Community Elites." American Sociological Review 38: 212{230.
    • Laumann, Edward O., Tony Tam, John P. Heinz, Robert L. Nelson, and Robert H. Salisbury. 1992. \The Social Organization of the Washington Establishment during the rst Reagan Administration." In The Political Consequences of Social Networks, vol. 4 of Research in Politics and Society. A Research Annual, eds. Gwen Moore and J. Allen Whitt. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 161{188.
    • Lubell, Mark, Adam Douglas Henry, and Michael McCoy. 2010. \Collaborative Institutions in an Ecology of Games." American Journal of Political Science 54: 287{300.
    • Lubell, Mark, Mark Schneider, John T. Scholz, and Mihriye Mete. 2002. \Watershed Partnerships and the Emergence of Collective Action Institutions." American Journal of Political Science 46: 148{163.
    • Majone, Giandomenico. 2001. \Nonmajoritarian Institutions and the Limits of Democratic Governance: A Political Transaction-Cost Approach." Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 157: 57{78.
    • McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and James M. Cook. 2001. \Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks." Annual Review of Sociology 27: 415{444.
    • Merton, Robert K. 1995. On Social Structure and Science, chap. 13. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 153{161.
    • Mo tt, Susan L. 2010. \Promoting Agency Reputation through Public Advice: Advisory Committee Use in the FDA." Journal of Politics 72: 880{893.
    • North, Douglass C. 1990. \A Transaction Cost Theory of Politics." Journal of Theoretical Politics 2: 355{367.
    • Ostrom, Elinor. 2010. \Beyond Markets and States: Polycentric Governance of Complex Economic Systems." American Economic Review 100: 641{672.
    • Pfe er, Je rey, and Gerald R. Salancik. 1978. The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. New York: Harper & Row.
    • R Development Core Team. 2009. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http: //www.R-project.org (accessed February 16, 2011).
    • Robins, Garry, Philippa Pattison, Yuval Kalish, and Dean Lusher. 2007. \An Introduction to Exponential Random Graph (p*) Models for Social Networks." Social Networks 29: 173{191.
    • Robins, Garry, Tom A.B. Snijders, Peng Wang, Mark Handcock, and Philippa Pattison. 2007. \Recent Developments in Exponential Random Graph (p*) Models for Social Networks." Social Networks 29: 192{215.
    • Sabatier, Paul A. 1987. \Knowledge, Policy-Oriented Learning, and Policy Change: An Advocacy Coalition Framework." Science Communication 8: 649{692.
    • Sabatier, Paul A., and Cristopher M. Weible. 2007. \The Advocacy Coalition Framework." In Theories of the Policy Process, ed. Paul A. Sabatier. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 189{220.
    • Schneider, Mark, John T. Scholz, Mark Lubell, Denisa Mindruta, and Matthew Edwardsen. 2003. \Building Consensual Institutions: Networks and the National Estuary Program." American Journal of Political Science 47: 143{158.
    • Schneider, Volker. 1985. \Corporatist and Pluralist Patterns of Policy-Making for Chemicals Control: A Comparison between West Germany and the USA." In Organized Interests and the State. Studies in Meso-Corporatism, ed. Alan Cawson. London: Sage Publications, 174{194.
    • print(summary(model8))
    • print(model8$mle.lik) # also print the log likelihood sink()
    • # goodness-of-fit assessment as shown in figure 1
    • gof2 <- gof(model2 ~ idegree + espartners + distance, verbose = FALSE, burnin = 1e+5, interval = 1e+5)
    • gof4 <- gof(model4 ~ idegree + espartners + distance, verbose = FALSE, burnin = 1e+5, interval = 1e+5)
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article