Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Howard, Erica
Publisher: AB Academic Publishers
Languages: English
Types: Article
The European Union (EU) Directive against racial and ethnic origin discrimination has been criticized for a number of rcasons. The main ones are, firstly, that\ud it places racial and ethnic origin at the top of the hierarchy of discrimination grounds in the EU and that it does not cover discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief; secondly, that its main aim appears to be to establish formal equality or equal treatment rather than a more substantive form of equality; and, thirdly, that it gives only limited protection to third country nationals\ud (nationals of non-EU Member States), In this paper a number of changes to the Directive are suggested in order to make it into a more effective tool in the fight against racism and racial and ethnic origin discrimination.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Barnard, C: (1998) The Principle of Equality in the Community Context: P, Grant, Kalurzke and Marschnll: Four uneasy Bedfellows? Cambridge Luni Jour1zal57. 2, 352-73.
    • COM (2005) 225, Proposal for a Decisioii of the Europea~Plarliament and the Council on the European Year of Equal Opportunities foi- All (2007) Towards a Just Society.
    • Council Decision 2000/750/EC establisl~inga Community Actioii Programme to coinbat Discriillination (2001-2006) [2000] OJ L303/23.
    • Council Directive 751117/EEC on the Approxilnation of the Laws oC the Member States relating to the Application of the Priilciple of Equal Pay for Men and Women [l9751 0 J L45/19.
    • Council Directive 76/207/EEC on the Implelnentation of the PI-inciple of Equal Treatment for Meii and Women as Regards Access to Employment, Vocational Training and Promotion, and Working Conditions [l9761 OJ L39/40.
    • Council Directive 2000/43/EC implementing,the Principle of Equal Treatment between Persons irrespective of Racial or Ethnic Origin [2000] OJ Jd180/22.
    • Council Directive 2000/78/EC establishing a Genera! Fi-ainework for Equal Treatment in Einployment and Occupation [2000] 0 J L303/16.
    • Council Directive 2002/73/EC amending Council Directive 76/207/EEC [2002] OJ L269115.
    • Council Directive 2004/1 13/EC implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment between Men and Woinen in the Access to and the Supply of Goods and Services [2004] 0 J L373/37.
    • ECRI (European Comlnission against Racism and Intolerance) (2003) General. Policy Recommendation 7, 0 1 1 Ncrtiorzal Legislation to Conzbat Racisnz and Racial Discr'ir~zinatior?CRI 8. Couilcil of Europe; Strasbourg.
    • Ellis, E. (2002) The Principle of Non-Discrimination in the Post-Nice Era. In Accountability and Le,uzti/~mcijn~ the European Union (Arnull A. and Wincott, D. (cds.), 291--305. Oxfbrd University Press; Oxford.
    • Farkas, L. (2006) A Good Way to Equality: Roiiia seekjng Judicial Proteclion against Discrimination in Europe. Ezrr'opearz A~iti-Di.scrir?zirzatio~z Lniv Revieiv 3, 21-9.
    • Frednzan, S. (2001a) Equality: A New Generation? (2001) Industrial Law Jounzal 30, 2, 145-68.
    • Fredinan, S. (2001b) Introduction, Combating Racism with Human Rights: The Right to Equality. In Discr*ir?zirzationarzd Hur~zariRiglzts Tl7e Case of Racis/n. (Fredman, S . (ed.), 1 4 4 . Oxford University Press: Oxford.
    • Fredman, S. (2002) Discr-i17zirzationLaw. Clarendon Law Series: Oxford.
    • Gregory, J. (19S7) S e x , Race m7d ilze Law. Legislati~zgfor- Equality. Sage: London.
    • Guild, E. (2000a) The EC Directive on Race Discrinzination: Surpl-ises, Possibilities and Limitations. Xrzdz,~str.iaLlaw Jour-nal 29, 4, 416-23.
    • Guild, E. (2000b) The European Union and Article 13 of the Treaty cstablishing the European Community. In Race Discf'i~7zirzntion.Developing and Using U Are111 Legal Frmneioork (Moon, G. (ed.), 65-79. Hart Publishing; Oxford/Portland, Oreson.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects


Cite this article