LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bray, DP; Yaman, K; Underhilll, BA; Mitchell, F; Carter, V; Hamilton, JG (2014)
Publisher: PLoS
Journal: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Ectoparasites, Research Article, Veterinary Diseases, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Ecology, Kala-Azar, Protozoan Infections, Insect Pheromones, S1, Biology and Life Sciences, Veterinary Science, Behavioral Ecology, Zoonoses, Leishmaniasis, RC955-962, RA1-1270, Public aspects of medicine, Biochemistry, Entomology, Pheromones, Parasitic Diseases, Medicine and Health Sciences, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, Zoology, Parasitology, R1

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: behavior and behavior mechanisms, fungi
BACKGROUND: The sand fly Phlebotomus argentipes is arguably the most important vector of leishmaniasis worldwide. As there is no vaccine against the parasites that cause leishmaniasis, disease prevention focuses on control of the insect vector. Understanding reproductive behaviour will be essential to controlling populations of P. argentipes, and developing new strategies for reducing leishmaniasis transmission. Through statistical analysis of male-female interactions, this study provides a detailed description of P. argentipes courtship, and behaviours critical to mating success are highlighted. The potential for a role of cuticular hydrocarbons in P. argentipes courtship is also investigated, by comparing chemicals extracted from the surface of male and female flies. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: P. argentipes courtship shared many similarities with that of both Phlebotomus papatasi and the New World leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis. Male wing-flapping while approaching the female during courtship predicted mating success, and touching between males and females was a common and frequent occurrence. Both sexes were able to reject a potential partner. Significant differences were found in the profile of chemicals extracted from the surface of males and females. Results of GC analysis indicate that female extracts contained a number of peaks with relatively short retention times not present in males. Extracts from males had higher peaks for chemicals with relatively long retention times. CONCLUSIONS: The importance of male approach flapping suggests that production of audio signals through wing beating, or dispersal of sex pheromones, are important to mating in this species. Frequent touching as a means of communication, and the differences in the chemical profiles extracted from males and females, may also indicate a role for cuticular hydrocarbons in P. argentipes courtship. Comparing characteristics of successful and unsuccessful mates could aid in identifying the modality of signals involved in P. argentipes courtship, and their potential for use in developing new strategies for vector control.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Alvar J, VeĀ“lez ID, Bern C, Herrero M, Desjeux P, et al. (2012) Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS ONE 7: e35671. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035671.
    • 2. Maroli M, Feliciangeli MD, Bichaud L, Charrel RN, Gradoni L (2013) Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern. Med Vet Entomol 27: 123-147. doi:10.1111/j.1365- 2915.2012.01034.x.
    • 3. Sundar S (2001) Drug resistance in Indian visceral leishmaniasis. Trop Med Int Health 6: 849-854. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3156.2001.00778.x.
    • 4. Davies CR, Kaye P, Croft SL, Sundar S (2003) Leishmaniasis: new approaches to disease control. Br Med J 326: 377-382. doi:10.1136/bmj.326.7385.377.
    • 5. Warburg A, Faiman R (2011) Research priorities for the control of phlebotomine sand flies. J Vector Ecol J Soc Vector Ecol 36 Suppl 1: S10-16. doi:10.1111/j.1948-7134.2011.00107.x.
    • 6. Kesari S, Mandal R, Bhunia GS, Kumar V, Das P (2014) Spatial distribution of P. argentipes in association with agricultural surrounding environment in North Bihar, India. J Infect Dev Ctries 8: 358-364. doi:10.3855/jidc.3353.
    • 7. Kelly DW, Mustafa Z, Dye C (1997) Differential application of lambdacyhalothrin to control the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Med Vet Entomol 11: 13-24. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.1997.tb00285.x.
    • 8. Bray DP, Alves GB, Dorval ME, Brazil RP, Hamilton JG (2010) Synthetic sex pheromone attracts the leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis to experimental chicken sheds treated with insecticide. Parasit Vectors 3: 16. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-3-16.
    • 9. Bray DP, Carter V, Alves GB, Brazil RP, Bandi KK, et al. (2014) Synthetic sex pheromone in a long-lasting lure attracts the visceral leishmaniasis vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis, for up to 12 weeks in Brazil. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8: e2723. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002723.
    • 10. Lane RP, Pile MM, Amerasinghe FP (1990) Anthropophagy and aggregation behaviour of the sandfly Phlebotomus argentipes in Sri Lanka. Med Vet Entomol 4: 79-88. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.1990.tb00263.x.
    • 11. Morrison A, Ferro C, Pardo R, Torres M, Wilson M, et al. (1995) Nocturnal activity patterns of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae) at an endemic focus of visceral leishmaniasis in Colombia. J Med Entomol 32: 605-617.
    • 12. Greenspan RJ, Ferveur JF (2000) Courtship in Drosophila. Annu Rev Genet 34: 205-232. doi:10.1146/annurev.genet.34.1.205.
    • 13. Kumar V, Krishnakumari B, Kesari S, Kumari K, Kumar R, et al. (2012) Preliminary observations on the female behavior of the Indian sandfly vector, Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 105: 201- 205. doi:10.1603/AN11089.
    • 14. Palit A, Kesari S, Ranjan A, Kishore K (1993) Mating aggregation of Phlebotomus argentipes at animal hosts in India. Indian J Parasitol 17: 11-13. doi:10.1603/AN11089.
    • 15. Jones TM, Hamilton JGC (1998) A role for pheromones in mate choice in a lekking sandfly. Anim Behav 56: 891-898. doi:10.1006/anbe.1998.0857.
    • 16. Bray DP, Hamilton JGC (2007) Courtship behaviour in the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis, the New World vector of visceral leishmaniasis. Med Vet Entomol 21: 332-338. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2007.00700.x.
    • 17. Howard RW, Blomquist GJ (2005) Ecological, behavioral, and biochemical aspects of insect hydrocarbons. Annu Rev Entomol 50: 371-393. doi:10.1146/ annurev.ento.50.071803.130359.
    • 18. Kamhawi S, Lane RP, Cameron M, Phillips A, Milligan P, et al. (1992) The cuticular hydrocarbons of Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera, Phlebotominae) from field populations in northern India and Sri Lanka, and their change with laboratory colonization. Bull Entomol Res 82: 209-212. doi:10.1017/ S0007485300051749.
    • 19. Chelbi I, Bray DP, Hamilton JGC (2012) Courtship behaviour of Phlebotomus papatasi the sand fly vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Parasit Vectors 5: 179. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-5-179.
    • 20. Chelbi I, Zhioua E, Hamilton JGC (2011) Behavioral evidence for the presence of a sex pheromone in male Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli (Diptera: Psychodidae). J Med Entomol 48: 518-525. doi:10.1603/ME10132.
    • 21. R Development Core Team (2012) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available: http://www.R-project.org/.
    • 22. Liimatainen J, Aspi HAJ, Welbergen P (1992) Courtship in Drosophila montana: the effects of auditory signals on the behaviour of flies. Anim Behav 43: 35-48. doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80069-7.
    • 23. Welbergen PH, Dijken FR, Scharloo W (1987) Collation of the courtship behaviour of the sympatric species Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans. Behaviour 101: 1253-1274. doi:10.1163/156853987X00017.
    • 24. Bakeman R, Adamson LB, Stisik P (1995) Lags and logs: statistical approaches to interaction (SPSS version). The Analysis of Change. pp. 279-308.
    • 25. Bakeman R, Gottman JM (1997) Observing Interaction: an Introduction to Sequential Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • 26. Phillips A, Milligan PJM, Broomfield G, Molyneux DH (1988) Identification of medically important Diptera by analysis of cuticular hydrocarbons. In: Service MW, editor. Biosystematics of Haematophagous Insects. Oxford: Clarendon Press, Vol. Systematics Association Special Volume 37. pp. 39-59.
    • 27. Wehrens R (2011) Chemometrics with R: multivariate data analysis in the natural sciences and life sciences. Heidelberg; New York: Springer.
    • 28. Tom G. . Bloemberg, Jan Gerretzen, Hans J. P. . Wouters, Jolein Gloerich, Maurice van Dael, et al. (2010) Improved parametric time warping for proteomics. Chemom Intell Lab Syst 104: 65-74. doi:10.1016/j.chemolab. 2010.04.008.
    • 29. Revelle W (2014) psych: Procedures for Psychological, Psychometric, and Personality Research. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University.
    • 30. Venables WN, Ripley BD, Venables WN (2002) Modern applied statistics with S. New York: Springer.
    • 31. Boufana B, Ward RD, Phillips A (1986) Development of the tergal pheromone gland in male Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 80: 333-333.
    • 32. Kelly DW, Dye C (1997) Pheromones, kairomones and the aggregation dynamics of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Anim Behav 53: 721-731. doi:10.1006/anbe.1996.0309.
    • 33. Gemetchu T (1976) The biology of a laboratory colony of Phlebotomus longipes Parrot & Martin (Diptera: Phlebotomidae). J Med Entomol 12: 661-671.
    • 34. Beach R, Young DG, Mutinga MJ (1983) New phlebotomine sand fly colonies: rearing Phlebotomus martini, Sergentomyia schwetzi, and Sergentomyia africana (Diptera: Psychodidae). J Med Entomol 20: 579-584.
    • 35. Chaniotis BN (1967) The biology of California Phlebotomus (Diptera: Psychodidae) under laboratory conditions. J Med Entomol 4: 221-233.
    • 36. Hamilton JGC, Dougherty MJ, Ward RD (1994) Sex pheromone activity in a single component of tergal gland extract of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae) from Jacobina, Northeastern Brazil. J Chem Ecol 20: 141-151. doi:10.1007/BF02065997.
    • 37. Ward R, Hamilton J, Dougherty M, Falcao A, Feliciangeli M, et al. (1993) Pheromone disseminating structures in tergites of male phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae). Bull Entomol Res 83: 437-445. doi:10.1017/S000748530002 9357.
    • 38. Souza NA, Andrade-Coelho CA, Vigoder FM, Ward RD, Peixoto AA (2008) Reproductive isolation between sympatric and allopatric Brazilian populations of Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. (Diptera: Psychodidae). Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103: 216-219. doi:10.1590/S0074-02762008000200017.
    • 39. Souza NA, Vigoder FM, Araki AS, Ward RD, Kyriacou CP, et al. (2004) Analysis of the copulatory courtship songs of Lutzomyia longipalpis in six populations from Brazil. J Med Entomol 41: 906-913. doi:10.1603/0022-2585- 41.5.906.
    • 40. Vigoder FM, Souza NA, Peixoto AA (2011) Acoustic signals in the sand fly Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia (Diptera: Psychodidae). Parasit Vectors 4: 76. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-4-76.
    • 41. Vigoder FM, Araki AS, Bauzer LGSR, Souza NA, Brazil RP, et al. (2010) Lovesongs and period gene polymorphisms indicate Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira, 1938) as a sibling species of the Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) complex. Infect Genet Evol 10: 734-739. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2010.05.004.
    • 42. Vigoder FM, Souza NA, Peixoto AA (2010) Copulatory courtship song in Lutzomyia migonei (Diptera: Psychodidae). Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 105: 1065- 1067. doi:10.1590/S0074-02762010000800020.
    • 43. Bray D, Ward R, Hamilton J (2010) The chemical ecology of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). In: Takken W, editor. Ecology and Control of Vector-Borne Diseases. Volume 2. Olfaction in Vector-Host Interactions. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 203-216.
    • 44. Talyn BC, Dowse HB (2004) The role of courtship song in sexual selection and species recognition by female Drosophila melanogaster. Anim Behav 68: 1165- 1180. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2003.11.023.
    • 45. Ferveur JF (2005) Cuticular hydrocarbons: Their evolution and roles in Drosophila pheromonal communication. Behav Genet 35: 279-295. doi:10.1007/s10519-005-3220-5.
    • 46. Everaerts C, Farine JP, Cobb M, Ferveur JF (2010) Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons revisited: mating status alters cuticular profiles. PLoS ONE 5: e9607. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009607.
    • 47. Phillips A, Milligan P (1986) Cuticular hydrocarbons distinguish sibling species of vectors. Parasitol Today 2: 180-181. doi:10.1016/0169-4758(86)90152-3.
    • 48. Valenta D, Killick-Kendrick R, Killick-Kendrick M (2000) Courtship and mating by the sandfly Phlebotomus duboscqi, a vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Afrotropical region. Med Vet Entomol 14: 207-212. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2915.2000.00225.x.
    • 49. Jones TM, Quinnell RJ, Balmford A (1998) Fisherian flies: benefits of female choice in a lekking sandfly. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 265: 1651-1657. doi:10.1098/rspb.1998.0484.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

  • WT | Blood-feeding insects semioc...
  • WT | Field trials of synthetic se...

Cite this article