Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Brown, LE; Palmer, SM; Johnston, K; Holden, J (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Waste Management and Disposal, Environmental Engineering
Vegetation removal with fire can alter the thermal regime of the land surface, leading to significant changes in biogeochemistry (e.g. carbon cycling) and soil hydrology. In the UK, large expanses of carbon-rich upland environments are managed to encourage increased abundance of red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scotica) by rotational burning of shrub vegetation. To date, though, there has not been any consideration of whether prescribed vegetation burning on peatlands modifies the thermal regime of the soil mass in the years after fire. In this study thermal regime was monitored across 12 burned peatland soil plots over an 18-month period, with the aim of (i) quantifying thermal dynamics between burned plots of different ages (from <2 to 15+years post burning), and (ii) developing statistical models to determine the magnitude of thermal change caused by vegetation management. Compared to plots burned 15+years previously, plots recently burned (<2-4 years) showed higher mean, maximum and range of soil temperatures, and lower minima. Statistical models (generalised least square regression) were developed to predict daily mean and maximum soil temperature in plots burned 15+years prior to the study. These models were then applied to predict temperatures of plots burned 2, 4 and 7 years previously, with significant deviations from predicted temperatures illustrating the magnitude of burn management effects. Temperatures measured in soil plots burned <2 years previously showed significant statistical disturbances from model predictions, reaching+6.2°C for daily mean temperatures and+19.6°C for daily maxima. Soil temperatures in plots burnt 7 years previously were most similar to plots burned 15+years ago indicating the potential for soil temperatures to recover as vegetation regrows. Our findings that prescribed peatland vegetation burning alters soil thermal regime should provide an impetus for further research to understand the consequences of thermal regime change for carbon processing and release, and hydrological processes, in these peatlands.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aksamit, S.E., Irving, F.D., 1984. Prescribed burning for lowland black spruce regeneration in northern Minnesota. Can. J. For. Res. 14, 107e113.
    • Allison, S.D., Treseder, K.K., 2011. Climate change feedbacks to microbial decomposition in boreal soils. Fungal Ecol. 4, 362e374.
    • Allison, S.D., Wallenstein, M.D., Bradford, M.A., 2010. Soil-carbon response to warming dependent on microbial physiology. Nat. Geosci. 3, 336e340.
    • Anderson, R.C., 1989. The historic role of fire in the north American grassland. In: Collins, S.L., Wallace, L.L. (Eds.), Fire in North American Tallgrass Prairies. University of Oklahoma Press, Oklahoma.
    • Baird, A.J., Holden, J., Chapman, P.J., 2009. Literature Review of Emissions of Methane from Peatlands, Final Report to Defra. Project code: SP0574.
    • Beven, K.J., Kirkby, M.J., 1979. A physically based, variable contributing area model of basin hydrology. Hydrol. Sci. Bull. 24, 43e69.
    • Brady, N.C., Weil, R.R., 2013. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Pearson.
    • Bridgham, S.D., Pastor, J., Updegraff, K., Malterer, T.J., Johnson, K., Harth, C., Chen, J., 1999. Ecosystem control over temperature and energy flux in northern peatlands. Ecol. Appl. 9, 1345e1358.
    • Brown, L.E., Johnston, K., Palmer, S.M., Aspray, K.L., Holden, J., 2013. River ecosystem response to prescribed vegetation burning on blanket peatland. PLoS One 8, e81023.
    • Certini, G., 2005. Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review. Oecologia 143, 1e10.
    • Clark, J.M., Lane, S.N., Chapman, P.J., Adamson, J.K., 2008. Link between DOC in near surface peat and stream water in an upland catchment. Sci. Total Environ. 404, 308e315.
    • Clay, G.D., Worrall, F., Fraser, E.D.G., 2009. Effects of managed burning upon dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in soil water and runoff water following a managed burn of a UK blanket bog. J. Hydrology 367, 41e51.
    • Cole, L., Bardgett, R.D., Ineson, P., Adamson, J.K., 2002. Relationships between enchytraeid worms (Oligochaeta), climate change, and the release of dissolved organic carbon from blanket peat in northern England. Soil Biol. Biochem. 34, 599e607.
    • Conant, R.T., Ryan, M.G., Ågren, G.I., Birge, H.E., Davidson, E.A., Eliasson, P.E., Evans, S.E., Frey, S.D., Giardina, C.P., Hopkins, F.M., Hyvo€nen, R., Kirschbaum, M.U.F., Lavallee, J.M., Leifeld, J., Parton, W.J., Steinweg, J.M., Wallenstein, M.D., Wetterstedt, J.A.M., Bradford, M.A., 2011. . Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates e synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward. Glob. Change Biol. 17, 3392e3404.
    • Darby, B.J., Neher, D.A., Housman, D.C., Belnap, J., 2011. Few apparent short-term effects of elevated soil temperature and increased frequency of summer precipitation on the abundance and taxonomic diversity of desert soil micro- and meso-fauna. Soil Biol. Biochem. 43, 1474e1481.
    • Davidson, E.A., Janssens, I.A., 2006. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature 440, 165e173.
    • Dickson, N.E., Carrivick, J.L., Brown, L.E., 2012. Flow regulation alters alpine river thermal regimes. J. Hydrology 464e465, 505e516.
    • Dong, S., Scagel, C.F., Cheng, L., Fuchigami, L.H., 2001. Soil temperature and plant growth stage influence nitrogen uptake and amino acid concentration of apple during early spring growth. Tree Physiol. 21, 541e547.
    • Freeman, C., Evans, C.D., Monteith, D.T., Reynolds, B., Fenner, N., 2001. Export of organic carbon from peat soils. Nature 412, 785.
    • Glaves, D., Morecroft, M., Fitzgibbon, C., Owen, M., Phillips, S., Leppitt, P., 2013. The Effects of Managed Burning on Upland Peatland Biodiversity, Carbon and Water. Natural England Evidence Review NEER004, Peterborough, UK.
    • Glinski, J., Lipiec, J., 1990. Soil Physical Conditions and Plant Growth. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
    • Gomi, T., Moore, R.D., Dhakal, A.S., 2006. Headwater stream temperature response to clear-cut harvesting with different riparian treatments, coastal British Columbia, Canada. Water Resour. Res. 42, W08437.
    • Grosse, G., Harden, J., Turetsky, M., McGuire, A.D., Camill, P., Tarnocai, C., Frolking, S., Schuur, E.A.G., Jorgenson, T., Marchenko, S., Romanovsky, V., Wickland, K.P., French, N., Waldrop, M., Bourgeau-Chavez, L., Striegl, R.G., 2011. Vulnerability of high-latitude soil organic carbon in North America to disturbance. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences 116, G00K06.
    • Hancock, M., Egan, S., Summers, R., Cowie, N., Amphlett, A., Rao, S., Hamilton, A., 2005. The effect of experimental prescribed fire on the establishment of Scots pine Pinus sylvestris seedlings on heather Calluna vulgaris moorland. For. Ecol. Manag. 212, 199e213.
    • Hannah, D.M., Bower, D., McGregor, G., 2006. Associations between Western European air-masses and river flow regimes. IAHS Publ. 308, 344e349.
    • Harden, J.W., Manies, K.L., Turetsky, M.R., Neff, J.C., 2006. Effects of wildfire and permafrost on soil organic matter and soil climate in interior Alaska. Glob. Change Biol. 12, 2391e2403.
    • Hester, A.J., Sydes, C., 1992. Changes in burning of Scottish heather moorland since the 1940s from aerial photographs. Biol. Conserv. 60, 25e30.
    • Holden, J., 2007. A plea for more careful presentation of near-surface temperature data in geomorphology. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 32, 1433e1436.
    • Holden, J., 2009. Flow through macropores of different size classes in blanket peat. J. Hydrology 364, 342e348.
    • Holden, J., Burt, T.P., 2003. Runoff production in blanket peat covered catchments. Water Resour. Res. 39, 1191. DOI: 1110.1029/2003WR002067.
    • Holden, J., Chapman, P.J., Palmer, S.M., Kay, P., Grayson, R., 2012. The impacts of prescribed moorland burning on water colour and dissolved organic carbon: a critical synthesis. J. Environ. Manag. 101, 92e103.
    • Holden, J., Wearing, C., Palmer, S., Jackson, B., Johnston, K., Brown, L.E., 2014. Fire decreases near-surface hydraulic conductivity and macropore flow in blanket peat. Hydrol. Process. 28, 2868e2876.
    • Imeson, A.C., 1971. Heather burning and soil Erosion on the North Yorkshire Moors. J. Appl. Ecol. 8, 537e542.
    • Kettridge, N., Thompson, D.K., Waddington, J.M., 2012. Impact of wildfire on the thermal behavior of northern peatlands: observations and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res. 117, G02014.
    • Lafleur, P.M., Moore, T.R., Roulet, N.T., Frolking, S., 2005. Ecosystem respiration in a Cool Temperate bog depends on peat temperature but not water table. Ecosystems 8, 619e629.
    • Lewis, C., Albertson, J., X, X., Kiely, G., 2012. Spatial variability of hydraulic conductivity and bulk density along a blanket peatland hillslope. Hydrol. Process. 26, 1527e1537.
    • MacKinney, A.L., 1929. Effects of forest litter on soil temperature and soil freezing in autumn and winter. Ecology 10, 312e321.
    • Melillo, J.M., Steudler, P.A., Aber, J.D., Newkirk, K., Lux, H., Bowles, F.P., Catricala, C., Magill, A., Ahrens, T., Morrisseau, S., 2002. Soil warming and carbon-Cycle feedbacks to the climate system. Science 298, 2173e2176.
    • Moore, T.R., Roulet, N.T., Waddington, J.M., 1998. Uncertainty in predicting the effect of climatic change on the carbon cycling of Canadian peatlands. Clim. Change 40, 229e245.
    • O'Donnell, J., Turetsky, M., Harden, J., Manies, K., Pruett, L., Shetler, G., Neff, J., 2009. Interactive effects of fire, soil climate, and Moss on CO2 fluxes in black Spruce ecosystems of Interior Alaska. Ecosystems 12, 57e72.
    • Pinheiro, J., Bates, D., DebRoy, S., Sarkar, D., 2006. Package Nimes. Version 3.1e73. Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. http://www.r-project.org/.
    • Post, D.F., Fimbres, A., Matthias, A.D., Sano, E.E., Accioly, L., Batchily, A.K., Ferreira, L.G., 2000. Predicting soil albedo from soil color and spectral reflectance data. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 64, 1027e1034.
    • Pregitzer, K.S., King, J.S., 2005. Effects of soil temperature on nutrient uptake. In: Bassirirad, H. (Ed.), Nutrient Acquisition by Plants: an Ecological Perspective, Ecological Studies, vol. 181, pp. 277e310.
    • Price, J., Rochefort, L., Quinty, F., 1998. Energy and moisture considerations on cutover peatlands: surface microtopography, mulch cover and Sphagnum regeneration. Ecol. Eng. 10, 293e312.
    • R Development Core Team, 2014. R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
    • Ramchunder, S.J., Brown, L.E., Holden, J., 2013. Rotational vegetation burning effects on peatland stream ecosystems. J. Appl. Ecol. 50, 636e648.
    • Rogman, J.J., 2013. Ordinal Dominance Statistics (Orddom): an R Project for Statistical Computing Package to Compute Ordinal, Nonparametric Alternatives to Mean Comparison (Version 3.1). http://cran.r-project.org/.
    • The Heather Trust, 2013. Annual Report 2013. The Heather Trust, Dumfries, Scotland.
    • Thompson, D.K., 2012. Wildfire Impacts on Peatland Ecohydrology. PhD. McMaster University.
    • Thompson, D.K., Waddington, J.M., 2013. Wildfire effects on vadose zone hydrology in forested boreal peatland microforms. J. Hydrology 486, 48e56.
    • Turetsky, M.R., Kane, E.S., Harden, J.W., Ottmar, R.D., Manies, K.L., Hoy, E., Kasischke, E.S., 2011. Recent acceleration of biomass burning and carbon losses in Alaskan forests and peatlands. Nat. Geosci. 4, 27e31.
    • Ward, S., Ostle, N.J., Oakley, S., Quirk, H., Stott, A., Henrys, P.A., Scott, W.A., Bardgett, R.D., 2012. Fire accelerates assimilation and transfer of photosynthetic carbon from plants to soil microbes in a northern peatland. Ecosystems 15, 1245e1257.
    • Williams, T.J., Quniton, W.L., 2013. Modelling incoming radiation on a linear disturbance and its impact on the ground thermal regime in discontinuous permafrost. Hydrol. Process. 27, 1854e1865.
    • Worrall, F., Armstrong, A., Adamson, J.K., 2007. The effects of burning and sheepgrazing on water table depth and soil water quality in a upland peat. J. Hydrology 339, 1e14.
    • Worrall, F., Clay, G.D., Marrs, R., Reed, M.S., 2010. Impacts of Burning Management on Peatlands Scientific Review. IUCN UK Peatland Programme.
    • Worrall, F., Rowson, J., Dixon, S., 2013. Effects of managed burning in comparison to vegetation cutting on dissolved organic carbon concentrations in peat soils. Hydrol. Process. 27, 3994e4003.
    • Yallop, A.R., Thacker, J.I., Thomas, G., Stephens, M., Clutterbuck, B., Brewer, T., Sannier, C.A.D., 2006. The extent and intensity of management burning in the English uplands. J. Appl. Ecol. 43, 1138e1148.
    • Yibarbuk, D., Whitehead, P.J., Russel-Smith, K., Jackson, D., Godjuwa, C., Fisher, A., Cooke, P., Choquenot, D., Bowman, D.M.J.S., 2001. Fire ecology and aboriginal land management in central Arnhem Land, Northern Australia: a tradition of ecosystem management. J. Biogeogr. 28, 325e343.
    • Yu, Z.C., 2012. Northern peatland carbon stocks and dynamics: a review. Biogeosciences 9, 4071e4085.
    • Yvon-Durocher, G., Allen, A.P., Bastviken, D., Conrad, R., Gudasz, C., St-Pierre, A., Thanh-Duc, N., del Giorgio, P.A., 2014. Methane fluxes show consistent temperature dependence across microbial to ecosystem scales. Nature 507, 488e491.
    • Yvon-Durocher, G., Caffrey, J.M., Cescatti, A., Dossena, M., del Giorgio, P., Gasol, J.M., Montoya, J.M., Pumpanen, J., Staehr, P.A., Trimmer, M., Woodward, G., Allen, A.P., 2012. Reconciling the temperature dependence of respiration across timescales and ecosystem types. Nature 487, 472e476.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article