Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ford, Karen; Bray, Lucy; Water, Tineke; Dickinson, Annette; Arnott, Janine; Carter, Bernie (2017)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: B714, L431, B710, B713, X210, B730
Children can sometimes find it difficult to articulate their experiences if they have to rely solely on words. Giving children the opportunity to use arts-based research approaches can support their participation in research and create a bridge that enables them to express their perspectives and feelings. This paper focuses on the ethical and practical considerations when using photo elicitation interviews (PEI) in research with children. The discussion and examples provided are drawn from an international study that used auto-driven PEI, where photographs are taken by children themselves, to explore children’s experiences of living with a chronic condition and the impact condition management may have on their everyday lives. In this paper we critically explore the issues arising from our use of PEI including children’s participation and engagement, balancing power and control, and keeping children safe. The main areas of focus for the paper are how PEI provided a means of shifting control; how setting photographic boundaries influenced our PEI study with children; and how we addressed risks associated with the method. Our experience shows that PEI is an engaging and valuable research method, providing a powerful medium for obtaining rich data with children. However, PEI is challenging and it requires researchers to conscientiously address ethical and practical aspects that extend beyond those inherent to standard (words-alone) interviews.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Australian Government. (2008). For your information: Australian privacy law and practice (ALRC Report 108). Commonwealth of Australia: Australian Government.
    • Bareham, A., Locke, A., & Yeadon-Lee, T. (2013). A snapshot of identity: Using photoelicitation interviews to explore identities in women's hostels. In Social Psychology Section Annual Conference University of Exeter, UK, 28-30 August 2013.
    • Barker, J., & Smith, F. (2012). What's in focus? A critical discussion of photography, children and young people. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 15 (2), 91-103.
    • Campbell, A. (2008). For their own good: Recruiting children for research. Childhood, 15 (1). 30-49.
    • Carter, B. (2005). They've got to be as good as mum and dad: Children with complex health care needs and their siblings' perceptions of a Diana community nursing service. Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, 9, 49-61.
    • Carter, B. (2009). Tickbox for child? The ethical positioning of children as vulnerable, researchers as barbarians and reviewers as overly cautious. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46 (6), 858-864.
    • Carter, B., & Ford, K. (2013). Researching children's health experiences: The place for participatory, child-centered, arts-based approaches. Research in Nursing & Health, 36 (1), 95-107.
    • Clark, A., Prosser, J., & Wiles, R. (2010). Ethical issues in image-based research. Arts & Health, 2 (1), 81-93.
    • Clark-Ibanez, M. (2004). Framing the social world with photo-elicitation interviews. American Behavioral Scientist, 47 (12), 1507-1527.
    • Cook, T., & Hess, E. (2007). What the camera sees and from whose perspective. Childhood, 14 (1), 29-45.
    • Drew, S. E., Duncan, R. E., & Sawyer, S. M. (2010). Visual storytelling: A beneficial but challenging method for health research with young people. Qualitative Health Research, 20 (12), 1677-1688.
    • Epstein, I., Stevens, B., McKeever, P., & Baruchel, S. (2006). Photo elicitation interview (PEI): Using photos to elicit children's perspectives. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5 (3), 1-9.
    • Graham, A., Powell, M., & Taylor, N. (2013). Ethical research involving children. Putting evidence into practice. Family Matters, 96, 23-28.
    • Guillemin, M., & Drew, S. (2010). Questions of process in participant-generated visual methodologies. Visual Studies, 25 (2), 175-188.
    • Harper, D. (2002). Talking about Pictures: A case for photo elicitation. Visual Studies, 17 (1), 13-26.
    • Hill, M. (2006). Children's voices on ways of having a voice: Children's and young people's perspectives on methods used in research and consultation. Childhood, 13 (1), 69-89.
    • Holloway, S., & Valentine, G. (2000). Children's geographies: Playing, living, learning. London, UK: Routledge.
    • Holtby, A., Klein, K., Cook, K., & Travers, R. (2015). To be seen or not to be seen: Photovoice, queer and trans youth, and the dilemma of representation. Action Research (London, England), 13, (4) 317-335.
    • Kaplan, I., Lewis, I., & Mumba, P. (2007). Picturing global educational inclusion? Looking and thinking across students? Photographs from the UK, Zambia and Indonesia. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 7 (1), 23-35.
    • Lansdown, G. (2005). Can you hear me? The right of young children to participate in decisions affecting them. Working papers in early childhood development, no. 36. http:// www.Bibalex.Org/Search4Dev/Files/282624/114976.Pdf. The Hague, The Netherlands: Bernard van Leer Foundation.
    • Lansdown, G. (2010). The realisation of children's participation rights: Critical reflections. In N. Thomas, and B. Percy-Smith (Eds.), A handbook of children and young people's participation. Perspectives from theory and practice, 11-23. Abingdon, Oxford, UK: Rutledge.
    • Le Dantec, C. A., & Poole, E. S. (2008). The value of pictures: Photo elicitation techniques for value sensitive design. CHI, April 10. Florence Italy.
    • Liebenberg, L., Ungar, M., & Theron, L. (2014). Using video observation and photo elicitation interviews to understand obscured processes in the lives of youth resilience. Childhood, 21 (4), 532-547.
    • Mandleco, B. (2013). Research with children as participants: Photo elicitation. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 18 (1) 78-82.
    • Meo, A.I/(2010). Picturing students' habitus: The advantages and limitations of photoelicitation interviewing in a qualitative study in the city of Buenos Aires. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 9 (2), 149-171.
    • Miller, K. E. (2015). Dear critics: Addressing concerns and justifying the benefits of photography as a research method. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung /Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16 (3). http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/2434.
    • Nic Gabhainn, S., & Sixsmith, J. (2006). Children photographing well-being: Facilitating participation in research. Children and Society, 20 (4), 249-259. http://www.scopus.com/ scopus/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33747509286&partnerID=40&rel=R5.6.0.
    • Nutbrown, C. (2011). Naked by the pool? Blurring the image? Ethical issues in the portrayal of young children in arts-based educational research. Qualitative Inquiry, 17 (1), 3-14.
    • Phelan, S. K., & Kinsella, E. A. (2013). Picture this... safety, dignity, and voice-Ethical research with children: Practical considerations for the reflexive researcher. Qualitative Inquiry, 19 (2), 81-90.
    • Prosser, J. (1998). The status of image-based research. In J. Prosser (Ed.). Image-based research: A handbook for qualitative researchers. London, UK: Falmer Press.
    • Prosser, J. (2012). The moral maze of image ethics. In H. Simons, & R. Usher, (Eds.). Situated ethics in educational research., (116-132). London, UK: Routledge Falmer.
    • Radley, A., & Taylor, D. (2003). Images of recovery: A photo-elicitation study on the hospital ward. Qualitative Health Research, 13 (1), 77-99.
    • Rapport, F., Wainwright, P., & Elwyn, G. (2005). “Of the Edgelands”: Broadening the scope of qualitative methodology. Medical Humanities, 31 (1), 37-42.
    • Rollins, J. A. (2005). Tell me about it: Drawing as a communication tool for children with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 22, (4), 203-221.
    • Walker, R., Schratz, B., & Egg, P. (2008) Seeing beyond violence: Visual research applied to policy and practice. In P. Thomson (Ed.), Doing visual research with children and young people, (164-174). London, UK: Routledge.
    • Wells, F., Ritchie, D., & McPherson, A. C. (2013). “It is life threatening but I don't mind.” A qualitative study using photo elicitation interviews to explore adolescents' experiences of renal replacement therapies. Child: Care, Health & Development, 39 (4), 602-612.
    • Wiles, R., Prosser, J., Bagnoli, A., Clarke, A., Davies, K., Holland, S., & Renold, E. (2008). Visual ethics: Ethical issues in visual research. National Centre for Research Methods. NCRM Methods Review Paper. (Unpublished) Available at: http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/421/.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok