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Perks, William V.; Singh, Ravinder K.; Jones, Gareth Wyn; Twohig, Jason Peter; Williams, Anwen Sian; Humphreys, Ian R.; Taylor, Philip Russel; Jones, Simon Arnett; Wang, Eddie Chung Yern (2016)
Publisher: American Society for Investigative Pathology
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Short Communication, R1

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: immune system diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, skin and connective tissue diseases, endocrine system diseases
Death receptor 3 (DR3; TNFRSF25) and its tumor necrosis factor–like ligand TL1A (TNFSF15) control several processes in inflammatory diseases through the expansion of effector T cells and the induction of proinflammatory cytokines from myeloid and innate lymphoid cells. Using wild-type (DR3+/+) and DR3-knockout (DR3−/−) mice, we show that the DR3/TL1A pathway triggers the release of multiple chemokines after acute peritoneal inflammation initiated by a single application of Staphylococcus epidermidis supernatant, correlating with the infiltration of multiple leukocyte subsets. In contrast, leukocyte infiltration was not DR3 dependent after viral challenge with murine cytomegalovirus. DR3 expression was recorded on connective tissue stroma, which provided DR3-dependent release of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL) 2, CCL7, CXCL1, and CXCL13. CCL3, CCL4, and CXCL10 production was also DR3 dependent, but quantitative RT-PCR showed that their derivation was not stromal. In vitro cultures identified resident macrophages as a DR3-dependent source of CCL3. Whether DR3 signaling could contribute to a related peritoneal pathology was then tested using multiple applications of S. epidermidis supernatant, the repetitive inflammatory episodes of which lead to peritoneal membrane thickening and collagen deposition. Unlike their DR3+/+ counterparts, DR3−/− mice did not develop fibrosis of the mesothelial layer. Thus, this work describes both a novel function and essential requirement for the DR3/TL1A pathway in acute, resolving, and chronic inflammation in the peritoneal cavity.

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