Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bhagavatheeswaran, Lalitha; Nair, Sapna; Stone, Hollie; Isac, Shajy; Hiremath, Tejaswini; T., Raghavendra; Vadde, Kumar; Doddamane, Mahesh; Srikantamurthy, H.S.; Heise, Lori; Watts, Charlotte; Schweisfurth, Michele; Bhattacharjee, Parinita; Beattie, Tara S. (2016)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: International Journal of Educational Development
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Development, Education, Sociology and Political Science
This qualitative study explored the barriers and enablers to scheduled caste/scheduled tribe (SC/ST) adolescent girls entering into, and completing secondary education in northern Karnataka, South India. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 adolescent girls, their respective parent/guardian (n = 22) and 11 teachers, recruited purposively from 11 villages within two districts in northern Karnataka. Multiple barriers were identified to disadvantaged caste adolescent girls’ entry into and retention in education in this setting, and these operated at the individual, family, community and school levels. In addition, some enablers to education were also described. The study highlights the importance of involving multiple stakeholders to overcome the barriers to education for SC/ST girls, and of working to change beliefs and expectations around gender norms as well as improving the quality of education in this setting.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abuya, B.A., Onsomu, E.O., Moore, D., 2014. Determinants of educational exclusion: poor urban girls' experiences in- and out-of-school in Kenya. Prospects 44, 381- 394.
    • Adukia, A., 2014. Sanitation and Education. Harvard, Cambridge.
    • Blanchard, J.F., O'neil, J., Ramesh, B.M., Bhattacharjee, P., Orchard, T., Moses, S., 2005. Understanding the social and cultural contexts of female sex workers in Karnataka, India: implications for prevention of HIV infection. J. Infect. Dis. 191, S139-S146.
    • Bronfenbrenner, U., 1979. The Ecology of Human Development. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
    • Brown, G., 2012. Out of Wedlock, into School: Combating Child Marriage Through Education. Gordon and Sarah Brown, London.
    • Camfield, L., 2011. 'A girl never finishes her journey': mixing methods to understand female experiences of education in contemporary Ethiopia. Res. Pap. Educ. 26, 393-412.
    • Chismaya, G., Dejaeghere, J., Kendall, N., Khan, M.A., 2012. Gender and education for all: progress and problems in achieving gender equity. Int. J. Educ. Dev. 32, 743- 755.
    • Conde-Agudelo, A., Belizan, J.M., Lammers, C., 2005. Maternal-perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with adolescent pregnancy in Latin America: crosssectional study. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 192, 342-349.
    • DeJaeghere, J., Wiger, N.P., 2013. Gender discourses in an NGO education project: openings for transformation toward gender equality in Bangladesh. Int. J. Educ. Dev. 33 (6), 557-565.
    • Fancy, K., 2012. The State of the World's Girls 2012: Learning for Life. Plan, United Kingdom.
    • Gibbs, C.M., Wendt, A., Peters, S., Hogue, C.J., 2012. The impact of early age at first childbirth on maternal and infant health. Paediatr. Perinat. Epidemiol. 26, 259- 284.
    • Green, J., Thorogood, N., 2004. Qualitative Methods for Health Research. SAGE Publication Ltd., London.
    • Harber, C., 2004. Schooling as Violence: How Schools Harm Pupils and Societies. Routledge, London.
    • Javalkar, P.A.B., 2014. Taking Stock of Secondary Education in Bagalkot and Bijapur Districts. KHPT, Karnataka.
    • KHPT, 2012a. Exploring the Factors That Influence the Retention and Dropout of Adolescent Girls from Educational Institutions in Northern Karnataka. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust.
    • KHPT, 2012b. Know Me: A Self Exploratory Exercise to Understand Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls. A Northern Karnataka Experience. Director, Communications: Karnataka Health Promotion Trust.
    • KHPT, 2012c. World Bank Adolescent Girls Programme-Bijapur. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore.
    • Karnataka, G.O., 2008. Bijapur District. Human Development Report. Strengthening State Plans for Human Development (SSPHD) Project. Planning, Programme Monitoring and Statistics Department, Government of Karnataka. http://www. im4change.org/docs/bijapur_krnkt.pdf.
    • Kumar, R., 2007. Dalit literature: a perspective from below. In: Ahmad, I., Upadhyay, S.B. (Eds.), Dalit Assertion in Society, Literature and History. Deshkal, Delhi, pp. 121-136.
    • Leach, F., Dunne, M., Salvi, F., 2014. School-Related Gender-Based Violence: A Global Review of Current Issues and Approaches in Policy, Programming and Implantation. UNESCO, Paris.
    • Mishra, B.1, 2011. Breaking the barriers: constraints on the way to higher education for tribal girls. Soc. Sci. Int. 27, 319-325.
    • Monkman, K., 2011. Introduction: framing gender, education and empowerment. Res. Comp. Int. Educ. 6 (1), 1-13.
    • Nair, S., 2013. Situation Analysis of Adolescent Girls from Marginalised Communities in Bijapur and Bagalkot. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust.
    • Nanda, P., Das, P., Singh, A., Negi, R., 2013. Addressing Comprehensive Needs of Adolescent Girls in India: A Potential for Creating Livelihoods. International Center for Research on Women, Delhi.
    • Nayar, U.S., 2011. Gender equity and girl child in India. J. Psychosoc. Res. 6, 11-21.
    • Nightingale, A.J., 2011. Bounding difference: intersectionality and the material production of gender: class and environment in Nepal. Geoforum 42 (2), 153- 162.
    • OECD, 2012. Social Institutions and Gender Index: Understanding the Drivers of Gender Inequality. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.
    • Olcott, M., 1944. The caste system of India. Am. Sociol. Rev. 9, 648-657.
    • Orchard, T.R., 2007. Girl, woman, lover, mother: towards a new understanding of child prostitution among young Devadasis in rural Karnataka, India. Soc. Sci. Med. 64, 2379-2390.
    • Pope, C., Ziebland, S., Mays, N., 2000. Analysing qualitative data. Br. Med. J. 320, 114- 116.
    • Purkayastha, B., Subramaniam, M., Desai, M., Bose, S., 2003. The study of gender in India: a partial review. Gender Soc. 17 (4), 503-524.
    • Roby, J.L., Lambert, M.J., Lambert, J., 2009. Barriers to girls' education in Mozambique at household and community levels: an exploratory study. Int. J. Soc. Welf. 18, 342-353.
    • Santhya, K.G., 2011. Early marriage and sexual and reproductive health vulnerabilities of young women: a synthesis of recent evidence from developing countries. Curr. Opin. Obstet. Gynecol. 23, 334-339.
    • Siddhu, G., 2010. Can Families in Rural India Bear the Additional Burden of Secondary Education? Investigating the Determinants of Transition. University of Sussex: CREATE.
    • Stromquist, N., Fischmann, G.E., 2009. From denouncing gender inequities to undoing gender in education: practices and programmes toward change in the social relation of gender. Int. Rev. Educ. 55 (5), 463-482.
    • Stromquist, N., 2002. Education as a means for empowering women. In: Parpart, Jane L., Rai, Shirin M., Staudt, Kathleen A. (Eds.), Rethinking Empowerment: Gender and Development in a Global/Local World. Routledge, London, pp. 22- 37.
    • Tanye, M., 2008. Access and barriers to education for ghanaian women and girls. Interchange 39, 167-184.
    • Temin, M., Levine, R., 2009. Start with a Girl: A New Agenda for Global Health. Center for Global Development, Washington, D.C.
    • UNESCO, 2014. EFA Global Monitoring Report Teaching and Learning: Achieving Quality for All. UNESCO, Paris.
    • UNESCO, 2015. EFA Global Monitoring Report. Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges. UNESCO, Paris.
    • UNICEF, 2011. A Continuum of Care for Adolescent Girls in South Asia: Defining the Issues, Synthesizing Evidence, and Working Towards a Policy Agenda. UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia.
    • UNICEF, 2014a. Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children: A Situational Study of India. UNICEF, Delhi.
    • UNICEF, 2014b. South asia regional study covering Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children. UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    • UNICEF, 2015. Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All: Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children. UIS, Montreal.
    • USAID, 2008. Education from a Gender Equality Perspective. USAID Office of Women in Development.
    • Unterhalter, E., 2007. Gender, Schooling and Global Social Justice. Routledge, London.
    • Unterhalter, E., 2014. Thinking about gender in comparative education. Comp. Educ. 50 (1), 112-113.
    • WHO, 2014. Adolescent Pregnancy Fact Sheet [Online]. . http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article