Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Evans, Lisa H.; Herron, Jane E.; Wilding, Edward L. (2015)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal: Psychological Science
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: episodic memory, task-set inertia, task switching, recollection, Research Articles, ERPs
One influential explanation for the costs incurred when switching between tasks is that they reflect interference arising from completing the previous task—known as task-set inertia. We report a novel approach for assessing task-set inertia in a memory experiment using event-related potentials (ERPs). After a study phase, participants completed a test block in which they switched between a memory task (retrieving information from the study phase) and a perceptual task. These tasks alternated every two trials. An ERP index of the retrieval of study information was evident in the memory task. It was also present on the first trial of the perceptual task but was markedly attenuated on the second. Moreover, this task-irrelevant ERP activity was positively correlated with a behavioral cost associated with switching between tasks. This real-time measure of neural activity thus provides direct evidence of task-set inertia, its duration, and the functional role it plays in switch costs.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Allport, A., Styles, E. A., & Hsieh, S. (1994). Shifting intentional set: Exploring the dynamic control of tasks. In C. Umilta & M. Moscovitch (Eds.), Attention and performance XV (pp. 421-452). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    • Bergstrom, Z. M., Velmans, M., de Fockert, J., & RichardsonKlavehn, A. (2007). ERP evidence for successful voluntary avoidance of conscious recollection. Brain Research, 1151, 119-133.
    • Coltheart, M. (1981). The MRC Psycholinguistic Database. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 33A, 497-505.
    • Evans, L. H., Wilding, E. L., Hibbs, C. S., & Herron, J. E. (2010). An electrophysiological study of boundary conditions for control of recollection in the exclusion task. Brain Research, 1324, 43-53.
    • Friedman, D., & Johnson, R. (2000). Event-related potential (ERP) studies of memory encoding and retrieval: A selective review. Microscopy Research & Techniques, 51, 6-28.
    • Herron, J. E., & Rugg, M. D. (2003). Strategic influences on recollection in the exclusion task: Electrophysiological evidence. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10, 703-710.
    • Jasper, H. H. (1958). Report of the Committee on Methods of Clinical Examination in Electroencephalography. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 370-375.
    • Kiesel, A., Steinhauser, M., Wendt, M., Falkenstein, M., Jost, K., Philipp, A. M., & Koch, I. (2010). Control and interference in task switching-a review. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 849-874.
    • Lakens, D. (2013). Calculating and reporting effect sizes to facilitate cumulative science: A practical primer for t-tests and ANOVAs. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, Article 863. Retrieved from http:// journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00863/full Loftus, G. R., & Masson, M. E. J. (1994). Using confidence intervals in within-subjects designs. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 476-490.
    • Longman, C. S., Lavric, A., & Monsell, S. (2013). More attention to attention? An eye-tracking investigation of selection of perceptual attributes during a task switch. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 1142-1151.
    • Mecklinger, A., Parra, M., & Waldhauser, G. T. (2009). ERP correlates of intentional forgetting. Brain Research, 1255, 132-147.
    • Monsell, S. (2003). Task switching. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 134-140.
    • Monsell, S., Yeung, N., & Azuma, R. (2000). Reconfiguration of task-set: Is it easier to switch to the weaker task? Psychological Research, 63, 250-264.
    • Richter, F. R., & Yeung, N. (2012). Memory and cognitive control in task switching. Psychological Science, 23, 1256-1263.
    • Richter, F. R., & Yeung, N. (2014). Neuroimaging studies of task switching. In J. Grange & G. Houghton (Eds.), Task switching and cognitive control (pp. 237-271). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    • Rogers, R. D., & Monsell, S. (1995). Costs of a predictable switch between simple cognitive tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124, 207-231.
    • Semlitsch, H. V., Anderer, P., Schuster, P., & Presslich, O. (1986). A solution for reliable and valid reduction of ocular artifacts, applied to the P300 ERP. Psychophysiology, 23, 695-703.
    • Vandierendonck, A., Liefooghe, B., & Verbruggen, F. (2010). Task switching: Interplay of reconfiguration and interference control. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 601-626.
    • Wilding, E. L., Doyle, M. C., & Rugg, M. D. (1995). Recognition memory with and without retrieval of context: An eventrelated potential study. Neuropsychologia, 33, 743-767.
    • Wilding, E. L., & Rugg, M. D. (1997). An event-related potential study of memory for words spoken aloud or heard. Neuropsychologia, 35, 1185-1195.
    • Wilding, E. L., & Sharpe, H. (2003). Episodic memory encoding and retrieval: Recent insights from event-related potentials. In A. Zani & A. Mado Proverbio (Eds.), The cognitive electrophysiology of mind and brain (pp. 169-196). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
    • Wylie, G., & Allport, A. (2000). Task switching and the measurement of “switch costs.” Psychological Research, 63, 212-233.
    • Wylie, G. R., Javitt, D. C., & Foxe, J. J. (2006). Jumping the gun: Is effective preparation contingent upon anticipatory activation in task-relevant neural circuitry? Cerebral Cortex, 16, 394-404.
    • Yeung, N., & Monsell, S. (2003). Switching between tasks of unequal familiarity: The role of stimulus-attribute and response-set selection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29, 455-469.
    • Yeung, N., Nystrom, L. E., Aronson, J. A., & Cohen, J. D. (2006). Between-task competition and cognitive control in task switching. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 1429-1438.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

Cite this article