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Vigani, Mauro; Olper, Alessandro (2012)
Publisher: LICOS Leuven
Types: Research
Subjects: SB175_Food, SB183_Field, political economics, GMO standards, SB, Q13, GMO standards, political economics, media market, Agricultural and Food Policy, Environmental Economics and Policy, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Political Economy, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies, Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession, D72, Q13, Q16, Q18,, NE, Q16, Q18, HB, JF, media market, D72
ddc: ddc:330
The paper develops a composite index of GMO standards restrictiveness for 60 countries, assigning objective scores to six different regulatory dimensions. Using this index and its components, we empirically investigate the political and economic determinants of GMO regulations for 55 countries, controlling for spatial autocorrelation. Results show that many of the determinants highlighted in the theoretical literature, such as the structure of the agricultural sector and the institutional environment are important determinants of the restrictiveness of the GMO regulation. As a key result there emerges a prominent role of the market for information, showing that the structure of domestic mass media (public vs. private) is an important driver of GMO standards.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, K. and Jackson, L.A., 2004. Standards, trade and protection: the case of GMOs. Selected Paper for the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, July 1-4, 2004
    • Anderson, K., Damania, R., Jackson, L.A., 2004. Trade, Standards, and the Political Economy of Genetically Modified Food. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3395. Washington DC: The World Bank.
    • Bouet, A., Decreux, Y., Fontagné, L., Jean, S., Laborde, D., 2008. Assessing Applied Protection across the World. Review of International Economics, 16(5): 850-863.
    • Curtis, K., McCluskey, J.J. and Swinnen, J., 2008. Differences in global risk perceptions of biotechnology and the political economy of the media. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 8(1/2): 77-89.
    • Djankov, S., McLiesh, C., Nenova, T. and Shleifer, A., 2003. Who Owns The Media? Journal of Law and Economics, 46: 341-381.
    • Esty, D.C. and Porter, M.E., 2001. “Ranking national environmental regulation and performance: a leading indicator of future competitiveness?”, in M.E. Porter, J.
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