LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Wong, Hung
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HD
This study explores the rise of marginal workers in Britain and Hong Kong after the Second World War and argues that marginal workers are not minor, unimportant, powerless and transient elements of capitalist development. Marginal workers, however, are important and indispensable to the development of capitalism in both regions. The work and life histories of marginal workers in Britain and Hong Kong show that gender and ethnic inequalities are articulated through and intensified by class inequality. The overlapping of these inequalities creates different subgroups of marginal workers.\ud \ud The marginalisation of labour is the process of the identification and separation of marginal groups from mainstream society. With assistance from the state, capital has been able to increase its exploitation of and control over labour through intensified gender, ethnic, occupational and international divisions of labour.\ud \ud This thesis argues that marginal is critical. A marginal class location induces a marginal class consciousness, which is a counter, non-conforming and cynical attitude towards oppression and exploitation. Nonetheless, while the consciousness of British marginal workers is more aggressive, radical and well shaped, that of marginal workers in Hong Kong is more self-defensive, conservative and amorphous. This thesis suggests that these different patterns of marginal consciousness are a product of their distinctive class formation process: marginal workers in Britain have undergone a 'sedimentary' class formation, their counterparts in Hong Kong have undergone a 'disrupted' class formation.\ud \ud The 'sedimentary class formation' of marginal workers in Britain is structured by its marginal trap of downward mobility and low geographical mobility at the macro level, alongside active shop-floor struggle and strong trade unionism at the macro level. The 'disrupted class formation' of marginal workers in Hong Kong is caused by its permeable class structure and covert class struggle, alongside the lack of shop-floor trade union organisers and experience of struggle.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Working Population by Industry, Hong Kong, 1981, 1986,1991,1996
    • 3 For a discussion of the difference between Fordism and post-Fordism see Harvey {1987} and Brehony (1995); Lipietz (1986) suggests another concept, 'peripheral Fordism', to describe the international division of labour between core and peripheral Fordism.
    • • See Hakim (1995b), Allen (1994) and Henderson and Castells {1987} for global restructuring; Newby et al. (1985) for geographical recession and reorganization; Piore and Sable {1984} and Linler and Salaman {1984} for flexible production and the reorganisation of work; Akinson and Gregory {1986} for flexible management strategy at enterprise level.
    • 9 Various notorious industrial accidents in Asia were reported in Asian Labour Update issue 21, Apri11996 and issue 24, June 1997.
    • 10 Robin Cohen firstly introduced this term in his work, The new Helots, in 1987 (Cohen, 1987). I will discuss this concept in Chapter 3.
    • Aldrich, H.E., Cater, J.C., Jones, T.P. and McEvoy, D. (1981) 'Business Development and Self-segregation: Asian Enterprise in Three British Cities', in C. Peach, V. Robinson, and S. Smith (eds.), Ethnic Segregation in Cities, London: Croom Helm, 170-90.
    • AlIen, S. (1994) 'Restructuring the World', Work, Employment and Society, 8, 1, 113-26.
    • AlIen, S. and Wolkowitz, C. (1987) Homeworking: Myths and Realities, Basingstoke: Macmillan Education Ltd.
    • Arrighi, G. (1994) The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power and the Origins 0/Our Times, London: Verso.
    • Atkinson, J. (1985) 'Flexibility: Planning for an Uncertain Future', Manpower Policy and Practice, 1, Summer, 26-9.
    • Atkinson, P. (1990) The Ethnographic Imagination: Textual Construction 0/ Reality, London: Routledge.
    • Barrett, M. (1984) 'Rethinking Women's Oppression: A Reply to Brenner and Ramas', New Left Review, 146, 123-8.
    • Barron, R.D. and Norris, G.M. (1976) Sexual Divisions and the Dual Labour Market', in D.L. Barker and S. AlIen (eds.), Dependence and Expolitation in Work and Marriage, London: Longman, 47-69.
    • Bell, D. (1974) The Coming 0/ Post-Industrial Society: a Venture in Social Forecasting, London: Heinemann.
    • Bell, I., Houston, N. and Heyes, R. (1997) 'Workless Households, Unemployment and Economic Inactivity', Labour Market Trends, September 1997, 339- 45.
    • Bendix, R and Lipset, S.M. (1967) Class, Status and Power (2nd ed.), London: Routledge.
    • Bertaux, D. and Thompson, P. (1997) Pathways to Social Class, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    • Blanchflower, D. and Richard, B.F. (1994) 'Did the Thatcher Refonns Change British Labour Market Perfonnance?', in R Barrell (ed.), The UK Labour Market: Comparative Aspects and Institutional Developments, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 51-92.
    • Bosch, G., Dawkins, P. and Michon, F. (eds.) (1993) Times are Changing: Working Time in 14 Industrialised Countries, Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies.
    • Bourdieu, P. and Wacquant, L.lD. (1992) An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    • Boyer, Rand Durand, lP. (1997) L 'apresjordisme (After Fordism) (Mair, Sybil Hyacinth, Trans.), Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.
    • Braudel, F. (1982) The Wheels ofCommerce, New York: Harper & Row.
    • Bravennan, H. (1974) Labor and Monopoly Capital: the Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century, London: Monthly Review Press.
    • Brehony, K.J. (1995) 'The Welfare State', Work, Employment and Society, 9,2, 389-91.
    • Brenner, J. and Ramas, M. (1984) 'Rethinking Women's Oppression', New Left Review, 144,33-71.
    • Brimstone, L. (1991) 'Out of the Margins and Into the Soup: Some Thoughts on Incorporation', in J. Aaron and S. Walby (eds.), Out of the Margins: Women's Studies in the Nineties, London: Falmer Press, 119-30.
    • Bryman, A. (1988) Quantity and Quality in Social Research, London: Unwin Hyman.
    • Burawoy, M. (1979) Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labour Process under Monopoly Capitalism, Chicago: Chicago University Press.
    • Burgess, RG. (1984) In the Field: An introduction to Field Research, London: Routledge.
    • Byron, M. (1994) Post-war Caribbean Migration to Britain: the Unfinished Cycle, Aldershot: Avebury.
    • Carchedi, G. (1975) 'On the Economic Identification of the New Middle Class', Economy and Society, 4, 1, 2-26.
    • Cashmore, E. and Troyna, B. (eds.) (1982) Black Youth in Crisis, London: George AlIen & Unwin.
    • Castells, M. and Henderson, 1. (1987) 'Techno-economic Restructuring, Sociopolitical Processes and Spatial Transfonnation: A Global Perspective', in J. Henderson and M. Castells (eds.), Global Restructuring and Territorial Development, London: Sage, 1-17.
    • Castells, M. and Portes, A. (1989) 'World Underneath: The Origins, Dynamics, and Effects of the Informal Economy' in A. Portes, M. CasteIls and L.A. Benton (eds.), The Informal Economy: Studies in Advanced and Less Developed Countries, Baltimore, Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press, 11-40.
    • Castells, M., Goh, L. and Kwok, R.Y.W., with Kee, T.L. (1988) Economic Development and Housing Policy in the Asian Pacific Rim: a Comparative Study of Hong Kong, Singapore, and Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, BerkeIey: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California at Berkeley.
    • Castles, S. and Miller, MJ. (1993) The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, Basingstoke: MacMillan Press.
    • Census and Statistics Department (1983) Hong Kong 1981 Census Main Reports Vol. 1 Analysis, Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department.
    • Chan, K.W., Leung, L.e. and Ng, C.H. (1998) 'The Hidden Unemployment in Hong Kong', Hong Kong: unpublished paper.
    • Chen, C.Z. (Ft1r"k) (1994) Mutual Help Network and Life Structure: a SocioEconomical Analysis ofthe Medium and Small Size Entreprises in Taiwan, (f/J/],#l/#'$-Jl!.!1. it-.tjfl: :I:;~'« rF ,1, :01lQ!;j.l. ft.~~7J\...fJf) Tai Bei: Lian Jing Publishing. (in Chinese)
    • Cheng, L.L. and Gereffi, G. (1994) 'The Infonnal Economy in East Asian Development', International Journal ofUrban and Regional Research, 18, I, 194-219.
    • Chiu, W.K., Ho, K.C. and Lui, T.L. (1997) City-States in the Global Economy: Industrial Restructuring in Hong Kong and Singapore, Oxford: Westview Press.
    • Clarke, S. (1988) Keynesianism, Monetarism, and the Crisis of the State, Aldershot: E. Elgar.
    • Clement, W. and Myles, J. (1994) Relations of Ruling: Class, Gender and Postindustrialism in Comparative Perspective, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    • Cohen, R. (1987) The New Helots: Migrants in the International Division of Labour, Aldershot: Gower.
    • Cohen, R. (1991) Contested Domains: Debates in International Labour Studies, London: Zeds Book Ltd.
    • Cole, M. (1993) , "Black and Ethnic Minority" or "Asian, Black and other Minority Ethnic": A Further Note on Nomenclature', Sociology, 27, 4, 671-73.
    • Coliins, H. (1990) 'Independent Contractors and the Challenge of Vertical Disintegration to Employment Protection Laws', Oxford Journal ofLegal Studies, 10,3,353-80.
    • Cousins, C. (1994) 'Comparison of the Labour Market Position of Women in Spain and the UK with Reference to the "Flexible" Labour Debate', Work, Employment and Society, 8, 1,45-67.
    • Craig, C., Garnsey, E. and Rubery, J. (1985) Paymnet Structures in Smaller Firms: Women's Employment in Segmented Labour Markets, Dept. of Employment Research Paper no.48, London: Dept. of Employment.
    • Craig, C., Rubery, 1., Tarling, R. and Wilkinson, F. (1982) Labour Market Structure, Industrial Organization and Low Pay, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Crompton, R. and Mann, M. (eds.) (1986) Gender and Stratification, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    • Crompton, R. (1990) 'Professions in the Current Context', Work, Employment and Society, special issue, May, 147-66.
    • Crompton, R. (1991) 'Three Varieties of Class Anhlysis: Comment on R. E. PaW', International Journal ofUrban and Regional Research, 15, 108-13.
    • Crompton, R. (1993) Class and Stratification: An Introduction to Current Debates, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    • Hakim, C. (1995b) '1991 Census SARs: Opportunities and Pitfalls in the Labour Market Data', Work, Employment and Society, 9,3,569-82.
    • Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P. (1983) Ethnography: Principles in Practice, London: Tavistock.
    • Harris, N. (1986) The End of Third World: Newly Industrializing Countries and the Decline ofan Ideology, London: I.B. Tauris.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article