LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Semmens-Wheeler, Rebecca (2013)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: BF0309, RC0490
Two key questions underpin the research presented here. Firstly, how does altered higher order awareness contribute to hypnotic experience? Secondly, how do meditation and hypnosis differ in terms of the role of higher order awareness? These questions are addressed here in the form of four papers. In the first paper I review the literatures of hypnosis and meditation in order to consider the similarities and differences between meditation and hypnosis in terms of the role of attentional skill and the neural underpinnings of each. I then draw conclusions regarding the contrasting role of higher order awareness and metacognition in meditation and hypnosis. Paper two explores higher order awareness in hypnosis by comparing the effects of alcohol, compared to placebo, on hypnotisability and associated frontal lobe executive functioning. Paper three compares meditation and hypnosis by investigating differences in higher order thoughts, mindfulness, absorption and perceptual encoding style as revealed by self-report measures. The final paper takes a broader look at higher order awareness and its relation to the experience of agency and involuntariness in hypnotic suggestion using a Libet type paradigm.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Dziuban, C.D. & Shirkey, E.C. (1974). When is a correlation matrix appropriate for factor analysis? Some decision rules. Psychological Bulletin, 81(6), 358-361.
    • Eckert, M. A., Menon, V., Walczak, A., Ahlstrom, J., Denslow, S., Horwitz. A., & Dubno, J. (2009). At the heart of the ventral attention system: The right anterior insula. Human Brain Mapping, 30(8), 2530-2541.
    • Egner, T., Jamieson, G. & Gruzelier, .J (2005). Hypnosis decouples cognitive control from conflict monitoring processes of the frontal lobe. Neuroimage 27(4), 969-78.
    • Engstrom, D., Perry, P., & Hart, J. (1970). Hypnotic Susceptibility increased by EEG Alpha Training. Nature, 227, 1261-1262.
    • Farb, N., Segal, Z., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D, Fatima, Z. & Anderson, A. (2007). Attending to the present: Mindfulness meditation reveal distinct neural modes of self-reference. Social and Affective Neuroscience, 2(4), 313-322.
    • Farvolden P and Woody EZ. Hypnosis, memory, and frontal executive functioning. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 52(1):3-26.
    • Fernandez-Duque, D., Baird, J. A., & Posner, M. I. (2000). Executive attention and metacognitive regulation. Consciousness and Cognition, 9, 288-307.
    • Fillimore, M. & Weafer, J. (2004) Alcohol impairment of behaviour in men and women. Addiction 99(10), 1237-4
    • Finnigan F Shulze D and Smallwood J (2011). Alcohol and the wandering mind: A new direction in the study of alcohol on attentional lapses. International Journal on Disability and Human Development. 6(2), 189-199.
    • Fleming, S.M., Weil, R.S., Nagy, Z., Dolan, R.J., and Rees, G. Relating Introspective Accuracy to Individual Differences in Brain Structure. Science, 329, 1541-1543, 2010.
    • Gearan, P. & Kirsch, I. (1993). Response expectancy as a mediator of hypnotisability modification. A brief communication. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 41(2), 84-91.
    • Gill, T (2000). Individual differences in schema activation, as measured by the Revised Nisroe (The Encoding Style Questionnaire). Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Tulsa, Tulsa.
    • Goleman, D. J. & Schwartz, G.E. (1976). Meditation as an intervention in stress reactivity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44(3), 456-466.
    • Gombrich, R. F. (1996). How Buddhism began: The conditioned genesis of the early teachings. Muchiram Manoharlal Publishers.
    • Gorassini, D. (2004), Enhancing Hypnotzability. In M. Heap, R. J. Brown & D. A. Oakley (Eds.). The Highly Hypnotisable Person. New York: Brunner-Routledge.
    • Green, J.P. and Lynn, S.J. (2011) Hypnotic responsiveness: expectancy, attitudes, fantasy proneness, absorption, and gender. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 59(1),103-21.
    • Gruzelier, J. (1998). A working model of the neurophysiology of hypnosis: a review of evidence. Contemporary Hypnosis, 15, 3-21.
    • Gruzelier, J. (2006) Frontal functions, connectivity and neural efficiency underpinning hypnosis and hypnotic susceptibility. Contemporary. Hypnosis 23: 15-32.
    • Gruzelier, J. & Warren, K. (1993). Neuropsychological evidence of reductions on left frontal tests with hypnosis. Psychological Medicine, 23, 93-101.
    • Gundersen, H., Specht, K., Grüner, R., Ersland, L. & Hugdah, K. (2008). Separating the effects of alcohol and expectancy on brain activation: An fMRI working memory study. Neuroimage 42(4), 1587-1596.
    • Gyatso, G. K. (2005). Mahamudra Tantra: The supreme heart jewel nectar, a reduction to meditation on tantra. Cumbria, UK: Tharpa Publications.
    • Haggard, P., Cartledge, P., Dafydd, M. & Oakley, D.A. (2004). Anomalous control: When free-will is not conscious. Consciousness and Cognition 13, 646-654.
    • Hanh, T. N., & Nquyen, A. (2006). Walking meditation. Louisville, CO: Sounds True Inc.
    • Heap, M., Brown, R. J., & Oakley, D. A. (Eds.) (2004) The Highly Hypnotisable Person. London, England: Routledge.
    • Heide, F. J., Wadlington, W. L., & Lundy, R. M. (1980). Hypnotic responsivity as a predictor of outcome in meditation. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 28, 358-385.
    • Herndon, F. (2008). Testing mindfulness with perceptual and cognitive factors: External vs. internal encoding, and the cognitive failures questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(1), 32-41.
    • Hilgard, E. R. (1977). Divided consciousness: Multiple controls in human thought and action. New York, NY: Wiley-Interscience.
    • Hilgard E.R. (1965). Hypnotic suggestibility. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World.
    • Hilgard, E.R. (1977). Divided consciousness: multiple controls in human thought and action. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
    • Hilgard, E.R. & Tart, C.T. (1966) Responsiveness to suggestions following waking and imagination intstuctions and following induction of hypnosis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 71(3), 196-208.
    • Hine, K.M. (2009) Gender Roles and Desire for Control as Predictors of Hypnotic Responsiveness. Unpublished undergraduate dissertation, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario.
    • Holroyd, J. C. (2003). The science of meditation and the state of hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 46(2), 109-128.
    • Hölzel, B. K., Ott, U., Hempel, H., Hackl, A., Wolf, K., Stark, R., & Vaitl, D. (2007). Differential engagement of anterior cingulate and adjacent medial frontal cortex in adept meditators and non-meditators. Neuroscience Letters, 421, 16-21.
    • Hurlburt, R. T., & Schwitzgebel, E. (2007). Describing inner experience: Proponent meets skeptic. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    • Iani, C., Ricci, F., Baroni, G. & Rubichi, S. (2009). Attention control and susceptibility to hypnosis, Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 856-863.
    • Iani, C., Ricci, F., Gherri, E. & Rubichi, S. (2006). Hypnotic suggestion modulates cognitive conflict. Psychological Science, 17, 721-727.
    • Jamieson, G. (Ed.), (2007). Hypnosis and conscious states: The cognitive neuroscience perspective. Oxford University Press, pp 293-314.
    • Jamieson, G. A. & Woody, E. Z. (2007). Dissociated control as a paradigm for cognitive neuroscience research and theorizing in hypnosis. In G. Jamieson (Ed.). Hypnosis and conscious states: The cognitive neuroscience perspective (pp 111-129). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    • Jamieson. G. A., & Sheehan, P. W. (2002). A critical evaluation of the relationship between sustained attentional abilities and hypnotic susceptibility. Contemporary Hypnosis, 119, 62-74.
    • Jensen, C. G., Vangkilde, S., Frokjaer, V., & Hasselbalch, S. G. (2012). Mindfulness training affects attention-or is it attentional effort? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 106-123.
    • Jha, A., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. J. (2007) Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioural Neuroscience, 7(2), 109-119.
    • Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Dell Publishing.
    • Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Some clinical applications of mindfulness meditation in medicine and psychiatry: The case for mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). In J. Kabat-Zinn, R. Davidson & Z. Houshmand (Eds.) The mind's own physician: A scientific dialogue with the Dalai Lama on the healing power of meditation. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
    • Kabat-Zinn, J., Davidson, R. & Houshmand, Z. (Eds.) (1985). The mind's own physician: A scientific dialogue with the Dalai Lama on the healing power of meditation. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
    • Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion, A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., Santorelli, S. F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders, American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(7), 936-943.
    • Kabat-Zinn, J., Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. W. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy for depression. New York, NY: The Guildford Press.
    • Kähkönen, S., Wilenius, J., Nikulin, V., Ollinkainen, M & Ilmoniemi, R. (2003). Alcohol reduces prefrontal cortical excitability in humans: a combined TMS and EEG study. Neuropsychopharmacology, 28: 747-754.
    • Kaiser, J., Barker, R., Haenschel, C., Baldeweg, T., & Gruzelier, J. H. (1997). Hypnosis and event-related potential correlates of error-processing in a Stroop type paradigm: A test of the frontal hypothesis. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 27, 215-222.
    • Kallio, S., Revonsuo, A., Hämäläinen, H., Markela, J., & Gruzelier, J. (2001). Anterior brain functions and hypnosis: A test of the frontal hypothesis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 49, 95-108.
    • Kamalashila. (1992). Meditation: The Buddhist way of tranquility and insight. Cambridge, England: Windhorse Publications.
    • Kamalashila, (2012). Buddhist Meditation -Tranquility, Imagination and Insight, Cambridge: Windhorse Publications.
    • Karlin, R. J. (1979). Hypnotisability and attention. Journal of Abnonnal Psychology, 88(1), 92-95.
    • Kelly, S.F., Fisher, S., Kelly, R.J. (1978). Effects of cannabis intoxication on primary suggestibility. Psychopharmacology, 56(2):217-9.
    • Kihlstrom, J. (2008). The domain of hypnosis, revisited. In Nash, M. & Barnier, A. (Eds.) The Oxford handbook of hypnosis: Theory, research and practice, (pp. 21-52), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • Kirsch I. (1985). Response expectancy as a determinant of experience and behaviour. American Psychologist, 40, 1189-1202.
    • Kirsch, I. (1991). The social learning theory of hypnosis. In S. J. Lynn & J. W, Rhue (Eds.), Theories of hypnosis: Current models and perspectives (pp. 439-465).
    • Kirsch, I. (1997). Suggestibility or hypnosis: What do you scales really measure? International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 45, 212-225.
    • Kirsch, I. (2011). Suggestibility and suggestive modulation of the Stroop effect. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 335-336.
    • Kirsch, I., & Braffman, W. (1999). Correlates of hypnotisability: The first empirical study. Contemporary Hypnosis, 16: 224-230
    • Kirsch I, Cardeña E, Derbyshire, S, Dienes Z, Heap M, Kallio S, Mazzoni G, Naish P, Oakley D, Potter C, Walters V, Whalley M. (2011). Definitions of Hypnosis and Hypnotisability and their Relation to Suggestion and Suggesitibility: A Consensus Statement. Contemporary Hypnosis and Integrative Therapy, 28(2), 107-11.
    • Kirsch, I., & Lynn, S. J. (1995). The Altered State of Hypnosis - Changes in the Theoretical Landscape. American Psychologist, 50(10), 846-858.
    • Kirsch, I., Silva, C.E.. Carone, J.E., Johnston, J. D.; Barry, S. (1989) Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98(2), May 1989, 132-136.
    • Koriat, A. (2007) Metacognition and consciousness. In P. D. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, & E. Thompson (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of consciousness (pp. 289-325). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    • Kubose, S. (1976). An experimental investigation into the psychological aspects of meditation. Cited in D. Shapiro, & R. Walsh (Eds.). The science of meditation: Research, theory and practice. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
    • Lau, H. C., & Passingham, R. E. (2006). Relative blindsight in normal observers and the neural correlate of visual consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 103, 18763-18768.
    • Lau, M. A., Bishop, S. R., Segal, Z. V., Buis, T., Anderson, N.D., Carlson, L., Shapiro, S., Carmody, J., Abbey, S. & Devins, G. (2006). The Toronto mindfulness scale: Development and validation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(12), 1445-67.
    • Lazar, S. W., Kerr, C., Wasserman, R. H., Gray, J. R., Greve, D., Treadway, M. T., … Fischl, B. (2005). Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. NeuroReport, 16, 1893-1897.
    • Lewicki, P. (2005). Internal and external encoding style and social motivation. In J. P.
    • Libet, B., Gleason, C. A., Wright, E. W. & Pearl, D. K. (1983). Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act. Brain, 106, 623-642.
    • Lichtenberg, P., Bachner-Melman, R., Gritsenko, I., & Ebstein, R. P. (2000). Exploratory association study between catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) high/low enzyme activity polymorphism and hypnotisability. American Journal of Medical Genetics 96, 771-774.
    • Liftshitz, M., Campbell, N. and Raz, A. (2012). Varieties of attention in hypnosis and meditation. Consciousness and Cognition, 21: 1582-1585.
    • Loeber, S. & Duka, T. (2009). Acute alcohol impairs conditioning of a behavioural rewardseeking response and inhibitory control processes--implications for addictive disorders. Addiction 104(12): 2013-22.
    • Lutz, A., Brefczynski-Lewis, J., Johnstone, T., Davidson, R. J. (2008) Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise. PLoS ONE, 3(3), e1897.
    • Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(4), 163-169.
    • Lutz, A., Slagter, H., Rawlings, N. B., Francis, A. D., Greischar, L. L., & Davidson, R. J. (2009). Mental training enhances attentional stability: Neural and behavioural evidence. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 13418-13427.
    • Lutz, A., Dunne, J., & Davidson, R. (2007). The Neuroscience of Meditation. In P. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, E. Thompson (Eds.) Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    • Lynn, S. J., Das, L. S., Hallquist, M. N., & Williams, J. C. (2006). Mindfulness, acceptance, and hypnosis: Cognitive and clinical perspectives. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 54(2), 143-166.
    • Lynn, S. J., Kirsch, I., & Hallquist, M. (2008). Social cognitive theories of hypnosis. In M. R. Nash, & A. Barnier (Eds.). The Oxford handbook of hypnosis: Theory, research and practice (pp. 111-140). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press
    • Lynn, S. J., & Rhue, J. W. (1986). The fantasy-prone person: hypnosis, imagination, and creativity. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 5(2), 404-408.
    • Lynn, S. J., & Rhue, J. W. (1988). Fantasy proneness: Hypnosis, developmental antecedents, and psychopathology. American Psychologist, 43: 35-44.
    • Lynn, S.J. & Rhue, J.W. (Eds.) (1991), Theories of hypnosis: Current models and perspectives. New York, Guilford Press.
    • Lyons, L. & Crawford, H. (1997). Sustained attentional and disattentional abilities and arousability: Factor analysis and relationships to hypnotic susceptibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 23(6), 1071-1084
    • Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Terhune, D. & Cardeña, E. ( 2012). Individual differences and state effects on mind-wandering: Hypnotisability, dissociation and sensory homogenization. 21, 1097-1108.
    • Marinkovic, K., Rickenbacher, E., Azma, S. and Artsy, E. (2012). Acute alcohol intoxication impairs top-down regulation of Stroop incongruity as revealed by bloody oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging. Human Brain mapping, 33, 319-333.
    • McGeown, W. Mazzoni, G., Venneri, A. & Kirsch, I. (2009). Hypnotic induction decreases anterior default mode activity. Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 848-855.
    • McConkey. K.M., Glisky, M.L., & Kihlstrom, .J.F. (1998). Individual differences among hypnotic virtuosos: A case comparison. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 17, 131-140.
    • Mehrabian, A. & Russell, J.A. (1978). A questionnaire measure of habitual alcohol use. Psychological Report 43, 803-806.
    • Mura, G. (Ed.) (2010). Metaplasticity in Virtual Worlds: Aesthetics and Semantics Concepts, Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Publishing.
    • Nadon, R., Hoyt, I., Register, P., & Kihlstrom, J. (1991). Absorption and hypnotisability: Context effects re-examined. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(1), 144-153.
    • Naish, P. (1986). What is Hypnosis? Current Theories and Research. Philadephia: Open University Press.
    • Nash, M. & Barnier, A. (Eds.), (2008). The Oxford Handbook of Hypnosis: Theory, Research, and Practice. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press
    • Nelson, T. O., & Narens, I. (1990). Metamemory: A theoretical framework and new findings. In G. Bower, (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (pp. 12 5-17 3). New York, NY: Academic Press.
    • Norman, D., & Shallice, T. (1986). Attention to action: Willed and automatic control of behaviour. In R. Davidson, G. Schwartz, & D. Shapiro (Eds.), Consciousness and self-regulation: Advances in research and theory, Vol.4. pp. 1-18. New York: Plenum.
    • Oakley, D. A. (2008). Hypnosis, trance and suggestion: Evidence from neuroimaging. In M. R. Nash & A. Barnier (Eds.). The Oxford handbook of hypnosis: Theory, research and practice (pp. XXXX). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    • Orne, M.T. (1971). The simulation of hypnosis: Why, how, and what it means. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 19, 183-210.
    • Parris, B.A., Dienes, Z. and Hodgson, T. L., (2012). Temporal constraints of the post hypnotic word blindness suggestion on Stroop task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(4), 833-837.
    • Paulus M, Tapert S, Pulido C and Schuckit M. (2006). Alcohol attenuates load-related activation during a working memory task: Relation to level of response to alcohol. Alcoholism 30(8), 1363-1371.
    • Pekala, R. J. (1982). Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI). (Unpublished psychological test).
    • Pekala, R. J. (1991). Quantifying consciousness: An empirical approach. Emotions, personality, and psychotherapy. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
    • Pekala, R. J., & Kumar, V. K. (2007). An empirical-phenomenological approach to quanitifying consciousness: With particular reference to understanding the nature of hypnosis in G. Jamieson (Ed.). Hypnosis and conscious states: The cognitive neuroscience perspective (pp 167-194). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    • Peterson JB, Rothfleisch J, Zelazo, P.D. and Pihl RO. (1990). Acute alcohol intoxication and cognitive functioning. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 51: 114-122.
    • Petitmengin, C. (Ed.). (2009). Ten years of viewing from within: The legacy of Francisco Varela. Exeter, England: Imprint Academic.
    • Piccione, C. Hilgard, E.R. & Zimbardo, P.G. (1989). On the degree of stability of measured hypnotisability over a 25-year period. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56: 367-379.
    • Proust, J. (2012). Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental agency and self-awareness. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    • Rainville, P., Duncan. G. H., Price, D. D., Carrier, B. & Bushnell, M.C. (1997). Pain affect encoded in human anterior cingulate but not somatosensory cortex. Science, 277, 968-71.
    • Ramel, W., Goldin, P., Carmona, P., & McQuaid, J. (2004). The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression. Cognitive therapy and research, 26(4), 433-455.
    • Raz, A. (2011). Does neuroimaging of suggestion elucidate hypnotic trance? International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 59(3), 363-377.
    • Raz, A., & Buhle, J. (2006). Typologies of Attentional Networks. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7(5), 367-379.
    • Raz, A., & Campbell, N. K. J. (2011). Can Suggestion Obviate Reading? Supplementing Primary Stroop Evidence with Exploratory Negative Priming Analyses. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(2), 312-320.
    • Raz, A., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2005). Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(28), 9978-9983.
    • Raz, A., Kirsch, I., Pollard, J., & Nitkin-Kaner, Y. (2006). Suggestion reduces the stroop effect. Psychological Science, 17(2), 91-95.
    • Raz, A., Landzberg, K. S., Schweizer, H. R., Zephrani, Z. R., Shapiro, T., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2003). Posthypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference under cycloplegia. Consciousness and Cognition, 12(3), 332-346.
    • Raz, A., Shapiro, T., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2002). Hypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(12), 1155- 1161.
    • Rey A. (1964). L'examen Clinique en psychologie. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    • Ridderinkhof, K.R., de Vlugt, Y., Bramlage, A., Spaan, M., Elton, M., Snel, J. & Band G.P.H. (2002). Alcohol consumption impairs detection of performance errors in mediofrontal cortex. Science, 298, 2209-2211.
    • Robbins TW. (2007). Shifting and stopping: fronto-striatal substrates, neurochemical modulation and clinical implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: B Biological Sciences 362:917-932.
    • Roche, S., & McConkey, K. (1990) Absorption: Nature, assessment, and correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 91-101.
    • Roehrs, T. & Roth, T. (2001). Sleep, sleepiness and alcohol use. Alcohol Research and Health 25(2): 101-109.
    • Rosenthal, D. M. (1986). Two concepts of consciousness. Philosophical Studies, 49, 329- 359.
    • Rosenthal, D. M. (2002). Consciousness and higher order thought. In L. Nadel. Macmillan encyclopedia of cognitive science (pp. 717-726). Basingstoke, England: Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
    • Rosenthal, D. (2005). Consciousness and mind. Oxford University Press.
    • Rounis E, Maniscalco B, Rothwell J, Passingham RE, & Lau H (2006). Theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to the prefrontal cortex impairs metacognitive visual awareness Cognitive Neuroscience, 1: 165-175,
    • Rubichi, S., Ricci, F., Padovani, R., & Scaglietti, L. (2005). Hypnotic susceptibility, baseline attentional functioning, and the Stroop task. Consciousness and Cognition, 14, 296-303.
    • Sahraie, A., Weiskrantz, L., Barbur, J.L., Simmons, S.C.R. & Brammer, M.J. (1997). Pattern of neuronal activity associated with conscious and unconscious processing of visual signals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 94, p. 9406- 9411.
    • Salomons, T. V., & Kucyi, A. (2011). Does meditation reduce pain through a unique neural mechanism? The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(26), 12705-12707.
    • Sangharakshita. (2001). A Survey of Buddhism. Cambridge, England: Windhorse Publications.
    • Sarbin, T. R., & Coe, W. C. (1972). Hypnosis: A social psychological analysis of influence communication. New York, NY: Holt Rinehart and Winston.
    • Sayette, A.M., Reichle, E.D. & Schooler, J.W. (2009). Lost in the sauce: The effects of alcohol on mind wandering? Psychological Science 20(6): 747-752.
    • Scaife, J. & Duka, T. (2009). Behavioural measures of frontal lobe function in a population of young social drinkers with binge drinking pattern. Pharmacolology, Biochemistry and Behaviour 93(3):354-62.
    • Schneider, W., Eschman, A. & Zuccolotto, A. (2002). E-Prime User's Guide. Pittsburgh, PA: Psychology Software Tools Inc.
    • Schooler, J.W. (2002). Re-representing consciousness: dissociations between consciousness and meta-consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6, 339-344.
    • Schooler, J.W., Smallwood, J., Christoff, K., Handy, T., Reichle, E. & Sayette, M. (2011). Meta-awareness, perceptual decoupling and the wandering mind. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 7, 319-216.
    • Schjoedt, U., Stødkilde-Jørgensen, J., Geertz, A., Lund, T., & Ropestorff, A. (2011). The power of charisma-perceived charisma inhibits the frontal executive network of believers in intercessory prayer. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 6(1), 119-127.
    • Searle, J. R. (1983). Intentionality: An essay in the philosophy of mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Semmens-Wheeler, R., & Erskine, J. (2009, April). Mindfulness and the myth of control. Talk presented at British Psychological Society Annual Conference, Brighton.
    • Semmens-Wheeler, R., & Dienes, Z. (2011, December) Similarities and Differences in Meditation and Hypnosis. Talk presented at the David Waxman Memorial Lecture, Royal Society of Medicine, London.
    • Shapiro, S.L., Oman, D. & Thoresen, C.E. (2008). Cultivating mindfulness: effects on wellbeing. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 64(7), 840-862.
    • Shapiro, D., & Walsh, R. (Eds.) (1980). The science of meditation: Research, theory and practice. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
    • Shaw, S. (2006). Buddhist meditation: An anthology of texts from the Pali cannon. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Shaw, C., Gromala, D. & Song, M. (2010) The meditation chamber: Towards selfmodulation. In Mura, G. (Ed.) Metaplasticity in Virtual Worlds: Aesthetics and Semantics Concepts, Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Publishing.
    • Shor, R. E., Orne, M. T., & O'Connell, D. N. (1962). Validation and cross-validation of a scale of self-reported personal experiences which predicts hypnotisability. Journal of Psychology, 53, 55-75.
    • Sjoberg B.M. & Hollister, L.E.. (1965). The effects of psychotomimetic drugs on primary suggestibility. Psychopharmacology, 8, 251-262.
    • Slagter, H. A., Lutz, A., Greichar, L. L., Francis, A. D., Nieuwenhuis, S., Davis, J., & Davidson, R. J. (2007). Mental training affects distribution of limited attentional resources. PLoS Biology, 5(6), 138.
    • Smallwood, J. & Schooler, J. W. (2006). The Restless Mind. Psychological Bulletin, 132(6), 946-958.
    • Snyder, T. & Rasmussen, S (2009). Practicing Jhanas - Traditional Concentration. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
    • Spanos, N. (1986). Hypnotic behaviour: A social-psychological interpretation of amnesia, analgesia, and 'trance logic.' Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 9, 449-502.
    • Spanos, N.P. (1991). A sociocognitive approach to hypnosis. In S. J. Lynn and J. W. Rhue (eds.) Theories of Hypnosis: Current Models and Perspectives, pp.324- 361. Guildford Press: New York.
    • Spanos, N. P., & Barber, T. X. (1974). Toward a convergence in hypnosis research. American Psychologist, (29)7, 500-511.
    • Spanos, N.P., Brett, P.J., Menary, E.P. & Cross, W.P. (1987). A measure of attitudes toward hypnosis: relationships with absorption and hypnotic suggestibility. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 30(2):139-50.
    • Spanos, N., & Gorassini, D. (1999). The Carleton Skill Training Program for modifying hypnotic suggestibility: Original version and variations. In I. Kirsch, A. Capafons, E. Cardeña-Buelna & Amigó, S. (Eds.). Clinical hypnosis and self-regulation: Cognitive-behavioural perspectives. Dissociation, trauma, memory, and hypnosis book series (pp. 141-177). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    • Spanos, N. P. & McPeake, John D. (1975). Involvement in everyday imaginative activities, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31(3), 594-598.
    • Spanos, N. P., Rivers, S. M., & Gottlieb, J. (1978). Hypnotic responsivity, meditation, and laterality of eye movements. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 566-569.
    • Tang Y.Y.,Ma ,Y., Wang, J., Fan Y., Feng, S., Lu, Q., Yu, Q., Sui, D., Rothbart, M.K., Fan, M., & Posner, M.I. (2007). Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(43), 17152-17156.
    • Taylor, J. (2003). Paying attention to Consciousness. Progress in Neurobiology, 71, 305- 335
    • Teasdale, J. (1999). Metacognition, mindfulness and the modification of mood disorders, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 6, 146-155.
    • Teasdale, J. D., Moore, R. G., Hayhurst, H., Pope, M., Williams, S., & Segal, Z. V. (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: Empirical evidence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 278-287.
    • Teasdale, J., Segal, Z. & Williams, M. (2003). Mindfulness training and problem formulation. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2).
    • Tellegen, A. and Atkinson, G. (1974) Openness to absorbing and self-altering experiences ("absorption"), a trait related to hypnotic susceptibility. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 83(3), 268-277.
    • Terhune, D., Cardeña, E. & Lindgren, M. (2011). Dissociated control as a signature of typological variability in high hypnotic suggestibility. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 727-736.
    • Thompson, E. (2006). The neurophenomenology of meditation. In P. Clayton (Ed.) (2006). The Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press
    • Tobis, I. and Kihlstrom, J. (2010). Allocation of attentional resources in post hypnotic suggestion. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 58, 367- 382.
    • Travis, F., Haaga, D. A., Hagelin, J., Tanner, M., Nidich, S., Gaylord-King, C. & Schneider, R. H. (2009). Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on brain functioning and stress reactivity in college students. International Journal of Psychophysiology 71(2), 170-176
    • Tsakiris, M. & Haggard, P. (2003). Awareness of somatic events associated with a voluntary action. Experimental Brain Research, 149, 439-446.
    • Uddin, L., Kelly, A., Biswal, B., Xavier Castellanos, F., & Milham, M. (2009). Functional connectivity of default mode network components: Correlation, anticorrelation, and causality. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 625-637
    • Valentine, E. R., Sweet, P. L. G. (1999). Meditation and attention: A comparison of the effects of concentrative and mindfulness meditation on sustained attention. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 2, 59-70.
    • Van Nuys, D. (1973). Meditation, attention and hypnotic susceptibility: A correlational study. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 21, 59-69.
    • Varga, K., Németh, Z., & Szekely, A. (2011). Lack of correlation between hypnotic susceptibility and various components of attention. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1872-1881.
    • Vincent, J. L., Kahn, I., Snyder, A. Z., Raichle, M. E., Buckner, R. L. (2008). Evidence for a Frontoparietal Control System Revealed by Intrinsic Functional Connectivity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 100, 3328-3342.
    • Wagstaff, G. F., Cole, J. C., & Brunas-Wagstaff, J. (2007). Effects of hypnotic induction and hypnotic depth on phonemic fluency: A test of the frontal inhibition account of hypnosis. Revista Internacional de Psicologia y Terapia Psicologica/ International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 7, 27-40.
    • Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmüller, V., Kleinknecht, N. & Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness: the Freiburg inventory of mindfulness skills. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1543-1555.
    • Wallace, B. A. (1999). The Buddhist tradition of Samatha: Methods for refining and examining consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6, 175-187.
    • Walsh, R. (1979). Meditation research: An introduction and review. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 11, 161-174.
    • Ward, N.S., Oakley, D.A., Frackowiak, R.S.J. & Halligan, P.W. (2003). Differential brain activations for malingered and subjectively 'real' paralysis. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 8(4), 295-312.
    • Wegner, D.M., Schneider, D.J., Carter, S. & White, T. (187) Paradoxical effects of thought suppression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 5-13.
    • Wegner, D. & Zanakos, S. (1994) Chronic Thought Suppression. Journal of Personality, 62, 615-640.
    • Weissenborn, R. and Duka, T. (2003). Acute alcohol effects on cognitive function in social drinkers: their relationship to drinking habits. Psychopharmacology 165(3):306-12.
    • Weitzenhoffer, A. M. (1980). Hypnotic susceptibility revisited. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 22, 130-146.
    • Wendt. P. & Risberg, J. (2001). Ethanol reduces rCFB activation of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during a verbal fluency task. Brain and Language 77: 197-215.
    • White, R. W. (1942). A preface to a theory of hypnotism. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 36, 477-505.
    • Whalley, M. & Brooks, G. (2009). Enhancement of suggestibility and imaginative ability with nitrous oxide. Psychopharmacology, 203: 745-752.
    • Williams, P. (2008). Mahāyāna Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations. Oxford: Taylor and Francis.
    • Wilson, S. C., & Barber, T. X. (1982). The fantasy-prone personality: Implications for understanding imagery, hypnosis, and parapsychological phenomena.. In S. J. Lynn & J. W. Rhue (Eds.). Theories of Hypnosis: Current Models and Perspective, London, England: The Guildford Press.
    • Woody , E. Z. Bowers , K. S. (1994). A frontal assault on dissociated control. In S. Lynn & J. Rhue (Eds.), Dissociation: Clinical and Theoretical Perspectives, Guildford Press, New York, USA, pp. 52-79.
    • Woody, E. and Sadler, P. (1998). On re-integrating dissociated theories: comment on Kirsch and Lynn (1998). Psychological Bulletin, 123: 192-7.
    • Woody, E. & Szechtman, H. (2011). Using hypnosis to develop and test models of psychopathology. Journal of Mind-Body Regulation, 1(1).
    • Wyzenbeek, M., & Bryant, R. A. (2012). The cognitive demands of hypnotic response. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 60(1), 67-80.
    • Yapko, M. D. (2011). Mindfulness and hypnosis: The power of suggestion to transform experience. New York, NY: Norton.
    • Zamansky, H. S., & Clark, L. E. (1986). Cognitive competition and hypnotic behaviour: Whither absorption? International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34, 205-214.
    • Zeidan, F., Gordon, N.S., Merchant, J. & Goolkasian, P. (2010). The effects of brief mindfulness meditation training on experimentally induced pain. Journal of Pain, 11(3), 199-209.
    • Zeidan, F., Johnson, S.K., Diamond, B.J., David, Z., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). Mindfulness Meditation Improves Cognition: Evidence of Brief Mental Training. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 597-605.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article