Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Stubbington, R; Boulton, AJ; Little, S; Wood, PJ (2014)
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of Society for Freshwater Science
Languages: English
Types: Article
Droughts are unpredictable disturbances characterized in streams by declining flow, reduced habitat availability, and deteriorating abiotic conditions. Such events typically reduce benthic invertebrate taxon richness and modify assemblage composition, but little is known about how hyporheic invertebrate assemblages respond to drought or how these responses relate to changes in benthic assemblages. We hypothesized that taxon richness (diversity) and variability (as within-site diversity) in benthic assemblage composition would decline as drought proceeded, whereas concurrent changes in hyporheic assemblages would be lower in this more stable environment. We predicted that benthic assemblage composition between sites would converge as epigean taxa were selectively eliminated, whereas between-site hyporheic diversity would change little. We sampled benthic and hyporheic invertebrates concurrently from 4 sites along a groundwater-fed stream during the final stages of a severe supraseasonal drought punctuated by a record heat wave. Abiotic conditions in benthic habitats deteriorated as flow declined, but changes were less pronounced in the hyporheic zone. Benthic diversity declined during drought, whereas hyporheic diversity changed little. However, benthic within-site diversity increased as the drought progressed because of localized variation in the abundance of common taxa. Temporal trends in hyporheic diversity were less consistent. Benthic assemblages at individual sites became more similar, especially during the heat wave, reflecting low diversity and abundance. Hyporheic assemblages changed markedly because of temporary increases in abundances of epigean and hypogean amphipods. These contrasting responses of benthic and hyporheic assemblages to drought should be recognized when developing management strategies for drought-impacted streams.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, M. J., T. O. Crist, J. M. Chase, M. Vellend, B. D. Inouye, A. L. Freestone, N. J. Sanders, H. V. Cornell, L. S. Comita, K. F. Davies, S. P. Harrison, N. J. B. Kraft, J. C. Stegen, and N. G. Swenson. 2011. Navigating the multiple meanings of β diversity: a roadmap for the practicing ecologist. Ecology Letters 14:19-28.
    • Anderson, M. J., K. E. Ellingsen, and B. H. McArdle. 2006. Multivariate dispersion as a measure of beta diversity. Ecology Letters 9:683-693.
    • Belaidi, N., A. Taleb, and J. Gagneur. 2004. Composition and dynamics of hyporheic and surface fauna in a semi-arid stream in relation to the management of a polluted reservoir. Annales de Limnologie-International Journal of Limnology 40:237- 248.
    • Boulton, A. J. 2003. Parallels and contrasts in the effects of drought on stream macroinvertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Biology 48:1173-1185.
    • Boulton, A. J. 2007. Hyporheic rehabilitation in rivers: restoring vertical connectivity. Freshwater Biology 52:632-650.
    • Boulton, A. J., M.-J. Dole-Olivier, and P. Marmonier. 2004. Effects of sample volume and taxonomic resolution on assessment of hyporheic assemblage composition sampled using a Bou-Rouch pump. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 159:327-355.
    • Boulton, A. J., S. Findlay, P. Marmonier, E. H. Stanley, and H. M. Valett. 1998. The functional significance of the hyporheic zone in streams and rivers. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29:59-81.
    • Boulton, A. J., and E. H. Stanley. 1995. Hyporheic processes during flooding and drying in a Sonoran Desert stream. I. Hydrologic and chemical dynamics. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 134: 1-26.
    • Brunke, M., and T. Gonser. 1997. The ecological significance of exchange processes between rivers and groundwater. Freshwater Biology 37:1-33.
    • Brunke, M., and T. Gonser. 1999. Hyporheic invertebrates: the clinal nature of interstitial communities structured by hydrological exchange and environmental gradients. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18:344-362.
    • Chase, J. M. 2007. Drought mediates the importance of stochastic community assembly. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104:17430- 17434.
    • Davy-Bowker, J., W. Sweeting, N. Wright, R. T. Clarke, and S. Arnott. 2006. The distribution of benthic and hyporheic macroinvertebrates from the heads and tails of riffles. Hydrobiologia 563:109-123.
    • Datry, T. 2012. Benthic and hyporheic invertebrate assemblages along a flow intermittence gradient: effects of duration of dry events. Freshwater Biology 57:563-574.
    • Dewson, Z. S., A. B. W. James, and R. G. Death. 2007. A review of the consequences of decreased flow for instream habitat and macroinvertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 26:401-415.
    • Dole-Olivier, M.-J. 2011. The hyporheic refuge hypothesis reconsidered: a review of hydrological aspects. Marine and Freshwater Research 62:1281-1302.
    • Fleig, A. K., L. M. Tallaksen, H. Hisdal, and D. M. Hannah. 2010. Regional hydrological drought in north-western Europe: linking a new Regional Drought Area Index with weather types. Hydrological Processes 25:1163-1179.
    • Graeber, D., M. T. Pusch, S. Lorenzo, and M. Brauns. 2013. Cascading effects of flow reduction on the benthic invertebrate community in a lowland river. Hydrobiologia 717:147- 159.
    • Issartel, J., F. Hervant, Y. Voituron, D. Renault, and P. Vernon. 2005. Behavioural, ventilator and respiratory responses of epigean and hypogean crustaceans to different temperatures. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 141:1-7.
    • James, A. B. W., Z. S. Dewson, and R. G. Death. 2008. Do stream macroinvertebrates use instream refugia in response to severe short-term flow reduction in New Zealand streams? Freshwater Biology 53:1316-1334.
    • Jones, I. (editor). 2013. The impact of extreme events on freshwater ecosystems. Ecological Issues no. 12. British Ecological Society, London, UK.
    • Lake, P. S. 2003. Ecological effects of perturbation by drought in flowing waters. Freshwater Biology 48:1161-1172.
    • Lake, P. S. 2005. Perturbation, restoration and seeking ecological sustainability in Australian flowing waters. Hydrobiologia 552:109-120.
    • Lake, P. S. 2011. Drought and aquatic ecosystems: effects and responses. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
    • Maazouzi, C., C. Piscart, F. Legier, and F. Hervant. 2011. Ecophysiological responses to temperature of the “killer shrimp” Dikerogammarus villosus: is the invader really stronger than the native Gammarus pulex? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 159: 268-274.
    • Malard, F., D. Galassi, M. Lafont, S. Dolédec, and J. V. Ward. 2003. Longitudinal patterns of invertebrates in the hyporheic zone of a glacial river. Freshwater Biology 48:1709-1725.
    • Malard, F., and F. Hervant. 1999. Oxygen supply and the adaptations of animals in groundwater. Freshwater Biology 41:1- 30.
    • Malard, F., K. Tockner, M.-J. Dole-Olivier, and J. V. Ward. 2002. A landscape perspective of surface-subsurface hydrological exchanges in river corridors. Freshwater Biology 47: 621-640.
    • Marsh, T. 2007. The 2004-2006 drought in southern Britain. Weather 62:191-196.
    • McGuire, K. J., D. R. DeWalle, and W. J. Gburek. 2002. Evaluation of mean residence time in subsurface waters using oxygen-18 fluctuations during drought conditions in the midAppalachians. Journal of Hydrology 261:132-149.
    • Mouthon, J., and M. Daufresne. 2006. Effects of the 2003 heatwave and climatic warming on mollusc communities of the Saône: a large lowland river and of its two main tributaries (France). Global Change Biology 12:441-449.
    • Plénet, S., J. Gibert, and P. Marmonier. 1995. Biotic and abiotic interactions between surface and interstitial systems in rivers. Ecography 18:296-309.
    • Prior, J., and M. Beswick. 2007. The record-breaking heat and sunshine of July 2006. Weather 62:174-182.
    • Robertson, A. L. 2000. Lotic meiofaunal community dynamics: colonisation, resilience and persistence in a spatially and temporally heterogeneous environment. Freshwater Biology 44:135-147.
    • Robertson, A. L., and P. J. Wood. 2010. Ecology of the hyporheic zone: origins, current knowledge and future directions. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 176:279-289.
    • Robson, B. J., E. T. Chester, and C. M. Austin. 2011. Why life history information matters: drought refuges and macroinvertebrate persistence in non-perennial streams subject to a drier climate. Marine and Freshwater Research 62:801-810.
    • Séguin, A., D. Gravel, and P. Archambault. 2014. Effect of disturbance regime on alpha and beta diversity of rock pools. Diversity 6:1-17.
    • Stubbington, R. 2012. The hyporheic zone as an invertebrate refuge: a review of variability in space, time, taxa and behaviour. Marine and Freshwater Research 63:293-311.
    • Stubbington, R., and T. Datry. 2013. The macroinvertebrate seedbank promotes community persistence in temporary rivers across climate zones. Freshwater Biology 58:1202-1220.
    • Stubbington, R., and P. J. Wood. 2013. Benthic and interstitial habitats of a lentic spring as invertebrate refuges during supraseasonal drought. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 182: 61-73.
    • Stubbington, R., P. J. Wood, and A. J. Boulton. 2009. Low flow controls on benthic and hyporheic macroinvertebrate assemblages during supra-seasonal drought. Hydrological Processes 23:2252-2263.
    • Stubbington, R., P. J. Wood, and I. Reid. 2011a. Spatial variability in the hyporheic zone refugium of temporary streams. Aquatic Sciences 73:499-511.
    • Stubbington, R., P. J. Wood, I. Reid, and J. Gunn. 2011b. Benthic and hyporheic invertebrate community responses to seasonal flow recession in a groundwater-dominated stream. Ecohydrology 4:500-511.
    • Williams, D. D., C. M. Febria, and J. C. Y. Wong. 2010. Ecotonal and other properties of the hyporheic zone. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 176:349-364.
    • Williams, D. D., and H. B. N. Hynes. 1974. The occurrence of benthos deep in the substratum of a stream. Freshwater Biology 4:233-256.
    • Wood, P. J., M. D. Agnew, and G. E. Petts. 2000. Flow variations and macroinvertebrate community responses in a small groundwater-dominated stream in south-east England. Hydrological Processes 14:3133-3147.
    • Wood, P. J., and P. D. Armitage. 2004. The response of the macroinvertebrate community to low-flow variability and supraseasonal drought within a groundwater dominated stream. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 161:1-20.
    • Wood, P. J., A. J. Boulton, S. Little, and R. Stubbington. 2010. Is the hyporheic zone a refugium for aquatic macroinvertebrates during severe low flow conditions? Fundamental and Applied Limnology 176:377-390.
    • Wood, P. J., and G. E. Petts. 1999. The influence of drought on chalk stream macroinvertebrates. Hydrological Processes 13: 387-399.
    • Woodward, G., D. M. Perkins, and L. E. Brown. 2010. Climate change and freshwater ecosystems: impacts across multiple levels of organization. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 365:2093-2106.
    • Young, B. A., R. H. Norris, and F. Sheldon. 2011. Is the hyporheic zone a refuge for macroinvertebrates in drying perennial streams? Marine and Freshwater Research 62:1373-1382.
    • 1. Institutional Purchase Order No.
    • 2. Check ( )
    • 3. Electronic Fund Transfer ( )
    • 4. Credit Card: Visa ( ) MasterCard ( ) American Express ( ) Discover ( ) Name as it appears on card: Card number: Expiry date: 3-4 digit security code: Signature: Phone number: Email:
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

  • RCUK | The response of aquatic in...

Cite this article