Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Evans, K.L.; Greenwood, J.J.D.; Gaston, K.J. (2005)
Publisher: The Royal Society
Languages: English
Types: Article
A major goal of ecology is to understand spatial variation in species richness. The latter is markedly influenced by energy availability and appears to be influenced more by common species than rare ones; species–energy relationships should thus be stronger for common species. Species–energy relationships may arise because high-energy areas support more individuals, and these larger populations may buffer species from extinction. As extinction risk is a negative decelerating function of population size, this more-individuals hypothesis (MIH) predicts that rare species should respond more strongly to energy. We investigate these opposing predictions using British breeding bird data and find that, contrary to the MIH, common species contribute more to species–energy relationships than rare ones. \ud \ud
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Allen, A. P., Brown, J. H. & Gillooly, J. F. 2002 Global biodiversity, biochemical kinetics and the energeticequivalence rule. Science 297, 1545-1548.
    • Bonn, A., Storch, D. & Gaston, K. J. 2004 Structure of the species-energy relationship. Proc. R. Soc. B, 271, 1685-1691. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2004.2745)
    • Evans, K. L., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K. J. 2005. Speciesenergy relationships at the macroecological scale: a review of the mechanisms. Biol. Rev. 80, 1-25.
    • Gaston, K. J. 2000 Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature 405, 220-227.
    • Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M. 2000 Pattern and process in macroecology. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
    • Gaston, K. J., Blackburn, T. M. & Gregory, R. D. 1997 Abundance-range size relationships of breeding and wintering birds in Britain: a comparative analysis. Ecography 20, 569-579.
    • Gibbons, D. W., Reid, J. B. & Chapman, R. A. 1993 The new atlas of breeding birds in Britain and Ireland: 1988-1991 BTO/SWC/IWC. London: T. & A.D. Poyser.
    • Gillooly, J. F., Brown, J. H., West, G. B., Savage, V. M. & Charnov, E. L. 2001 Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate. Science 293, 2248-2551.
    • Greenwood, J. J. D., Gregory, R. D., Harris, S., Morris, P. A. & Yalden, D. W. 1996 Relations between abundance, body size and species number in British birds and mammals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 351, 265-278.
    • Hawkins, B. A. et al. 2003 Energy, water and broad-scale geographic patterns of species richness. Ecology 84, 3105-3117.
    • Hutchinson, G. E. 1959 Homage to Santa Rosalia, or why there are so many kinds of animals. Am. Nat. 93, 145-149.
    • Jetz, W. & Rahbek, C. 2002 Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness. Science 297, 1548-1551.
    • Lande, R. 1993 Risks of population extinction from demographic and environmental stochasticity and random catastrophes. Am. Nat. 142, 911-927.
    • Legendre, P., Dale, M. R. T., Fortin, M. J., Gurevitch, J., Hohn, M. & Myers, D. 2002 The consequences of spatial structure for design and analysis of ecological field surveys. Ecography 25, 601-615.
    • Lennon, J. J., Greenwood, J. J. D. & Turner, J. R. G. 2000 Bird diversity and environmental gradients in Britain: a test of the species-energy hypothesis. J. Anim. Ecol. 69, 581-598.
    • Lennon, J. J., Koleff, P., Greenwood, J. J. D. & Gaston, K. J. 2004 Contribution of rarity and commonness to patterns of species richness. Ecol. Lett. 7, 81-87.
    • Littell, R. C., Milliken, G. A., Stroup, W. W. & Wolfinger, R. D. 1996 SASw system for mixed models, pp. 303-330. Cary, USA: SAS Institute.
    • Meehan, T. D., Jetz, W. & Brown, J. H. 2004 Energetic determinants of abundance in winter landbird communities. Ecol. Lett. 7, 532-537.
    • Pimm, S. L. & Brown, J. H. 2004 Domains of diversity. Science 304, 831-833.
    • Ruggiero, A. & Kitzberger, T. 2004 Environmental correlates of mammal species richness in South America: effects of spatial structure, taxonomy and geographic range. Ecography 27, 401-416.
    • Wright, D. H. 1983 Species-energy theory, an extension of species-area theory. Oikos 41, 496-506.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article