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Gill, Andy; Partridge, Henry; Newton, Andrew D. (2014)
Publisher: UCL
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: H1, HV

Classified by OpenAIRE into

ACM Ref: ComputingMilieux_LEGALASPECTSOFCOMPUTING, ComputingMilieux_COMPUTERSANDSOCIETY
Crime on public transport can be very difficult to analyse. 'Stealth crimes' like pick-pocketing \ud present a particular challenge because victims often have an imprecise knowledge of the location \ud and time of the offence. In this scenario crime has typically been recorded as happening at the \ud reporting station (often at the ‘end of line’) which skews any analysis of the collective crime \ud locations. \ud Interstitial crime analysis (ICA) is a technique which overcomes this problem and improves the \ud estimation of the spatial distribution of crime on networks when the exact location of offences is \ud unknown. Based on the aoristic analysis technique (devised to estimate the temporal distribution of \ud crime when only a time period is known), ICA is used to estimate the location of crimes in the \ud interstices – the intervening spaces - of a network when the location is unknown.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    •  Gill, A. (2007). Developing aoristic network analysis upon London's transport system. London: Paper presented to the 5th National Crime Mapping Conference. 9th to 10th May 2007. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/jdi/events/mapping-conf/conf-2007/conf-pres2007/pres16
    •  Clarke, R. and Eck, J., (2005) Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers in 55 Small Steps. Washington, D.C.: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, United States Department of Justice. Available at http://www.popcenter.org/library/reading/pdfs/55stepsUK.pdf
    •  Ashby, M. and Bowers, K. (2013). A comparison of methods for temporal analysis of aoristic crime. Crime Science Journal. Available at: http://www.crimesciencejournal.com/content/2/1/1
    •  Loukaitou-Sideris, A. (1999). Hot Spots of Bus Stop Crime: The Importance of Environmental Attributes. Journal of the American Planning Association, 65(4), 395-411. Available at http://www.uctc.net/papers/384.pdf
    •  Newton, A. (2004) Crime on Public Transport: Static and Non-Static (Moving) Crime Events. Western Criminology Review 5 (3) 23-40. Available at: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/368/
    •  Newton, A (2014) 'Crime on Public Transport'. In: Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. London: Springer. pp. 709-720. ISBN 978-1-4614-5689-6. Available at http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/19462/
    •  Newton, A., Partridge H. and Gill A. (2014) Above and below: measuring crime risk in and around underground mass transit systems. Crime Science
    •  Pearlstein, A. and Wachs, M. (1982). Crime in Public Transit Systems: An Environmental Design Perspective. Transportation, 11, 277-297. Available at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00172653#page-1
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