Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Adeney, Katharine; Wyatt, Andrew (2004)
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Languages: English
Types: Article
With reference to South Asia, we argue that recourse to the conventional structuralist and transition accounts of democratisation sustains an unhelpful dichotomy. Those approaches tend towards either determinism or agent-driven contingency. In contrast, an alternative approach that recognises the relevance of both structure and agency is proposed. In certain circumstances, human agency opens up the possibility of the relatively rapid transformation of structures. In particular, there are periods of political openness when structures are malleable, and individuals, or individuals acting collectively, are able to reshape structures. Decolonisation both constituted a moment of transition and opened up the possibility of structural change in the context of enhanced elite agency. For the purposes of comparison, the discussion covers the three cases of India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Particular attention is drawn to political parties and the structure of ethnic diversity as leading explanatory variables.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Alexander, G. (2001) 'Institutions, Path Dependence and Democratic Consolidation', Journal of Theoretical Politics, 13 (3), 249-70.
    • Almond, G. A. and Verba, S. (1963) The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Austin, G. (1966) The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
    • Bose, S. (1997) The Challenge in Kashmir: Democracy, Self-Determination and a Just Peace. New Delhi: Sage.
    • Bratton, M. and van de Walle, N. (1997) Democratic Experiments in Africa: Regime Transitions in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Braudel, F. (1994) A History of Civilizations. New York: Allen Lane.
    • Bunce, V. (2000) 'Comparative Democratisation: Big and Bounded Generalizations', Comparative Political Studies, 33 (6/7), 703-34.
    • Cerny, P. (2000) 'Political Agency in a Globalising World: Toward a Structurational Approach', European Journal of International Relations, 6 (4), 435-63.
    • Chadda, M. (2000) Building Democracy in South Asia: India, Nepal, Pakistan. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.
    • Collier, R. and Collier, D. (1991) Shaping the Political Arena: Critical Junctures, the Labor Movement, and Regime Dynamics in Latin America. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Das Gupta, J. (1989) 'India: Democratic Becoming and Combined Development', in L. Diamond, J. J. Linz and S. M. Lipset (eds), Democracy in Developing Countries, Volume 3: Asia. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, pp. 53-104.
    • Di Palma, G. (1990) To Craft Democracies: An Essay on Democratic Transitions. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
    • Fukuyama, F. (1993) 'The Primacy of Culture', in L. Diamond and M. F. Plattner (eds), The Global Resurgence of Democracy. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 320-7.
    • Hay, C. (1995) 'Structure and Agency', in D. Marsh and G. Stoker (ed.), Theory and Method in Political Science. Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp. 189-206.
    • Horowitz, D. (1985) Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
    • Huntington, S. P. (1993) 'Democracy's Third Wave', in L. Diamond and M. F. Plattner (eds), The Global Resurgence of Democracy. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 3-25.
    • Inder Singh, A. (1990) The Origins of the Partition of India, 1936-1947. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
    • Jaffrelot, C. (2002) 'India and Pakistan: Interpreting the Divergence of Two Political Trajectories', Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 15 (2), 251-67.
    • Jalal, A. (1985) The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Jalal, A. (1995) Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Kitschelt, H. (1992) 'Political Regime Change: Structure and Process-Driven Explanations', American Political Science Review, 86 (4), 1028-34.
    • Kothari, R. (1970) Politics in India. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
    • Lewis, P. (2002) 'Agency, Structure and Causality in Political Science: A Comment on Sibeon', Politics, 22 (1), 17-23.
    • Linz, J. and Stepan, A. (1996) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    • Manor, J. (1990) 'How and Why Liberal and Representative Politics Emerged in India', Political Studies, 38 (1), 20-38.
    • Moore, B. (1967) Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. London: Allen Lane.
    • O'Donnell, G., Schmitter, P. C. and Whitehead, L. (1986) Transitions from Authoritarian Rule. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    • Pierson, P. (2000) 'Increasing Returns, Path Dependence and the Study of Politics', American Political Science Review, 94 (2), 251-67.
    • Przeworski, A. (1991) Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Putnam, R. D., Leonardi, R. and Nanetti, R. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Randall, V. and Svasand, L. (2002) 'Introduction: The Contribution of Parties to Democracy and Democratic Consolidation', Democratization, 9 (3), 1-10.
    • Rueschemeyer, D., Stephens, E. H. and Stephens, J. D. (1991) Capitalist Development and Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    • Rustow, D. (1970) 'Transitions to Democracy: Towards a Dynamic Model', Comparative Politics, 35 (1), 51-66.
    • Schmitter, P. (1994) 'The Proto Science of Consolidology: Can it Improve the Outcome of Contemporary Efforts at Democratisation?', Politikon, 21 (2), 15-27.
    • Singh, G. (1997) 'The Partition of India as State Contraction: Some Unspoken Assumptions', Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 35 (1), 51-66.
    • Talbot, I. (1998) Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst and Company.
    • Tambiah, S. J. (1986) Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • Therborn, G. (1977) 'The Rule of Capital and the Rise of Democracy', New Left Review, no. 103, 3-41.
    • Vanhanen, T. (1997) Prospects of Democracy: A Study of 172 Countries. London: Routledge.
    • Varshney, A. (1998) 'India Defies the Odds - Why Democracy Survives', Journal of Democracy, 9 (3), 36-50.
    • Varshney, A. (2000) 'Is India Becoming More Democratic?', Journal of Asian Studies, 59 (1), 3-25.
    • Waseem, M. (1994) Politics and the State in Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research.
    • Whitehead, L. (1999) 'The Drama of Democratization', Journal of Democracy, 10 (4), 84-98.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article