Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Pechprasarn, Suejit (2012)
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Surface plasmons (SP) are guided electromagnetic wave propagating along the surface of metal. The properties of SP are affected by the material attached to the metallic surface so they can be used as a very sensitive sensor capable of detecting the deposition of subnanometric layers of dielectric. SP has been widely investigated for biosensor applications and the theory is well established. Although SP sensors have been well studied, integrating the SP to a microscope is a relatively young field. Since the SPs are surface waves; microscopy techniques to optimise the SP microscope performance will require totally different techniques to non-surface wave microscopy. This thesis develops a theoretical framework to understand different types of SP microscope setups through the rigorous diffraction theory. The framework analyses the diffraction process through rigorous wave coupled analysis (RCWA) and a software package processes the diffracted orders to recover the microscope response for a range of different systems. In this thesis I will investigate the non-interferometric SP microscope, interferometric SP microscope and confocal SP microscope. I will show that the non-interferometric system exhibits a trade-off between lateral resolution and sensitivity, where an image obtained with a good contrast will have low lateral resolution. In order to get around the trade-off, the interferometric system can be employed; however, the main challenge for the interferometric setup is its optical alignment. I will show that a confocal SP microscope, which has been developed as a part of this thesis, can simplify the complexity of the interferometric system and give similar measurement performance. For the interferometric and confocal systems, the SP measurements are normally carried out through the interference signal, which is interference between a reference beam and the SP. I will suggest a method to extract SP propagation parameters from the interference signal by employing a spatial light modulator and also show that the SP propagation parameters do not only give us some insight to the SP effect for the interferometric system, but also gives us a new imaging mode to improve the resolution.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Kikuta H, Yoshida H, Iwata K. 1995. Ability and limitation of effective-medium theory for subwavelength gratings. Optical Review 2:92-9
    • Kim DG, Choi WK, Choi YW, Dagli N. 2007. Triangular resonator based on surface plasmon resonance of attenuated reflection mirror. Electronics Letters 43:1365-7
    • Konopsky VN. 2000. Operation of scanning plasmon near-field microscope with gold and silver tips in tapping mode: demonstration of subtip resolution. Optics Communications 185:83-93
    • Kretschm.E, Raether H. 1968. Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Part a-Astrophysik Physik Und Physikalische Chemie A 23:2135-&
    • Kwiecien P, Richter I. 2011. Efficient Three Dimensional Aperiodic Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis Technique
    • Lahav A, Auslender M, Abdulhalim I. 2008. Sensitivity enhancement of guided-wave surface-plasmon resonance sensors. Optics Letters 33:2539-41
    • Lan TH, Chung YK, Tien CH. 2011. Broad Detecting Range of Objective-Based Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor via Multilayer Structure. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50
    • Lee K-S, Son JM, Jeong D-Y, Lee TS, Kim WM. 2010. Resolution Enhancement in Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Waveguide Coupled Mode by Combining a Bimetallic Approach. Sensors 10:11390-9
    • Liedberg B, Lundstrom I, Stenberg E. 1993. Principles of biosensing with an extended coupling matrix and surface-plasmon resonance. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical 11:63-72
    • Liu N, Weiss T, Mesch M, Langguth L, Eigenthaler U, et al. 2010. Planar Metamaterial Analogue of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency for Plasmonic Sensing. Nano Letters 10:1103-7
    • Mansfield SM, Kino GS. 1990. Solid immersion microscope. Applied Physics Letters 57:2615-6
    • McGuirk M, Carniglia CK. 1977. An angular spectrum representation approach to the Goos-Hänchen shift. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67:103-7
    • Migdall AL, Roop B, Zheng YC, Hardis JE, Xia GJ. 1990. Use of heterodynedetection to measure optical transmittance over a wide-range. Applied Optics 29:5136-44
    • Moh KJ, Yuan XC, Bu J, Zhu SW, Gao BZ. 2008. Surface plasmon resonance imaging of cell-substrate contacts with radially polarized beams. Optics Express 16:20734-41
    • Moharam MG, Grann EB, Pommet DA, Gaylord TK. 1995a. Formulation for stable and efficient implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis of binary gratings. Journal of the Optical Society of America a-Optics Image Science and Vision 12:1068-76
    • Moharam MG, Pommet DA, Grann EB, Gaylord TK. 1995b. Stable implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings - enhanced transmittance matrix approach. Journal of the Optical Society of America aOptics Image Science and Vision 12:1077-86
    • Mulvaney P. 1996. Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles. Langmuir 12:788-800
    • Nelson BP, Grimsrud TE, Liles MR, Goodman RM, Corn RM. 2001. Surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of DNA and RNA hybridization adsorption onto DNA microarrays. Analytical Chemistry 73:1-7
    • Nemova G, Kabashin AV, Kashyap R. 2008. Surface plasmon-polariton MachZehnder refractive index sensor. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25:1673-7
    • Nenninger GG, Piliarik M, Homola J. 2002. Data analysis for optical sensors based on spectroscopy of surface plasmons. Measurement Science & Technology 13:2038-46
    • Nishiuma S, Handa Y, Imamura T, Ogino M, Yamada T, et al. 2008. Localized surface plasmon resonant metal nanostructures as refractive index sensors. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47:1828-32
    • Notcovich AG, Zhuk V, Lipson SG. 2000a. Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging. Applied Physics Letters 76:1665-7
    • Notcovich AG, Zhuk V, Lipson SG, Osa. 2000b. Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging. In Biomedical Topical Meetings, Technical Digest, pp. 444-6
    • Novotny L, Hecht B, Pohl DW. 1997. Interference of locally excited surface plasmons. Journal of Applied Physics 81:1798-806
    • Offside MJ, Somekh MG, See CW. 1989. Common path scanning heterodyne optical profilometer for absolute phase measurement. Applied Physics Letters 55:2051-3
    • Otto A. 1968. Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by method of frustrated total reflection. Zeitschrift Fur Physik 216:398-&
    • Pang L, Hwang GM, Slutsky B, Fainman Y. 2007. Spectral sensitivity of twodimensional nanohole array surface plasmon polariton resonance sensor. Applied Physics Letters 91
    • Parmon W, Bertoni HL. 1979. Ray interpretation of the material signature in the acoustic microscope. Electronics Letters 15:684-6
    • Pechprasarn S, Somekh MG. 2012. Surface plasmon microscopy: resolution, sensitivity and crosstalk. Journal of Microscopy 246:287-97
    • Pendry JB. 2000. Negative refraction makes a perfect lens. Physical Review Letters 85:3966-9
    • Porto JA, Garcia-Vidal FJ, Pendry JB. 1999. Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits. Physical Review Letters 83:2845-8
    • Raether H. 1988. Surface-plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics 111:1-133
    • Reitz JR. 1993. Foundations of electromagnetic theory. Addison-Wesley: Reading, Mass. ;
    • Ritchie RH, Arakawa ET, Cowan JJ, Hamm RN. 1968. Surface-plasmon resonance effect in grating diffraction. Physical Review Letters 21:1530-&
    • Roh S, Chung T, Lee B. 2010. Overview of plasmonic sensors and their design methods. In Advanced Sensor Systems and Applications Iv, ed. BLYWABXFXZL Culshaw
    • Roh S, Chung T, Lee B. 2011. Overview of the Characteristics of Micro- and NanoStructured Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors. Sensors 11:1565-88
    • Roland T, Berguiga L, Elezgaray J, Argoul F. 2010. Scanning surface plasmon imaging of nanoparticles. Physical Review B 81
    • Rothenhausler B, Knoll W. 1988. Surface-plasmon microscopy. Nature 332:615-7
    • Rothenhäusler B, Rabe J, Korpiun P, Knoll W. 1984. On the decay of plasmon surface polaritons at smooth and rough Ag-air interfaces: A reflectance and photo-acoustic study. Surface Science 137:373-83
    • Schasfoort RBM, Tudos AJ. 2008. Handbook of surface plasmon resonance: Royal Society of Chemistry
    • See CW, Somekh MG, Holmes RD. 1996. Scanning optical microellipsometer for pure surface profiling. Applied Optics 35:6663-8
    • Shatalin SV, JuŠKaitis R, Tan JB, Wilson T. 1995. Reflection conoscopy- and micro ellipsometry of isotropic thin film structures. Journal of Microscopy 179:241- 52
    • Shen J, Liu S, Cao R, Fan X, Du J, et al. 2011. Magnetic surface plasmon-induced tunable photonic bandgaps in two-dimensional magnetic photonic crystals. Applied Physics a-Materials Science & Processing 105:789-93
    • Smolyaninov, II, Davis CC, Elliott J, Zayats AV. 2005a. Resolution enhancement of a surface immersion microscope near the plasmon resonance. Optics Letters 30:382-4
    • Smolyaninov, II, Elliott J, Zayats AV, Davis CC. 2005b. Far-field optical microscopy with a nanometer-scale resolution based on the in-plane image magnification by surface plasmon polaritons. Physical Review Letters 94
    • Somekh M. 2007. Surface Plasmon and Surface Wave Microscopy. Springer series : Optical Imaging and Microscopy 87:53
    • Somekh M, Pechprasarn S. 2010. Surface plasmon microscopy resolution vs sensitivity. IEEEXplore Photonics Global Conference (PGC), 2010
    • Somekh MG. 1992. Depth discrimination in scanned heterodyne microscope systems. Journal of Microscopy-Oxford 168:131-51
    • Somekh MG, Bertoni HL, Briggs GAD, Burton NJ. 1985. A Two-Dimensional Imaging Theory Of Surface Discontinuities With The Scanning Acoustic Microscope. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series aMathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 401:29-51
    • Somekh MG, Hsu K, Pitter MC. 2011. Effect of processing strategies on the stochastic transfer function in structured illumination microscopy. Journal of the Optical Society of America a-Optics Image Science and Vision 28:1925- 34
    • Somekh MG, Liu SG, Velinov TS, See CW. 2000a. High-resolution scanning surface-plasmon microscopy. Applied Optics 39:6279-87
    • Somekh MG, Liu SG, Velinov TS, See CW. 2000b. Optical V(z) for high-resolution 2 pi surface plasmon microscopy. Optics Letters 25:823-5
    • Somekh MG, See CW, Goh J. 2000c. Wide field amplitude and phase confocal microscope with speckle illumination. Optics Communications 174:75-80
    • Somekh MG, Stabler G, Liu S, Zhang J, See CW. 2009. Wide-field high-resolution surface-plasmon interference microscopy. Optics Letters 34:3110-2
    • Stabler G, Somekh MG, See CW. 2004. High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy. Journal of Microscopy-Oxford 214:328-33
    • Stoilov G, Dragostinov T. 1997. Phase-stepping interferometry: Five-frame algorithm with an arbitrary step. Optics and Lasers in Engineering 28:61-9
    • Talaat H, Bucaro JA, Huang W-S, Macdiarmid AG. 1985. Photoacoustic detection of plasmon surface polaritons in heavily doped polyacetylene films. Synthetic Metals 10:245-53
    • Tamir T, Burke JJ, Stegeman GI. 1985. Excitation of surface-plasmon modes along thin metal-films. Journal of the Optical Society of America a-Optics Image Science and Vision 2:P45-P
    • Tan. 2011. High resolution angle scanning surface plasmon resonance microscopy and its application to bio-molecular interactions. Ph.D thesis, University of Nottingham
    • Tanaka T, Yamamoto S. 2003. Laser-Scanning Surface Plasmon Polariton Resonance Microscopy with Multiple Photodetectors. Appl. Opt. 42:4002-7
    • Terris BD, Mamin HJ, Rugar D, Studenmund WR, Kino GS. 1994. Near-field optical-data storage using a solid immersion lens. Applied Physics Letters 65:388-90
    • Velinov T, Somekh MG, Liu S. 1999. Direct far-field observation of surface-plasmon propagation by photoinduced scattering. Applied Physics Letters 75:3908-10
    • Wan DH, Chen HL, Tseng SC, Wang LA, Chen YP. 2010. One-Shot Deep-UV Pulsed-Laser-Induced Photomodification of Hollow Metal Nanoparticles for High-Density Data Storage on Flexible Substrates. ACS Nano 4:165-73
    • Wink T, vanZuilen SJ, Bult A, vanBennekom WP. 1997. Self-assembled monolayers for biosensors. Analyst 122:R43-R50
    • Wizinowich PL. 1990. Phase shifting interferometry in the presence of vibration: a new algorithm and system. Appl. Opt. 29:3271-9
    • Wood RW. 1902. On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum. Philos. Mag. 4:396-402
    • Wu X, Zhang J, Chen J, Zhao C, Gong Q. 2009. Refractive index sensor based on surface-plasmon interference. Optics Letters 34:392-4
    • Yang T, Ho HP. 2009. Computational investigation of nanohole array based SPR sensing using phase shift. Optics Express 17:11205-16
    • Yeatman E, Ash EA. 1987. Surface-plasmon microscopy. Electronics Letters 23:1091-2
    • Yeatman EM. 1996. Resolution and sensitivity in surface plasmon microscopy and sensing. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 11:635-49
    • Yoshita M, Sasaki T, Baba M, Akiyama H. 1998. Application of solid immersion lens to high-spatial resolution photoluminescence imaging of GaAs quantum wells at low temperatures. Applied Physics Letters 73:635-7
    • Zhang B, Pechprasarn S, Zhang J, Somekh MG. 2012. Confocal surface plasmon microscopy with pupil function engineering. Opt. Express 20:7388-97
    • Zhang DG, Moh KJ, Yuan XC. 2010. Surface plasmon-coupled emission from shaped PMMA films doped with fluorescence molecules. Optics Express 18:12185-90
    • Zhang J, Pitter MC, Liu S, See C, Somekh MG. 2006. Surface-plasmon microscopy with a two-piece solid immersion lens: bright and dark fields. Applied Optics 45:7977-86
    • Zhang J, See CW, Somekh MG. 2007. Imaging performance of widefield solid immersion lens microscopy. Applied Optics 46:4202-8
    • Zhou H, Sheppard CJR. 1997. Aberration measurement in confocal microscopy: Phase retrieval from a single intensity measurement. Journal of Modern Optics 44:1553-61
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article