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Nunn, Alistair V.; Barnard, M L; Bhakoo, K; Murray, J; Chilvers, E J; Bell, J D (1996)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
We studied changes in secondary metabolites in human neutrophils undergoing constitutive or tumour necrosis factor (TNFalpha) stimulated apoptosis by a combination of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and NMR spectroscopy. Our results show that in contrast to freshly isolated neutrophils, neutrophil cells aged for 20 h in vitro had marked differences in the levels of a number of endogenous metabolites including lactate, amino acids and phosphocholine (PCho). There was no change in the concentration of taurine or glutamate and the ATP/ADP ratio was not affected. Levels of glutamine and lactate actually decreased. Identical changes were also observed in neutrophils stimulated to undergo apoptosis over a shorter time period (6 h) in the presence of TNFalpha and the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin (WM). The changes in the concentration of PCho suggest possible activation of phospholipase associated with apoptosis or a selective failure of phosphatidycholine synthesis. The increased levels of apoptosis obtained with WM+TNFalpha, compared to TNFalpha by itself, suggest a synergistic effect by these compounds. The acceleration in rate of apoptosis probably arises from suppression by WM of pathway(s) that normally delay the onset of apoptosis. Changes in PCho and other endogenous metabolites, if proven to be characteristic of apoptosis in other cell systems, may permit non-invasive quantification of apoptosis. '

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