Types: Doctoral thesis
The thesis studies the political participation of Thai farmers and focuses on two main\ud factors, namely the domestic and the external impacts, which inform the case studies of rice,\ud sugarcane, and potato farmers groups. Overall, the research has established that farmers\ud groups have felt the impacts of domestic factors far more strongly than external factors.\ud Furthermore, through comparative studies in relation to the case studies of rice, sugarcane, and\ud potato farmers groups in Thailand, differences emerged between these three Thai farmers\ud groups, in terms of the degree to which domestic factors impacted on their political\ud participation.\ud \ud The theories of Western interest groups are reviewed, in order to examine their\ud applicability to explaining farmers groups formation in Thailand. The concepts of 'collective\ud benefits' and 'selective incentives', which were used by Mancur Olson have been adopted as\ud the main theoretical framework. With reference to this, the research has established that\ud selective incentives have played a highly significant role in Thai farmers groups formation,\ud and concludes that the problems of mobilisation, which relate to rice, sugarcane, and potato\ud farmers groups, have been solved primarily through the provision of a range of selective\ud incentives by the farmers groups themselves.\ud \ud In order to classify the differing levels of political participation of Thai farmers groups,\ud the analytical framework provided by Grant Jordan, Darren Halpin, and William Maloney has\ud been utilised. Accordingly, the rice and potato farmers groups are classified as 'potential\ud pressure participants', whilst the sugarcane farmers group is classified as an 'interest group',\ud which has enabled an examination of their political participation through the Western concept\ud of the policy network/community framework. In order to make the Western policy\ud network/community framework more applicable to the policy-making process in Thailand, the\ud specific, dominant characteristics of the Thai political culture, namely the patronage system\ud and the operation of both vote-buying and corruption are included in the analysis. This\ud conceptual stretching does not significantly affect the original concept of the framework and\ud the way in which it was intended to be applicable, because it already includes informal\ud relationships such as those, which exist within the policy network/community framework.\ud This understanding is an important aspect, which forms a part of the theoretical contribution to\ud the discipline of international political economy and to the arena of Thai political studies. The\ud policy network/community framework provides a new conceptual lens in the study of the\ud political participation of Thai farmers groups. Accordingly, these arguments promote the\ud opportunity to consider alternative frameworks in the analysis of the political participation of\ud Thai farmers groups, and group participation across civil society more generally.\ud \ud The study of the political participation of Thai farmers has utilised empirical evidence,\ud which illustrates the successes of farmers' interest groups in both Japan and the United\ud Kingdom, in order to explain the relative successes and failures of Thai farmers. In contrast to\ud the experiences of Western and notably Japanese farmers groups, in many respects Thai\ud farmers are largely excluded from the policy-making process, with the only exception in\ud Thailand being certain sugarcane farmers groups. The thesis concludes that the political\ud participation of farmers groups in Thailand has generally been affected by domestic impacts\ud rather than by external impacts, and that their influence in domestic policy-making has been,\ud and is likely to remain for the foreseeable future at least, somewhat limited.\ud \ud
The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!
- II Shigetomi, S. (2002) 'Thailand: A Crossing of Critical Parallel Relationships' in Shigetomi, S. (ed) The State and NGOs: Perspective From Asia, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies [ISEAS], p.29 Mark Tamthai (2001) 'Thailand: Sakdina System and Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy' at www.ahrchk.netlhrsolidimainfile.phpI1999vo109n0611018/ Retrieved on 27 August 2002
- Marsh, D. (1976) 'On Joining Interest Groups: An Empirical Consideration of the Work of Mancur Olson', British Journal ofPolitical Science, 6, 257-271 Marsh, D. (1983) 'Introduction: Interest Groups in Britain-Their Access and Power', in Marsh, D. (ed) Pressure Politics: Interest Groups in Britain, London: Junction Books Marsh, D. (1998) 'The development of the policy network approach' in Marsh, D. (ed) Comparing Policy Networks, Buckingham: Open University Press McCormack, G. (1996) The Emptiness ofJapanese Affluence, London: M.E. Sharpe Mitchell, W.C., (1990) 'Interest Groups: Economic Perspectives and Contributions', Journal a/Theoretical Politics 2(1): 85-108, 1990
- Montesano, MJ. (2002) 'Thailand in 2001: Learning to Live With Thaksin?', Asian Survey, Vol. XLII, No. I, January/February 2002: 90-99
- Moore, R.B. (1990) Japanese Agriculture: Pattern of Rural Development, London: Westview Press
- Morell, J? and Ch~i-Anan .S~mudavanija (1979)'Thailand's Revolutionary Insurgency: Changes III LeadershIp Potential, Asian Survey, Vol. XIX, No.4, April 1979: 315-332 Neher, C. (1999) Southeast Asia in the New International Era: Third Edition, Oxford: Westview Press
- Parichart Siwaraksa, Chaowana Traimas and Ratha Vayagool (1997) Thai Constitutions in Brief, Bangkok: Institute of Public Policy Studies
- Parsons, W. (1995) Public Policy: An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Policy Analysis, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
- Pasuk ~hon~aichit \199~) 'T~chn~cr~ts, Busi~essmen, and Generals: Democracy and EconomIc Pohcy-makmg m Thatland , m Ravenhlll, J. (ed) Political Economy of East Asia 3: Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines and Thailand, Volume II Aldershot: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 418-439 ' Preeda Prapertchob, Weera Pakuthai, and Shigetomi, S. (1.992) Village Ma~agement Sy,stems for Rural Development in Northeast Thailand, Tokyo: Institute OfDevelopmg EconomIes Pross, A. P., (1992, Second Edition) Group Politics and Public Policy Toronto: Oxford University Press ' Ramsay, A. (1979) 'Thailand 1978: Kriangsak-The Thai Who Binds', Asian Survey, Vol. XIX, No.2, February 1979: 104-114
- Ramsay, A. (1987) 'The Political Economy of Sugar in Thailand', Pacific Affairs, Vol.60, No.2, 1987: 248-270
- Ripley, R.B. and Franklin, G.A. (1991, Fifth Edition) Congress, the Bureaucracy, and public Policy, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
- Rose-Ackerman, S. (1999) Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences and Reform Cambridge: Cambridge University Press " Scholte, J.A. (2004) 'Civil Society and Democratically.Accountable Global Governance', Government and Opposition, Volume 39 Number 2 Sprmg 2004, Oxford: Blackwell, 211- 233
- Schott, J.1., assisted by Buurman, J.W. (1994) The Uruguay Round: An Assessment Institute for International Economics ' Smith, MJ. (1992) 'The Agricultural Policy Community: Maintaining Relationship', in Marsh, D. and Rhodes, R.A.W. (eds) Policy Networks in British Government, New York: Oxford University Press, 27-50
- Smith, MJ. (1997) 'Policy Network', in Hill, M. (ed)(Second edition) The Policy Process' A Reader, London: Prentice Hall . Smith, MJ. (2000) '~h~nging Agendas and Policy Communities: Agricultural Issues in The 1930s and The 1980s , In Grant, W.P. and Keeler, J.T.S. (eds) Agricultural Policy Volume 1 Glos: Edward Elgar, 39-55 ' Thailand Development Research Institute (1989) Literature ~eview ofDemand for Education in Thailand, Bangkok: Thailand Development Research InstItute [TDRI] Bangkok Post (Internet Edition), 5 July 2003, at www.bangkokpost.netlNets/05JuI2003_news09.html Retrieved on 5 July 2003 Crispin, S.W. (2000b) 'Election Trade-off, Far Eastern Economic Review, 28 December 2000-4 January 2001
No related research data.
No similar publications.