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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Jones, Aled
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: PN
In the summer of 1873 two editors began to publish two distinct groups of explicitly radical working class local newspapers. Their common objective was to establish a national system of local labour newspapers to challenge the growing dominance of the 'commercial' press. Despite many differences of style, forcat and language - one of Morgan's papers was written entirely in Welsh - these two groups of newspapers attempted to attract a similar type of unionised working class reader, and in many important respects they also propounded a very similar philosophy of labour.\ud \ud The thesis outlines the development of these newspapers and traces the activities of their young and energetic editors. It suggests an explanation of their limited initial successes as journalist agitators and of their subsequent demise in the months and years following 1875, and locates their newspapers within the wider context of radical and Liberal journalism in the period 1843 to 1891. Four major issues are discussed, the first being the place of the Owen and the Morgan papers in the context of mid to late Nineteenth Century local journalism. The second issue concerns the sociology of the papers' potential readership, whilst the third relates to the financing of the two editors' respective newspaper ventures. Finally, the concept of 'labour journalism' as a distinct form of journalism in this period is examined.\ud \ud Both editors sought to serve the trade unionist and radical-Liberal movements, but both also guarded jealously their editorial independence from either trade union leaders or Liberal politicians. In so doing they not only recorded and interpreted events during a turbulent period of labour unrest, but they also provided many diverse groups of semi- and unskilled workers living between North Staffordshire and South Wales with a valuable means of communication and organisation.
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    • 1. Newspapers published 1850 to 1879: et a~, classification Groups A, E, C.
    • 2. Newspapers published 1880 to 1889: Proportions in R.Harrison et aI, classification Groups A, E, C.
    • 3. Highest Five News S~bject Categories, as %oitota1 content.
    • 4. Popula.tion Growth in North,Staffordshire 1861 to 1811.
    • 5. 11a1es and Females aged 20 and upwards employed in Earthenware Manufacture in 1861.
    • 6. Wage Rates in 1814 (For Tinplate.Workers, per 12 boxes).
    • 1. Day Labour Wages at Aberdare Pits 1810 to 1812
    • 8. Circulation of Staffordshire Newspapers August 1840.
    • 9. Trades. of Parents and the number of persons in those trades in Hanley whose children could and could not read, and who were applicants for Earthenware work between 1 September and 31 December 1866.
    • 1Q.Ana1ysis of the Spoken Language i) South Wales Towns, 1891.
    • 11.Ana1ysis of the Spoken Language ii) The Welsh Counties, 1891.
    • . 12. Payments for Newspapers and Periodicals, 11echanics Institute, Nilford Haven, Year Ending 31 Harch 1884.
    • 13. New· Printing Hachines : Prices, 1816.
    • 14. Revenue Account for Year Ending 31 Harch 1886 of the Gwalia Newspaper and Printing Company Limited.
    • 16. Compositor Wage Rates 1816 and 1818.
    • 11. Membership of the Provincial Typographical Association, February 1813 and December 1816.
    • 18. Number of Documents issued between February 1813 and December 1816.
    • 19. M~n and Apprentices in Potteries Printing Works, 1866.
    • 20. Summary of }'Tean Share Values per Individual Investor.
    • 21. Incomo of the Gwalia Newspaper and Printing Company for the Year Ending 31 Narch 1086.
    • 22. Advertisements : 5~ of total content (Potteries Examiner , and St~ffordGhire Sentinel).
    • 24. Advertisements: %of total content (Wolverhamnton Times).
    • 25. Advertisements: .% of total content (Daily ~1idland Echo).
    • 26. Potteries F.xaminer Advertisement Charges valid from 1i Harch . 1871.
    • 27. Potteries :E;:caminer Advertisement Charges valid from 8 January 18'16. .
    • 28. Potteries Examiner Advertisement Charges from non-Commercial Advertisements balid from 14 September 1878. (Prepaid).
    • 32. Advertisements: ~ of total content (Workman's Advocate, Amddiffyn;y:dd V G\oJei thhrr, Tarian V Gwei thiwr, Y Gwladgarwr. l'ierth'Tr IreleM'anh, r--:erthyr Express).
    • 33.' Advertisements: %of total content (Re;vnolds's, Lloyd's, Edinburqh Reformer).
    • The Pe:r:iJol1!1 nature ,01'. cit., p.15. V.S.Berrid[;,e, 'Popular Journalism and Workin~ Class Attitudes 1854-1086:
    • London 1976. p.13. . H.i.JhorlO\.,r, The Prov1.ncia1 Press Society 1836-86. A JubHpe
    • Retrosnect , (1866), p. 57. ConOTee~.tionalist 1871, quoted in E.Howe, . Th0. London COT'lDositor,
    • DocumentR r(>lP.tin~ to ":2 ('9S, Worldn,,: Conditjons end Custor~:'l of tb~
    • I,ondon Print;.!!; T!,?de 1785-1900, (1942) r' 680.
    • C.Hi tche1l and Co., He\OTspn:per Press Directory , 1871-1877. P.P. (c.8242) XXXIII 741. Royal Commission on Land in Wales and
    • Nonrnouthshire 1896, AppendIx C.
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    • 1860(ll2),V, 'Bill to Amend the Law Relating to the Conveyance and Postage of l:ewspapers'.
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    • 1871 (446),XIV, 'Reports of the Inspectors of Factories for the Half-Year Ending 30.April 1871'.
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    • 1813 (313),X, 'Report from the Committee on the Present Dearness and Scarcity of Coal'.
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