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Bartlett, D.; Francis-Smythe, Jan; Steele, Catherine; Arthur, Jane; Carter, A.
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: BF
This paper examines the knowledge transfer process within the profession of work and\ud organisational psychology. In consonance with the theme of the 2011 congress, it considers\ud the extent to which proposed ‘bridging mechanisms’ can provide useful vehicles for\ud operationalising the pursuit of the dual goal of improving both the well-being of individuals\ud and the effectiveness of work organizations. It considers the way in which the profession\ud attempts to ground its concepts in a sound evidence base and then successfully mobilise\ud this knowledge at the interface of research and practice. It does so by critically examining\ud the scientist-practitioner model and the ways in which this model can be operationalised by\ud practitioners and researchers. The criticism which is aimed at academics is that their\ud research is irrelevant; it explores narrow concepts too often with student samples.\ud Practitioners, on the other hand, are accused of too infrequently bringing scientific findings\ud from the research literature to their practice. The problem has been cast in terms of both\ud one of knowledge production and also knowledge transfer and is typified, at least in one\ud direction – the impact of research upon practice, by what has in other professions, most\ud notably medicine and more recently management, been called evidence-based practice.\ud Denise Rousseau, in her 2005 presidential address to the American Academy of\ud Management defined evidence-based management (EBM) as “translating principles based\ud on best evidence into organizational practices” and there have been a number of attempts\ud to invoke a similar model of evidence-based practice in the field of work and organisational\ud psychology. In 2007 Anderson described the academic-practitioner divide as ‘natural’,\ud suggesting the way forward was to focus on ‘bridging mechanisms’ describing six which had\ud been proposed at the 1995 SIOP conference. What is the situation over decade later? To\ud what extent have these bridges been built? This paper explores the nature and extent of\ud these bridges by presenting case studies and findings from a UK survey of IWO psychologists.
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    • Anderson,N. (2007). The practitioner-researcher divide revisited: Strategic - level bridges and the roles of IWO psychologists. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Volume 80, pp.175-183.
    • Briner, R.B. and Rousseau, D.M. (2011). Evidence-Based I-O Psychology: Not There Yet, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 4(1), pp.
    • Hodgkinson, G. (2006). Commentary: The role of JOOP (and other scientific journals) in bridging the practitionerresearcher divide in industrial, work and organizational (IWO) psychology, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 79, 173-178.
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