LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Utono, Iliyasu Mohammed; Coote, Claire; Gibson, Gabriella (2014)
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: SB

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: food and beverages, fungi
A field study of the efficacy of a novel use of repellent plant material to protect stored sorghum from pest damage was conducted in Kebbi State, Nigeria. A combination of Ocimum basilicum (Sweet basil) and Cymbopogon nardus (Lemongrass) powdered dried leaves (‘Lem-ocimum’) was found to be significantly more repellent to the most common grain pest, Tribolium castaneum, when applied as a water-based paste between the layers of double storage-bags at a dose of 1% w/w (plant powder/grain) than untreated double bags (n = 30, P < 0.001). The efficacy of protecting a given percentage of grain in Lem-ocimum treated double-bags was tested in 120 store-rooms, each of which contained 15–35 × 60 kg single bags of sorghum that initially had moderate levels of beetle infestation (26–50 T. castaneum/bag). After 5 months in storage, the percent change in grain weight and levels of infestation by the two most prevalent pests, T. castaneum and Rhyzopertha dominica, inside treated double-bags were significantly lowest in the store-rooms with the highest percentage of all grain (4%) kept in treated double-bags (P < 0.01, n = 120 store-rooms). This result may have been due to the mass fumigation effect of adding 400–900 g Lem-ocimum to each of the store-rooms with 4% treated grain. Only the participant farmers that had stored 4% of their grain in treated double-bags felt the treatment provided significant protection. The findings suggest Lem-ocimum treated double-bags could improve the chances that a proportion of a farmer's grain would be of good enough quality to sell in the market mid-way through the storage season, when the price of grain would earn a good profit.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article