Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Atiku, Farooq A.; Bartle, Keith D.; Jones, Jenny M.; Lea-Langton, Amanda; Williams, Alan (2016)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2102, Chemical Engineering(all), Energy Engineering and Power Technology, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1500, Organic Chemistry, Bio-asphaltene, Smoke, Cenospheres, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2100/2103, Fuel Technology, Petroleum asphaltene, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600/1605

The combustion of heavy fuel oils such as Bunker C and vacuum residual oil (VRO) are widely used for industrial applications such as furnaces, power generation and for large marine engines. There is also the possible use of bio-oils derived from biomass. Combustion of these oils generates carbonaceous particulate emissions and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) that are both health hazards and have an adverse effect on the climate. This paper explores the mechanism of the formation of fine particulate soot and cenospheres. The chemical structure of petroleum asphaltene have been investigated via pyrolysis techniques. The results are consistent with a structure made up of linked small aromatic and naphthenic clusters with substituent alkyl groups, some in the long chains, with the building blocks held together by bridging groups. Other functional groups also play a role. The corresponding bio-asphaltene is made up of similar aromatic and oxygenated species and behave in an analogous way.

  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Linak WP, Miller CA, Wendt JOL. Fine particle emissions from residual fuel oil combustion: characterisation and mechanism of formation. Proc Combust Inst 2000; 28:2651 2658.
    • 2. Corbett JJ, Lack DA, Winebrake JJ, Harder S, Silberman JA, Gold M. Arctic shipping emissions inventories and future scenarios. Atmos Chem Phys 2010;10:9689 9704.
    • 3. Lack DA, Corbett J. Black carbon from ships: a review of the effects of ship speed, fuel quality and exhaust gas scrubbing. Atmos Chem Phys 2012; 12: 3985 4000, 2012
    • 4. Snape CE, Bartle KD. Definition of fossil-fuel derived asphaltenes in terms of average structural parameters. Fuel 1984; 63: 883-887.
    • 5. Mullins OC, Sabbah H, Eyssautier JI, Pomerantz AE, Advances in asphaltene science and the odel. Energy Fuels 2012; 26:
    • 6. Xu Q, Zhang Z, Zhang S, Wang F, Yan, Y. Molecular structure models of asphaltene in crude and upgraded bio-oil. Chem Eng Technol 2014; 37: 1198 1204.
    • 7. Hosseinnezhad S, Fini EH, Sharma BK, Bastid M, Kunware B. Physiochemical characterization of synthetic bio- oils produced from bio-mass: a sustainable source for construction bio-adhesives. RSC Adv. 2015; 5: 75519.
    • 8. Li DD, Greenfield ML. High internal energies of proposed asphaltene structures. Energy Fuels 2011; 25: 3698-3705.
    • 9. Herod AA, Bartle KD, Morgan TJ, Kandiyoti R. Analytical Methods for Characterizing High-Mass Complex Polydisperse Hydrocarbon Mixtures: An Overview. Chem Rev 2012; 112: 3892-3923.
    • 10. Alshareef AH, Scherer A, Tan X, Azyat K, Stryker JM, Tykwinski RR, Gray MR. Formation of archipelago structures during thermal cracking implicates a chemical mechanism for the formation of petroleum asphaltenes. Energy Fuels 2011; 25: 2130 2136.
    • 11. Karimi A, Qian K, Olmstead WN, Freund H, Yung C, Gray MR. Quantitative evidence for bridged structures in asphaltenes by thin film pyrolysis. Energy Fuels 2011; 25:3581 9.
    • 12. Morgan TJ, Alvarez-Rodriguez P, George A, Herod AA, Kandiyoti R. Characterization of Maya Crude Oil Maltenes and Asphaltenes in Terms of Structural Parameters Calculated from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy and Laser Desorption-Mass Spectroscopy (LD-MS) Energy Fuels 2010; 24: 3977-3989.
    • 13. Waller PR, Williams A, Bartle KD. The structural nature and solubility of residual fuel oil fractions. Fuel 1989; 68: 520-526.
    • 14. AlHumaidan FS, Hauser A, Rana MS, Lababidi HMS, Behbehani M. Changes in asphaltene structure during thermal cracking of residual oils: XRD study. Fuel 2015; 150: 558 564.
    • 15. Bartle KD, Jones JM, Lea Langton AR, Pourkashanian M, Ross AB, Thillaimuthu JS, Waller PR, Williams A. The combustion of droplets of highasphaltene heavy oils. Fuel 2013; 103: 835-842.
    • 16. Reddy VM, Rahman MM, Gandi AN, Elbaz AM, Schrecengost RA, Roberts WL. Cenosphere formation from heavy fuel oil: a numerical analysis accounting for the balance between porous shells and internal pressure. Combust Theor Model 2016; 20: 154-177.
    • 17. Ambalae A, Mahinpey N, Freitag N. Thermogravimetric studies on pyrolysis and combustion behavior of a heavy oil and its asphaltenes. Energy Fuels 2006; 20: 560-565.
    • 18. Alshareef AH, Azyat K, Tykwinski RR, Gray MR. Measurement of cracking kinetics of pure model compounds by thermogravimetric analysis. Energy Fuels 2010; 24: 3998 4004.
    • 19. Alvarez E, Marroquín G, Trejo F, Centeno G, Ancheyta J, Díaz JAI. Pyrolysis kinetics of atmospheric residue and its SARA fractions. Fuel 2011; 90: 3602 3607.
    • 20. Nowakowski DJ, Jones JM, Brydson RMD, Ross AB. Potassium catalysis in the pyrolysis behaviour of short rotation willow coppice. Fuel 2007; 86:2389-2402.
    • 21. Stas M, Kubicka D, Chudoba J, Pospisil M. Overview of analytical methods used for chemical characterization of pyrolysis bio-oil. Energy Fuels 2014; 28: 385- 402.
    • 22. Sarmah MK, Borthakur A, Dutta A. Pyrolysis of petroleum asphaltenes from different geological origins and use of methylnaphthalenes and methylphenanthrenes as maturity indicators. Bull. Material Sci. 2010: 33: 509- 515.
    • 23. Fan C, Zan C, Zhang Q, Ma D, Chu Y, Jiang H, Shi L, Wei F. The oxidation of heavy oil: thermogravimetric analysis and non-isothermal kinetics using the distributed activation energy model. Fuel Proc Tech 2014; 119: 146 150.
    • 24. Behar F, Lorent F, Budzinski H, Desavir E. Thermal stability of alkylaromatics in natural systems: kinetics of the decomposition of dodecylbenzene. Energy Fuels 2002; 16: 831-841.
    • 25. Evans RJ, Milne TA. Molecular characterization of the pyrolysis of biomass. 1 Fundamentals. Energy Fuels 1987; 1: 123 137.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article